HOW TO HARVARD REFERENCE. An Introductory Guide to the Harvard Method of Referencing for use in Blogs and Assignments. WHAT IS HARVARD REFERENCING?.
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An Introductory Guide
for use in
Blogs and Assignments
Published sources include:- Books, Scripts, Magazines, Newspapers, Articles, Diagrams, Videos/DVD, Films, Documentaries, Television Programmes, Online Resources and Websites/Web pages.
EVERY information source you research and use to inform your own work must be acknowledged:
Within the text of your work
Known as CITATION
In an alphabetical list at the end of your work – known as BIBLIOGRAPHY
To Reference other sources you may have to refer to a specialist website – which will also need to be referenced in your Bibliography!
CITATION: Single Author:-
In a study by Seedhouse (1997) coping with illness was investigated.
CITATION: Two Authors :-
In the book by Basford and Slevin (1995)…
CITATION: More than two Authors :- (The surname of the first author should be given followed by et. al.)
Benner et al (2004) conclude that…
Use Quotation Marks (“ “) as well as Author’s Surname, Year of Publication and Page Number.
SHORT QUOTATIONS – up to 2 lines - can be incorporated in the body of the text.
Buffino (2008 p.471) states that “Vampire Story is a very funny play. But it is not a comedy.”
Hagen (2008 p.23) questions
“ Where are the real human beings in these plays?” and continues “…They are lost behind ready-made, false forms.”
LONGER QUOTATIONS – should be indented in a separate paragraph.
Berry (2001 p.149) in discussing metaphor in language, reinforces the idea by providing an example from Troilus and Cressida:
“The dialogue between Troilus and Cressida, Act II,I scene ii, when they declare their love. It is interesting to note the very different male and female imagery by which they communicate.”
When using a WEBSITE print off the front page and keep it to remind you of the URL and the date you accessed it.
Everything that you cite within your text must be referenced in the Bibliography.
Everything that is in the Bibliography does not need to be cited.
Always try to have as wide a range of sources as possible.
The Open University has an excellent document guide to HR which can be downloaded to your computer –
These sites will give even more detail to aid you in referencing professionally and correctly.
Presentation Compiled by Ellie Darvill
ALSO – TRY