Finding Traffic Solutions for Gurgaon Setting Vision for Sustainable and Integrated Transport Systems Dr. Kulwant Singh Regional Advisor, UN-HABITAT Event Organized by Gurgaon Renewal Mission Wednesday , 21 November 2012 • The Palms , SushantLok-I Gurgaon www.unhabitat.org
The challenge of Slums Near 1 billion people living in slums • Sub-Saharan Africa: 62% of the urban population • South Asia: 43% • East Asia: 37% • Latin America and the Caribbean: 27%
We cannot continue as we are • Congestion, • Health Impacts and Pollution, • Poor Economic Performance, • Social Exclusion Collapse of the City
The prevailing Urbanization model • The super-super block. • High level of zoning. • The Tower in the Park. • Very low density (< 4,000 hab / sq.km.) • The super-way as the backbone of the city. • High use of Green as a decorative and softening tool of the model. • Well supported by all political tendencies. General consensus.
Seoul Restoration of Cheonggyecheon Decrease of car-traffic volume : 125,000 veh/day Before After(Sep. 2005)
A New urban agenda • GOAL:To use the city and the urbanization process as the main engine of national economic growth • TOOLS: Establishment of a national urban policy. • Go back to basics in urban planning. Public space as the first priority (+30% of land) • Increase density and reduce overcrowding. City infills and planned city extensions. Basic services (water & sanitation, Energy and Urban Mobility)
UN-Habitat priorities for Urban Mobility • Regulation, Legislation and Institutions; • New Urban Planning; • Urban Design/ Street design; and • Public Transport.
Urban Planning: BACK TO THE BASICS – for Better Mobility Outcomes • Plan in advance (30 years) • Plan at scale (numbers that make a difference) • Plan in phases (of public investment) • Plan for social integration (pro-poor policies) • Plan for density (incremental) • Plan for connectivity (focus on public realm) • Plan for energy efficiency and risk prevention
Towards a sustainable, equitable and prosperous city model • High Quality Public Space: e.g. 30% street & 20% amenities • Good and Qualitative Density: 12,500 hab./ km2 • Mixed land use :Avoid zoning when possible (10% of the land of the city at the most). Avoid super-way division of neighborhoods • Environmentally Sustainable: Efficient Mobility. Emphasis on the walking distances, recovery of the human scale. Reduction of green house gases emissions. Proper building codes. • Mixed social structure: Social Integration, Acceptance of Migrants, Social Diversity, Cosmopolitan values, the challenge of living together • Practical and enforceable norms and rules: Participatory, democratic, respectful
Transport planning is no longer simply about the “supply” of infrastructure and services Sound data are the basis of good transport planning The way we lay out/ plan our cities determines how people travel
“More emphasis should be given on Walking and Cycling, density, compactness, multiple use, connectivity and public transport”
Walking is the most common mode in many developing cities Yet pedestrians are invisible in the planning process
Why do people in Copenhagen bike? • Environment beliefs? • Exercise / Health? • Financial reasons? • Easy, fast & convenient? • Cycling in Copenhagen is Easy Fast Convenient
Reasons • 61% Easy, fast & convenient • 19% Exercise / Health • 6% Financial reasons • 1% The environment
All streets need to provide a great walking environment Trust you customers If you design it well… they will come
Eco-Mobility offers multiple benefits to the Community EcoMobility: It’s about doing things right & about doing the right things
Street space is most valuable asset in a city Distributing and Using Street Space • It’s not a financial issue • It’s not a technical issue • It’s a political issue
For public transport, Emphasize high quality and low-cost Think metro, use buses!
Sustainable cities & transport • Interaction at three levels: • Land use planning • Transport infrastructure • Urban design
I am a City Changer for Creating Vibrant and Healthy Cities for ALL
www.unhabitat.org Thanks for your attention!!!