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World Meteorological Organization Weather, Climate and Water. Drought Assessment and Forecasting. WORKING GROUP ON HYDROLOGY REGIONAL ASSOCIATION VI (EUROPE) 11th session Toulouse, France, 25 to 27 March 2009. Giuseppina Monacelli, Maura Abbafati

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drought assessment and forecasting

World Meteorological Organization

Weather, Climate and Water

DroughtAssessment and Forecasting

WORKING GROUP ON HYDROLOGY

REGIONAL ASSOCIATION VI (EUROPE)

11th session

Toulouse, France, 25 to 27 March 2009

Giuseppina Monacelli, Maura Abbafati

ISPRA Institute for Environmental Protection and Research

Department for Inland and Marine Waters Protection

e-mail: giuseppina.monacelli@apat.it; maura.abbafati@apat.it

slide2

RESOLUTION 17 (XIV-RA VI)

Termsofreference

To review and evaluate meteorological and hydrological forecasting systems in RA VI countries with respect to droughts occurrence

To assess the use of satellite data in drought monitoring, assessment and forecasting

To propose ways for ensuring effective cooperation with other international and regional bodies involved in drought assessment and mitigation

To identify ways of promoting the exchange of data and products, as well as of forecasts and warnings, during low flow situations

To review and evaluate activities undertaken by end-user, in cooperation with NHSs, to mitigate the impacts of drought

slide3

RA VI (Europe)

50 members

REGION VI

(EUROPE)

WMO/OMM

EUROPEAN UNION

27 Member States, 7 Candidate Countries

Med EUWI

In South & East Mediterranean: Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestinian Authority, Syria, Turkey, Tunisia.

In South East Europe:

Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Former Yugoslavic Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), Romania, Serbia and Montenegro.

slide4

DOCUMENTS

EU

 Ist Interim Report (2006)

 IInd Interim Report (2007)

 “Prolonged drought” towards a common understanding

of the phenomenon and of its impacts (2007)

“Drought Management Plan Report” including agricultural,

drought indicators and Climate Change Aspects

(2007 published 2008)

Med EUWI

“Mediterranean Water Scarcity and Drought Report” (2008)

slide5

EVENTS

Conference of the Water Directors of the Euro-Mediterranean

and Southeastern European Countries

Athens, Greece, 6-7 November 2006

Thematic Eionet Workshop

“Water Quantity and Use”

Copenhagen, Denmark, 10-11 June 2008

Medroplan WorkshopMarrakech (Morocco), 15-16 May 2007

International Forum on Drought Seville, Spain, 18-20 June 2007

MED Water Scarcity & Drought

Workinggroup

Session “Planificacion y gestion de la Sequia”

24 July 2008

European Day on Water Scarcity and Drought

5 September 2008

slide6

WMO/OMM

Communicationfrom the Commissionto

the EuropeanParliament and the Council

“Addressing the challenge of water scarcity and droughts

in the EuropeanUnion”

adopted on 18 July 2007

DROUGHTS

WATER SCARCITY

Rainfall deficiency

Temporary situation

Insufficient water resources

to satisfy long-term average

requirements

Exacerbated by mismanagement

of water resources

Natural phenomenon

Human-driven phenomenon

DEVIATION FROM AVERAGE

DEMAND > SUPPLY

slide7

EU area affected by droughts in the last 30 years

km2

EU population affected by droughts in the last 30 years

Mio inhabitants

WMO/OMM

Why a Communication on water scarcity and droughts?

1. Increasing impacts of water scarcity and droughts in past 30 years

Significant increase in annual average EU area (from 6% to 13%) and population (from 6% to 13%) affected by droughts between 1976-1990 period and 1991-2006 period

Source: Member State data, Commission, November 2006

slide8

Low

Water Stress

Medium

Water Stress

Severe

Water Stress

WMO/OMM

2. Expected impacts of climate change and economic development

Proportion of severe water stress EU river basins likely to increase from 19% today to 35% by 2070

Areas affected by droughts will increase

Water stress:

withdrawals-to-availability ratio

If T° rises by 2 to 3°C water scarcity would affect 1.1 to 3.2 billion people

Source: Eurowasser study, University of Kassel

slide9

WMO/OMM

What challenges need to be addressed?

Water Framework Directive needs to be fully implemented

Address ineffective water pricing policies

Improve land-use planning and water allocation between economic sectors

Address waste of water and policy-making priorities

Integration of water-related issues into sectoral policies

Knowledge gaps need to be filled

slide10

WMO/OMM

What policy options have been identified?

Putting the right price tag on water

Allocating water and water-related funding more efficiently

Improving drought risk management

Considering additional water supply infrastructures

Fostering water efficient technologies and practices

Fostering the emergence of a water-saving culture in Europe

Improve knowledge and data collection

slide11

Improvingdroughtrisk management

drought risk management plans

observatory and early warning system on droughts

optimising the use of the EU Solidarity Fund

and European Mechanism for Civil Protection

Drought Management Centre

for South-Eastern Europe (DMCSEE)

REPORT

EDO

European Drought Observatory

slide12

WMO/OMM

Improveknowledge and data collection

Develop a water scarcity and drought Information System across Europe

(information on extent, impacts of water scarcity and drought issues description on the basis of agreed indicators)

Disseminate the results of research on water scarcity and drought issues

Enhance and encourage research on technological activities under the 7th Community Research Framework Programme

slide13

WMO/OMM

WMO Hydrology Network discussion forum

http://www.whycos.org/hnforum/index.php