enforceability of electronic contracts n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
ENFORCEABILITY OF ELECTRONIC CONTRACTS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
ENFORCEABILITY OF ELECTRONIC CONTRACTS

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 21
bambi

ENFORCEABILITY OF ELECTRONIC CONTRACTS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

119 Views
Download Presentation
ENFORCEABILITY OF ELECTRONIC CONTRACTS
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author. While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. ENFORCEABILITY OFELECTRONIC CONTRACTS Natural Resources Committee Calgary Chamber of Commerce October 19, 1999

  2. OUTLINE • GasEDI. • Issue: Uncertainty. • Objective: Legislation. • Proposed Uniform Electronic Commerce Act (UECA). • Current situation. • GasEDI’s Proposed Strategy. • Further Information. • Questions. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  3. GasEDI • Sponsored by CAPP, SEPAC, CGA, CEPA. • Mission: • Promote the development and implementation of North American business and electronic information standards to improve the competitive position of natural gas. • We believe all participants in the gas industry - including end use consumers - are best served by a vibrant, efficient, industry - from well head to burner tip. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  4. GasEDI’S ENFORCEABILITY OF ELECTRONIC CONTRACTS WORKING GROUP • Mission: • Develop standards for enforceable electronic contracting for use by the Canadian gas industry. • These standards are to be compatible with GISB ((US) Gas Industry Standards Board) standards, and/or lead to requests for modifications to GISB standards. • Review legislation and monitor legislative proposals to assure the requirements of the Canadian gas industry are satisfied. • Monitor establishment of Certification Authorities. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  5. ISSUE: UNCERTAINTY • There is sufficient uncertainty regarding the enforceability of an electronic contract that commerce in Alberta may be significantly adversely affected. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  6. OBJECTIVE: LEGISLATION • The Alberta Advantage can be further enhanced by creating a legal environment in which electronic commerce can be carried out with ease and certainty. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  7. PROPOSED UNIFORM ELECTRONIC COMMERCE ACT (UECA) • The Uniform Law Conference of Canada (ULCC) has adopted a Uniform Electronic Commerce Act and has recommended it for enactment in all provincial legislations / jurisdictions. • Purpose: Reduce legal risk for doing e-business across the country by eliminating uncertainty about the law that applies and by making the law suit the needs of modern commerce. • Application: Beyond the scope of commerce to almost any legal relationship that may require documentation. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  8. SALE OF GOODS ACT • “A contract of sale need not be concluded in or evidenced by writing and is not subject to any other requirement as to form. It may be proved by any means, including witnesses.” • United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. • This Convention has been adopted by Canada’s federal government and several provinces, including Alberta. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  9. STATUTE OF FRAUDS • The Statute requires a “note or memorandum” of the contract “signed by the party to be charged” or the party’s authorized agent. • The memorandum must contain all the essential terms of the contract, including the identity of the parties. • There is a strong argument that the note or memorandum need not necessarily be on paper, but the information must be accessible so as to be useable for subsequent reference. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  10. EVIDENCE ACT • Information should not be denied legal effect or enforceability solely by reason that it is in electronic form. • A digitally signed document should be given equal weight to a manually signed document as evidence. • If both a hardcopy and electronic version of a document are executed both should be kept. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  11. INTERPRETATION ACT • A legal contract should be interpreted to be in writing provided the information is accessible so as to be useable for subsequent reference. • The law has endeavoured to take cognizance of, and to be receptive to, technological advances in the means of communication: • Teletype. • Fax. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  12. CANADA BILL C-54 • Restricted (mostly) to communications with the Canada’s federal government. • Will only apply to to situations specified in a schedule (opt in statute). • This bill also covers privacy issues. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  13. CANADIAN DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE • Section 35 of the Interpretation Act defines writing as follows: “writing”, or any term of like import, includes words printed, typewritten, painted, engraved, lithographed, photographed or represented or reproduced by any mode of representing or reproducing words in visible form. • For most electronic documents, this definition will be sufficient because they will be in “visible form”, either by representation on a computer screen or as a print-out. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  14. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE TRADING PARTNER AGREEMENT • Prior to passage of appropriate legislation, electronic transactions will likely be enforceable provided they are preceded by a paper-based Electronic Commerce Trading Partner Agreement. • An Electronic Commerce Trading Partner Agreement should address the issues of enforceability, authenticity and integrity of the electronic transaction. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  15. ALBERTA ENERGY AND UTILITIES BOARD (AEUB) • Electronic filing is being adopted. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  16. NATIONAL ENERGY BOARD (NEB) • The NEB Act does reference documents being in writing and having a signature. • Nevertheless the NEB is moving to mandatory electronic filings for the fall of 2000 and is working on changing systems from paper to electronic to support this. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  17. ONTARIO ENERGY BOARD (OEB) • The OEB is cooperating with the NEB in developing electronic filing standards. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  18. GasEDI’S PROPOSED STRATEGY • Position to be endorsed by CAPP, put on CAPP letterhead, and forwarded by CAPP to the appropriate government personnel. • Other organizations would support the CAPP / GasEDI position by forwarding a copy of the CAPP / GasEDI position to the appropriate government personnel. • To emphasize consistency, such other organizations would, preferably, not transcribe the CAPP / GasEDI position statement onto their own letterheads. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  19. DISCLAIMER • Information is published by GasEDI as a service - such information should not be considered a comprehensive treatment of any subject. • Comments published by GasEDI reflect the views of individual authors and are not intended to provide legal advice. • Readers should not act or rely on information provided by GasEDI without seeking specific legal advice. Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  20. FURTHER INFORMATION • Contact: • Ian Anderson • Project Manager • GasEDI • Tel: 403-243-1079 • Fax: 403-243-0546 • Cell: 403-860-5941 • Web: http://www.gasedi.ca • Email: ian@isanderson.com Calgary Chamber of Commerce - Electronic Commerce

  21. ENFORCEABILITY OFELECTRONIC CONTRACTS Ian Anderson I. S. Anderson & Associates Limited Business Reengineering  Electronic Commerce  EDI 100 - 1039 - 17 Avenue SW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2T 0B2 Tel: 403-243-1079 Fax: 403-243-0546 http://www.isanderson.com Cell: 403-860-5941 Email: ian@isanderson.com