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Successful Integration of Mobility Management into Site Development ‚PHOENIX-West‘ Dortmund, Germany. Ulrike Reutter, Mechtild Stiewe, Janina Welsch. Background. In Germany Mobility Management (MM) is generally not integrated into urban planning

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successful integration of mobility management into site development phoenix west dortmund germany

Successful Integration of Mobility Management into Site Development ‚PHOENIX-West‘ Dortmund, Germany

Ulrike Reutter, Mechtild Stiewe, Janina Welsch

slide2
Background
  • In Germany Mobility Management (MM) is generally not integrated into urban planning
  • ILS is working on this topic within tworesearchprojects, both look for existing possibilities of better integrating MM into urban planning in Germany as well as Europe and propose good solutions:
    • Mobility Management in urban planningGerman title: Mobilitätsmanagement in der Stadtplanung Funded by Ministry for Building, Transportation and Urban AffairsBundesministerium für Verkehr, Bauen und Stadtentwicklung BMVBSForschungsprogramm Stadtverkehr (FOPS) Project FE 70.794
    • MAX – Successful Travel Awareness Campaigns and Mobility Management StrategiesCo-funded by the European Commission within the Sixth Framework Programme (2002-2008). Project No: 518368

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

slide3
Preconditions in German Planning Law (1)
  • German planning system is a federal system with generally 3 levels: national, state, municipal
  • Nationallaws set only the framework conditions for the lower levelsMain law is theFederal Building Code (Baugesetzbuch – BauGB)
    • municipalities can close a contract with developers to set special rules for the development of the site
  • The 16 States have the main responsibility for spatial planning and set the rules for planning in the municipalities together with national lawMain laws are the State Building Codes (Bauordnung – BauO)
    • detailed regulations for each State e.g. for defining the minimum number of requested parking spaces for new buildings

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

slide4
Preconditions in German Planning Law (2)
  • Municipalities
    • prepare local land use plans (Flächennutzungsplan) for the whole administrative area
    • prepare site development plans (Bebauungsplan) for development areas within the city
    • grant building permissions if the buildings are in accordance with the plans
  • Within these plans municipalities have the opportunity to create good preconditions for integrating MM and set the legalframework for the development site
  • Mobility Management itself or instruments like travel plans are not defined and not integrated in German planning laws and instruments

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

best practice dortmund phoenix west
Location of Dortmund in Germanysource: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bild:Deutschland_topo.jpgBest practice: Dortmund PHOENIX-West
  • City of Dortmund was chosen as best-practice example within both research projects
  • The city produced a ‘Masterplan Mobility’ as an informal planning instrument to guide the transport development (use of MM is included)
  • Dortmund aims to integrate Mobility Management into re-development of the former industrial area PHOENIX-West

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

slide6
Location of PHOENIX-Areasource: Stadt Dortmund 2006

Location of Dortmund and PHOENIX-Area

  • Dortmund belongs to the State North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW)
  • The city is part of the Ruhr-Area which has a long history of coal & steelindustries
    • Whole Ruhr-Area is (still) facing a far reaching economic structural change
    • Many of the former industrial sites are re-developed and used in various ways (industrial museums, cultural venues, businesses, housing etc.)
    • PHOENIX-West in Dortmund is such a brown-field re-development site

Location of NRW and Ruhr-Areasource: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bild:Lage_des_Ruhrgebiets.png

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

slide7
PHOENIX-Area: brown-field re-development site
  • PHOENIX-Area: 150 years of industrial history(steel production)
    • PHOENIX-West closure in 1998: ~ 1 km²

Aerial view of PHOENIX-West area in June 2007source: www.phoenixdortmund.de

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

planned uses for phoenix area
Planned uses for PHOENIX-Area

PHOENIX-West PHOENIX-East

Hörde – district centre existing uses: shopping, housing, businesses

technology & business park

planned uses: micro- & nano technologies, IT businesses

new Phoenix-Lake (man made)planned uses: mainly housing & leisure

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

slide9
PHOENIX-West: planning for high quality development
  • Dortmund set preconditions and the legalframework for PHOENIX-Westwithinthe site development plan aiming for a high quality development:
    • City defines areas for special uses (e.g. micro & nano technologies, IT businesses)
    • City aims for a high density area (e.g. heights, building lines & borders)
    • City builds only few off-site parking spaces along the streets
  • When the site is fully developed:
    • about 10.000 people will work at PHOENIX-West
    • about 34.000 car-trips per day are predicted (without MM)
    • up to 3 multi-story car parks will be built (central parking)
    • good accessibility with public transport will be offered

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

phoenix west guidebooks for developers
PHOENIX-West: Guidebooks for developers
  • High quality development needs special guidance. Therefore the city set different framework conditions for design, energy and mobility
  • For each topic a special guidebook was produced as a tool for consultations with developers
  • Design e.g. where to build, front design and material, good examples
  • Energy e.g. regulations for heating and cooling, energy saving construction, use of daylight
  • Mobility shows e.g.
    • how to reduce the quantity of required parking spaces
    • examples of MM measures
    • examples and design for (automatic) multi storey parking  use rare space more efficient

Mobilitätshandbuch

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

slide11
PHOENIX-West: planning for sustainable mobility
  • High quality development  not enough space: in most cases, not all requested parking spaces can be built as ground level parking

Classical solutions

  • build all required parking spaces and pay for the maintenance:some ground-level parking spaces + underground or multi-storey car park expensive solution
  • pay off to the city of Dortmund a certain amount of parking spaces (build the rest) expensive solution

New solution

  • reduce the requested number of on-site parking spaces using Mobility Management implement MM to change travel behaviour & reduce the need for parking build less parking spaces and savemoney

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

slide12
Planning simulation – gaining an insight into practitioners views
  • Use of the planning simulation within research projects:
    • To get all stakeholders involved in the discussion: different administrative departments, developers, architects, business manager, PT-company, legal experts
    • To gain insight in their different views
    • To look at acceptance of the offered solution (using MM to reduce parking spaces)
    • To offer a practical solution to implement MM (ILS introduced a prototype companytravel plan)
    • To foster the implementationprocess for PHOENIX-West by discussing legal procedure within the building permission process

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

slide13
Planning simulation – results and keys of success (1)
  • Key of success: Dortmund has a strong intention to develop PHOENIX-West sustainable and with high quality
  • City asks the developers to contribute to this high quality and communicates the profits of regulations and guidelines
  • In this early phase of implementation of MM consultancy and information about the procedure and the advantages are needed
    • The transportplanning department of Dortmund will offer advice how to produce a travel plan, but has only limited capacities in the long run, externalconsultants are needed
    • It is expected that for most companies the production of a travel plan and the implementation and monitoring of the MM measures will be cheaper than building and maintaining all required parking spaces

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

slide14
Planning simulation – results and keys of success (2)
  • Mobility Management must be offered as a voluntary option (to the developers), because:
    • MM is still a new instrument in Germany,
    • There is no legal obligation for companies to produce a travel plan
    • There is a strong competition for new developments and enterprises between the cities
  • MM creates a win-win situation for the city and the companies:
    • To give the opportunity to minimise the required numbers of parking spaces and thus to save money
    • To achieve a highurban quality and a high environmentalquality for PHOENIX-West
    • Highly motivated people are needed to communicate these advantages to most of the stakeholders

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

slide15
Planning simulation – barriers of success
  • Difficulties to implement MM for speculative developments(unknown user)
  • Is Mobility Management a potential barrier for re-selling the buildings?
  • The local public transport company in Dortmund doesn’t see itself as inter-modal mobility provider
    • e.g. cycling is seen as competing mode, not as a complementing mode to public transport  low quality service for bicycles at PT stations

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

conclusions where there is a will there is a way
Conclusions: Where there is a will there is a way
  • Is the integration of Mobility Management into site development at PHOENIX-West successful?
    • Integration of MM into urban planning is not supported by most of the existing planning laws
    • But integration is possible if the city is planning for good preconditions and is willing to use the existing potentials
    • The most important factor is the will to change the mobility behaviour from the very beginning of the building process. That will prevent future mobility problems
    • Parts of the concept are already used - legal details still need to be solved within the city's administration to use a travel plan for implementing MM

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

thank you for your attention www ils nrw de
Thank you for your attentionwww.ils.nrw.de

ECOMM 2008 – London, Session 21

Successful integration of mobility management into site development: ‚PHOENIX-West’ Dortmund, Germany

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