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Common sentence errors. Comma s plice Run-on sentence Non-parallel sentences Sentence fragments. Comma splice.

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common sentence errors

Commonsentenceerrors

Commasplice

Run-on sentence

Non-parallelsentences

Sentencefragments

comma splice
Commasplice
  • Some say thecommasplice is themostcommontype of sentenceerror, but thatshould be goodnewsforyou! Thecommasplice is an errorthat is easytoidentifyandfix. A commaspliceoccurswhentwoindependentclauses (clausesthatcould be sentences on theirown) arejammedtogetherwith a comma.
examples
Examples
  • Incorrect: The Huns who were Mongolian invaded Gaul in 451.

Revised: The Huns, who were Mongolian, invaded Gaul in 451.

slide4
Incorrect: Field trips are required, in several courses, such as, botany and geology. 

Revised: Field trips are required in several courses, such as botany and geology.

slide5
Incorrect: Diseased coronary arteries are often surgically bypassed, however half of all bypass grafts fail within ten years.

Revised:Diseased coronary arteries are often surgically bypassed; however, half of all bypass grafts fail within ten years.

slide6
Incorrect: The term "scientific illiteracy," has become almost a cliche in educational circles. 

Revised: The term "scientific illiteracy" has become almost a cliche in educational circles

slide7
Incorrect:The baby is in his crib, he is sleeping.

Revised: The baby is in his crib; he is sleeping. (or)

The baby is in his crib, and he is sleeping

slide8
Incorrect: When it comes to eating people differ in their tastes.

Revised: When it comes to eating, people differ in their tastes.

run on sentence
Run-on sentence
  • Ramblingorrun-on sentencesaresentencesthatcontainseveralclausesconnectedbycoordinatingconjunctionssuch as: and, or, but, yet, for, nor, andso. A ramblingsentencemayappeartofollowthetechnicalrules of grammar in places, but thesentence as a whole is wrongbecause it rambles.
examples1
Examples
  • Incorrect: The family drove to the beach it was a beautiful day.

Revised:The family drove to the beach, and it was a beautiful day

slide11
Incorrect: The survey shows that more than 80% of the population agrees that racism is rife however only 12% of the population admits that they are racist.

Revised: The survey shows that more than 80% of the population agrees that racism is rife. However, only 12% of the population admits that they are racist.

slide12
Incorrect: More than 80% of the population agrees that racism is rife, 12% of the population admits that they are racist.

Revised: More than 80% of the population agrees that racism is rife; 12% of the population admits that they are racist.

slide13
Incorrect: They gossiped about many things at lunchthey always have the most to say about their coworkers.

Revised:They gossiped about many things at lunch.Theyalways have the most to say about their coworkers.

slide14
Incorrect: Fred fell down screaming when the smoke cleared we all expected to see a bloody mess.

Revised:Fred fell down screaming. The smoke cleared. We all expected to see a bloody mess.

slide15
Incorrect: I left town shortly after. Didn’t see him again for five years.

Revised:I left town shortly after and didn’t see him again for five years.

non parallel sentences
Non-parallelsentences
  • Oneportion of the SAT writing test requiresstudentstofindandimprovepoorly-writtensentences. It’simportantforstudentstoknowwhatproblemsappearfrequentlywithinthesesentences, in ordertoimprovetheirchances of scoringwell. Onecommonsentence problem involvesnon-parallelstructure.
examples2
Examples
  • Incorrect: The candidate’s goals include winning the election, a health program, and education.

Revised: The candidate’s goals include winning the election, enacting a national health program, and improving the educational system.

slide18
Incorrect: Some critics are not so much opposed to capital punishment as postponing it for so long.

Revised: Some critics are not so much opposed to sentencing convicts to capital punishment as they are to postponing executions for so long.

slide19
Incorrect: The teacher wanted to know which country we came from and our future goals.

Revised: The teacher wanted to know which country we came from and what our future goals were.

slide20
Incorrect: This report is an overview of the processes involved, the problems encountered, and how they were solved.

Revised: This report is an overview of the processes involved, the problems encountered, and the solutions devised

sentence fragments
Sentencefragments
  • A sentencefragment is a statementthatcannotstandalone as a sentence, eventhough it mightlooklike it should be ableto. A sentencefragmentmay be lacking a subject, a verb, orboth. Itmightevencontainwordsthatlooklikesubjectsandverbs.
examples3
Examples
  • Incorrect: Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings. For example, the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

Revised: Tests of the Shroud of Turin have produced some curious findings. For example, the cloth contains the pollen of forty-eight plants native to Europe and the Middle East.

slide23
Incorrect: Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption. Although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.Revised: Scientists report no human deaths due to excessive caffeine consumption, although caffeine does cause convulsions and death in certain animals.
slide24
Incorrect: Because they are confusing and distracting to readers. 

Revised:Because they are confusing and distracting to readers, writers should generally avoid sentence fragments.

slide25
Incorrect: Although the result of the study was inconclusive.

Revised: Although the result of the study was inconclusive, the committee decided to implement the policy.

slide26
Incorrect: If the result of the study confirmed the writer’s hypothesis.

Revised: If the result of the study confirmed the writer’s hypothesis, it would be a major breakthrough in the world of biochemistry.

slide27
Incorrect: The dog was waiting in the window when his owner got home. Then, excited, wagging his tail. He went to greet her at the door. 

Revised: The dog was waiting in the window when his owner got home. Excited, he wagged his tail and went to greet her at the door.

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