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Innovation Ecosystems. Clare Fairfield. Key Terms. Innovation Venture Capital Invention ≠ Innovation. Innovation. Invention ≠ Innovation Innovation Ecosystems must be Created Education is the Framework for Developing Sustainable Innovation Ecosystems. Venture Capital.

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innovation ecosystems

Innovation Ecosystems

Clare Fairfield

key terms
Key Terms
  • Innovation
  • Venture Capital
  • Invention ≠ Innovation
innovation
Innovation
  • Invention ≠ Innovation
  • Innovation Ecosystems must be Created
  • Education is the Framework for Developing Sustainable Innovation Ecosystems
venture capital
Venture Capital
  • Term “Venture Capital” thrown around freely
  • Venture Capital is only a single element in an extremely complicated system that is almost universally not understood or even recognized
  • Often erroneously used as short hand for the concept of innovation or economically valuable innovation
  • Common mistake is a singular focus on venture funds
  • Deal Chasing vs. Deal Making
us 20 th century experience as a guide
US 20th Century Experience as a Guide
  • Learn from the successes and mistakes of US educational and investment innovation practitioners—failure is the best teacher
  • Experience teaches that attempting to duplicate Silicon Valley/Boston is an extremely difficult proposition
  • Understanding the evolution of the US system provides a development roadmap and a cautionary tale
the paradox of early stage returns
The Paradox of Early Stage Returns
  • Highest rate of return
  • Hardest to execute
  • Attracts ever increasing levels of investment in venture capital resulting in:
    • Declining ratio of professionals to dollars managed
    • Relative decline in early stage investment activity
    • Declining population of early stage venture capitalists
    • Investors with a passion for being rich, not for developing people and technologies
    • Significantly larger deal size
  • Early Stage Investors vs. Financial Engineers
  • Risk of Long Term Loss of Institutional Investor Support
historical realities
Historical Realities
  • Venture capital funding rate 1-2%
  • Venture capital success rate 10-20%
  • Venture capital failure rates 20-40%
  • Investment IRR hurdle rates driven by these statistical realities
slide9
2,500 Business Plans

25 VC Investments

5 Wins

The Venture Fund Lifespan Funnel

2007 vc investments by
2007 VC Investments By #

139

7

1

1

30

7

43

18

20

MA 356

162

3

2

1

19

RI 3

CT 31

3

140

NJ76

2

7

43

31

62

DE 3

15

74

2

1,313

12

MD 87

12

76

8

DC 15

59

19

21

6

1

21

8

4

55

3

140

7

54

HI 4

NVCA Yearbook/Thompson Venture Economics

essence of innovation
Essence of Innovation
  • Scalable Deal Flow
  • Deal Flow = Sustainable Sources of Quality Investment Opportunities
building innovation ecosystems
Building Innovation Ecosystems
  • Decades vs. Years
  • The political cycle does not match the innovation cycle
  • The venture capital cycle does not match the innovation ecosystem cycle
  • Deceptively easy to talk about—excruciatingly difficult to execute
  • A systemic approach is the critical factor
pitfalls to avoid
Pitfalls to Avoid
  • Short Term Focus on Job Growth
  • Focus on Short Term Investment Returns
  • Focus on Technology Value
  • Unrealistic Development Timeframes
  • Systemic Misalignment of Interests with Financial Investors
  • Wishful Scaling
innovation entrepreneurial ecosystems
Innovation/Entrepreneurial Ecosystems
  • Sustainable innovation systems will only appear within a robust ecosystem
  • Investment in Technologies & Companies
    • Not enough by itself
    • A critical catalyst
    • Least important success factor
  • Requires the simultaneous presence of all key innovation ecosystem factors
essence of innovation1
Essence of Innovation
  • Deal Flow
  • Deal Flow = Sustainable Sources of Quality Investment Opportunities
systemic approach
Systemic Approach
  • Coordinate Policy
    • Government---Investors---Educators---Service Providers
    • Scientists---Corporate Execs---Entrepreneurs---Students
  • Fund Size/Compensation Structure
  • Creating Quality Deal Flow
    • Reduce Risk
    • Increase Success Rate
  • Tech Transfer/Commercialization Policies
  • Government Support Programs
  • Full Spectrum Financial Support
  • Culture that Tolerates and Supports Failure
  • Service Provider Excellence
education is the foundational activity
Education is the Foundational Activity
  • A critical lack of knowledge and understanding exists at all levels of innovation systems across the globe
  • Innovation & Entrepreneurship taught at all educational levels
  • Institutionalized education and involvement of government, business, and academic policy makers and officials
  • Support for education and operation of venture investors and innovation service providers
education as framework
Education as Framework
  • Education is a Positive Wrapper
  • Produces sustainable infrastructure
  • Facilitates Accelerated Relationship Building
    • Government
    • Investors
    • Academia
    • Business
  • Applied Model Coordinated with Traditional Academic Model
    • Scalable
    • Flexible & Fresh
  • Provides Platform for Ongoing & Regular Points of Contact & Interaction
  • Provides Workable Framework for a Global Model
essence of innovation2
Essence of Innovation
  • Deal Flow
  • Deal Flow = Sustainable Sources of Quality Investment Opportunities
the value of education
The Value of Education

Undergraduate Graduate Combined

Number of Businesses Started 42 41 83

Success Rate 88% 93% 90%

Average Annual Growth Rate 57% 80% 69%

Average Age (Years) 4.2 5.2 4.7

team experience
Team Experience
  • Over 200 direct venture capital/private equity investments within multiple investment funds and educational programs.
  • Founding investment in several of the world’s leading venture capital and private equity firms including: Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield and Byers; Kohlberg, Kravis & Roberts; TA Associates; and Brentwood Associates.
  • Creation of university-based entrepreneurial education programs and centers.
  • Professional venture industry educational program design and delivery.
  • Participation with the US Congress, the US National Science Foundation, the US Department of Commerce and the US Small Business Administration in governmental innovation programs, investment programs and innovation policy formation.
  • Exposure to and participation in international innovation and venture capital programs and development efforts in multiple countries.
  • Startup operational experience.
  • Operational business experience.
  • Venture development legal experience.
  • International relations and international innovation activities.
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