Careers in Psychology. Industrial/Organizational Psychology. Brief History of I/O Psychology.
1. Hugo Munsterberg – “Father” of Industrial PsychologyIn 1911, cautioned managers to be concerned with “all the questions of the mind … “First to encourage government funded research in industrial psych.
In 1913, published Psychology and Industrial Efficiency
Frederick W. Taylor – First “Efficiency Expert”Argued for redesign of workplace to achieve
higher productivity Conducted first time and motion studies of
In 1911, published The Principles of Scientific
First World War Ends Complaints!
Robert Yerkes – “Father” of group testing In 1917, proposed ways of screening army
recruits for mental deficiency and assigning
to specific army jobs
Created Army Alpha and Army Beta pencil-
and-paper intelligence tests
Porter and Lawler propose expectancy model of motivation in the workplace
“The general practice specialty of professional psychology with a focus on scientifically based solutions to human problems in work and other organizationalsettings.”