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Global Asset and Stock Deals. Tax Executives Institute Western Michigan Chapter. Thomas May (New York/Washington DC) . Presenter. Thomas May (New York, Washington, DC) thomas.may@bakermckenzie.com (212) 891-3983. Acquisition Financing. [change title in View/Header and Footer] 3.

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global asset and stock deals

Global Asset and Stock Deals

Tax Executives Institute

Western Michigan Chapter

Thomas May (New York/Washington DC)

presenter
Presenter

Thomas May (New York, Washington, DC)

thomas.may@bakermckenzie.com

(212) 891-3983

slide3
Acquisition Financing

[change title in View/Header and Footer] 3

acquisition financing
Acquisition Financing
  • Use of Luxembourg Company

USP

(US)

$200 for CPECs or Convertible Loan

CFC1

(Luxembourg)

USS

(US)

$50 Equity

Holdco

(A)

Branch

(US)

$200 in Cash for FT Shares

FT

(A)

$150 Loan

FT

(A)

Fiscal Unity

acquisition financing5
Acquisition Financing
  • Repatriation/Financing Technique

USP

(US)

CFC1

(Luxembourg)

$200 for USP Shares

FS

(B)

Low Tax CFC

(A)

$200 in USP Shares for FT Shares

FT

(A)

FT

(A)

slide6
Section 338(g) Elections and Covered Asset Acquisitions

[change title in View/Header and Footer] 6

section 338 g elections
Section 338(g) Elections
  • USP files a section 338(g) election with respect to FT

USP

(US)

USS

(US)

FT Shares

FT

(A)

CFC1

(A)

$200 Cash

FT

(A)

slide8

Section 338(g) Elections

  • Requirements for section 338(g) election:
    • Acquisition of stock in FT meeting the requirements of section 1504(a)(2) (80% vote and value) during a 12-month period
    • FT stock must be acquired in a transaction in which gain or loss is recognized in full
    • Section 338(g) election must be made on Form 8023 filed by 15th day of 9th month following month in which acquisition is made
    • Unlike section 338(h)(10) election, the seller’s consent is not required for a section 338(g) election
slide9

Section 338(g) Elections

  • Effect of section 338(g) election
    • FT (Old Target) treated as having sold all assets at close of acquisition date for aggregate deemed sales price (“ADSP”)
      • ADSP is equal to grossed-up amount realized on recently-purchased stock plus the liabilities of Old Target
      • Allocation of ADSP amongst target assets based on asset classes
      • FT recognizes taxable gain or loss on each asset
slide10

Section 338(g) Elections

  • Effect of section 338(g) election
    • FT (New Target) is treated as new corporation which purchased assets of Old Target at start of day after acquisition date for adjusted grossed-up basis (“AGUB”)
      • AGUB is sum of grossed-up basis of recently-purchased stock, basis of non-recently purchased stock, and liabilities of New Target
      • Allocation of AGUB amongst assets based on asset classes
    • FT’s historic tax attributes erased
    • FT’s depreciation deductions increased for US E&P purposes but not foreign purposes
slide11

Section 338(g) Elections

  • Effect of sale of FT stock on Seller absent section 338(g) election
    • Seller recognizes taxable gain or loss on the sale of FT stock
      • Gain or loss is capital in nature and either U.S. or foreign source
      • If Seller is U.S. person that owned 10% or more of voting stock of FT during 5-year period ending on date of sale when FT was CFC (“section 1248 conditions”), gain treated as dividend income to extent of E&P accumulated during period FT stock was held while FT was a CFC
        • Dividend income may be general basket income
        • If U.S. person is corporation, dividend carries FTCs (if any)
slide12

Section 338(g) Elections

  • Effect of sale of FT stock on Seller with section 338(g) election
    • Seller recognizes taxable gain or loss on the sale of FT stock and FT recognizes gain or loss on deemed asset sale for E&P purposes (and, potentially, subpart F purposes)
      • Seller’s gain or loss is capital in nature and either U.S. or foreign source
      • If Section 1248 Conditions satisfied, gain treated as dividend income to extent of existing E&P plus E&P on deemed asset sale
        • Is dividend income from deemed asset sale general basket?
        • Section 338(h)(16)
        • Dilution of FTC pool – Cf. PLR 8938036 with CCA 200103031
covered asset acquisitions
Covered Asset Acquisitions
  • Section 901(m) provides that, if there is a covered asset acquisition (“CAA”), the disqualified portion of foreign income tax determined with respect to the income or gain attributable to the relevant foreign assets is not taken into account in determining the credit under section 901 or sections 902 and 960
  • A CAA includes:
    • a qualified stock purchase under section 338(a);
    • any transaction treated as an acquisition of assets for U.S. federal income tax purposes and treated as an acquisition of stock (or is disregarded) for foreign income tax purposes;
    • any acquisition of an interest in a partnership if a section 754 election is in place; and
    • any other similar transaction identified by the Treasury
covered asset acquisitions14
Covered Asset Acquisitions
  • Where there is a CAA, the disqualified portion of foreign taxes is, for any taxable year, the ratio (expressed as a percentage) of the aggregate basis differences (but not below zero) allocable to such taxable year with respect to all relevant foreign assets divided by the income on which the foreign income tax is determined
  • The basis difference with respect to any relevant foreign asset is the excess of the adjusted basis of such asset computed under U.S. federal income tax principles immediately after the CAA over the adjusted basis of such asset computed under U.S. federal income principles immediately before the CAA
    • Basis difference is allocated to taxable years based on cost recovery method applicable under U.S. federal income tax law
  • A foreign asset is relevant with respect to a CCA if income, deduction, gain, or loss attributable to such asset is taken into account in determining the foreign income tax
covered asset acquisitions15
Covered Asset Acquisitions
  • Section 338 Election
    • USP files a section 338(g) election with respect to FT

USP

(US)

FS

(B)

FT Shares

Basis

Asset A: $0

Asset B: $0

FT

(A)

CFC1

(A)

$200 Cash

FMV/Recovery Period

Asset A: $150/15-year

Asset B: $50/5-year

FT

(A)

covered asset acquisitions16
Covered Asset Acquisitions
  • Section 338 Election
    • USP files a section 338(g) election with respect to FT
      • Calculation of disqualified portion

USP

(US)

  • Aggregate Basis Difference Allocable to Year 1: $20
  • Foreign Taxable Income in Year 1: $100
  • Foreign Taxes: $35
  • Disqualified Portion of Foreign Taxes: $20/$100 x $35 = $7

CFC1

(A)

FT

(A)

covered asset acquisition
Covered Asset Acquisition
  • Other Special Rules
    • Disqualified portion of foreign taxes is deductible for U.S. federal income tax purposes (e.g., for earnings and profits purposes)
    • In the case of a section 338 election, CAA is treated as occurring at close of acquisition date
    • If basis of asset immediately after CAA is less than basis immediately before CAA, difference is taken into account as a negative basis difference (thereby decreasing disqualified portion of foreign taxes)
    • If there is a disposition of any relevant foreign asset, any remaining basis difference with respect to that asset is allocated to year of disposition
  • Effective date
    • Subject to transition rules, CAA rules apply to CAAs after December 31, 2010
covered asset acquisitions18
Covered Asset Acquisitions
  • Section 338 Election
    • USP files a section 338(g) election with respect to FT
      • Calculation of earnings and profits and foreign tax credits

USP

(US)

  • Dividend in Year 1: $45
  • Section 78 Gross-Up: $28
  • U.S. Taxable Income: $73
  • U.S. Tax Liability: $26
  • Foreign Tax Credits: $28
  • Excess Foreign Tax Credits: $2

CFC1

(A)

  • U.S. Taxable Income in Year 1: $100
  • Less Amortization: $20
  • Less Foreign Taxes: $35
  • U.S. Earnings and Profits: $45
  • Foreign Tax Credits: $28

FT

(A)

covered asset acquisitions19
Covered Asset Acquisitions
  • Section 338 Election
    • USP files a section 338(g) election with respect to FT
      • Disqualified portion exists even if there is a foreign step up as well!!
        • JCT report indicates it is anticipated that Treasury will exclude CAAs in which basis of relevant foreign assets is increased for foreign tax purposes

USP

(US)

  • Aggregate Basis Difference Allocable to Year 1: $20
  • Foreign Taxable Income in Year 1: $100 - $20 = $80
  • Foreign Taxes: $28
  • Disqualified Portion of Foreign Taxes: $20/$100 x $28 = $5.6

CFC1

(A)

FT

(A)

covered asset acquisitions20
Covered Asset Acquisitions
  • Pre-CAA Planning
    • FT’s election to be treated as a partnership is a liquidation taxable under sections 331 and 336
    • Step transaction, substance over form, economic substance, etc.

FP transfers 21% of the stock of FT to FC1

USP

(US)

FP

(A)

CFC1

(A)

FC1

(A)

FP and FC1 transfer all of FT stock to CFC1

79%

21%

FT

(A)

FT

(A)

FT elects to be treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes

slide21
Post-Acquisition Integration

[change title in View/Header and Footer] 21

post acquisition integration
Post-Acquisition Integration
  • Pursuant to Treas. Reg. section 1.368-2(l) and Rev. Rul. 2004-83, transaction is treated as a reorganization under section 368(a)(1)(D)
    • Impact of CCA 201032035 (i.e., must FT be solvent?)

USP

(US)

USP transfers the stock of FT to CFC1

FT

(A)

CFC1

(A)

FT elects to be treated as a disregarded entity or merges into CFC1

FT

(A)

post acquisition integration23
Post-Acquisition Integration
  • Proper characterization?
    • Double 351 plus a D reorganization, 351 plus a triangular C reorganization, or D reorganization with grandparent stock

USP

(US)

USP transfers the stock of FT to CFC1

CFC1

(A)

FT

(C)

CFC1 transfers the stock of FT to CFC2

CFC2

(B)

CFC2 transfers the stock of FT to CFC3

CFC3

(C)

FT elects to be treated as a disregarded entity or merges into CFC3

FT

(C)

post acquisition integration24
Post-Acquisition Integration
  • Proper characterization?
    • Merger of UST1 into USP
    • Sale of FT3’s assets and liabilities to CFC4
    • Drop and check of FT1 into CFC2

USP

(US)

USP transfers the stock of FT1 to CFC1

Cash

UST1 merges

into USP

CFC1 transfers the stock of FT1 to CFC2

CFC1

(A)

UST1

(US)

Cash

Cash

CFC3

(B)

FT1

(D)

FT2

(A)

UST2

(US)

CFC2

(D)

Cash

FT1

(D)

CFC4

(C)

FT3

(C)

Cash

Cash

FT1 elects to be treated as a disregarded entity or merges into CFC1

All of FT3’s Assets and Liabilities

thank you

Thank You!

Pursuant to requirements relating to practice before the Internal Revenue Service, any tax advice in this communication (including any attachments) is not intended to be used, and cannot be used, for the purpose of (i) avoiding penalties imposed under the United States Internal Revenue Code, or (ii) promoting, marketing, or recommending to another person any tax-related matter.