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Driverless Car Summit 2012. Association of Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) Richard Bishop, Automotive Lead. AUVSI. Non-profit industry association focusing on air/land/water unmanned operations 40 years 500+ corporate members expanding into civilian vehicle autonomy

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Driverless car summit 2012

Driverless Car Summit 2012

Association of Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI)

Richard Bishop, Automotive Lead


Auvsi
AUVSI

  • Non-profit industry association focusing on air/land/water unmanned operations

    • 40 years

    • 500+ corporate members

    • expanding into civilian vehicle autonomy

  • Driverless Cars 2022 Initiative: stretch goal

    • what does it take to get there?

  • DCS 2012 first meeting of its kind


Driverless car summit
Driverless Car Summit

  • Detroit, June 12-13, 2012

  • Agenda included:

    • White House Office of Science and Technology Policy

    • USDOT (ITS JPO and NHTSA)

    • USDOD

    • Nevada Dept. of Motor Vehicles

    • Google, GM, Daimler, Continental

  • ~ 250 attendees

  • www.auvsi.org


Types of automation
Types of Automation

  • beyond automated longitudinal control (ACC) to add some level of automated lateral control (lane centering)

  • driver must still maintain vigilance as to any unusual situation on the road

  • How successful will these systems be in maintaining driver engagement?

  • Will driver monitoring become common?

  • Traffic Jam Assistant (full control below a speed threshold on highways)

  • automated urban “citycars”


Industry representation
Industry Representation

  • Car industry

    • Chrysler, Daimler, Ford, GM, Honda, Nissan, Toyota, Volkswagen, and Volvo Cars

  • Suppliers

    • Valeo, Continental, others

  • Google

  • Ground vehicle robotics firms

  • Transportation engineering firms


Car industry perspectives
Car Industry Perspectives

  • the advent of vehicle automation is by now a given

  • systems are being designed to handle the roads and traffic “as-is.”

  • The role of the infrastructure is open, as to how traffic management and mobility enhancement systems adapt.

  • Expanding mobility for the disabled and elderly is a motivator

    • compelling given the aging of the Baby Boom generation


Car industry perspectives1
Car Industry Perspectives

  • Dr. Gary Smyth, General Motors

    • significant vehicle evolution in the next decades

    • expansion of the DNA of today’s personal mobility vehicle to include electrification, electronics, and connectivity.

    • “transferred control” (hands/feet off) by mid-end decade

    • autonomous driving by the end of the decade.

    • Super Cruise (combined lat/lon control): near term

    • Knowledge of the driver state and vehicle capability is essential

    • investing significant effort into understanding transfer of control – this has to be done successfully in 2-3 seconds


Car industry perspectives2
Car Industry Perspectives

  • Dr. Luca Delgrossi, Daimler:

    • stepwise approach to automated driving

    • looking at autonomous driving as their final goal

    • F800 prototype: Traffic Jam Assistance

    • requires driver to touch the steering wheel at regular intervals to stay engaged

  • Christian Schumacher, Continental

    • combined longitudinal and lateral control

    • using equipment currently on the car

    • implementing new features through sophisticated software


Industry perspective
Industry Perspective

  • Chris Urmson, Google:

    • key priority is to program the vehicle to operate as if driven by a human.

    • strong focus on defining performance metrics

    • Re introduction: “the perfect is the enemy of the good”

      • we should not wait for perfection


Government
Government

  • States passing driving laws

  • USDOT assessing risks and addressing challenges

  • USDOD beginning deployments for specific vehicles and operational environments

  • Active collaboration between these DOT and DOD being explored


Usdot
USDOT

  • John Augustine, USDOT ITS Joint Program Office

    • “the technology is feasible and deployment achievable.”

    • automation can help across the board in addressing road transportation goals

    • JPO funding multi-agency Automated Vehicle Exploratory Research program

      • passenger cars, heavy trucks, and transit

  • John Maddox, NHTSA

    • newly defined automated driving research program

    • stake in the ground: autonomous vehicles must be “better than humans.”

    • goal for automated vehicles: “crash-less … I don't think people are willing to accept robotic error resulting in killing people.”

    • “challenges can be met”


Usdod
USDOD

  • Dr. Jim Overholt, US Army Tank and Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center (TARDEC), Ground Vehicle Robotics Innovation Center

  • “I want to allow soldiers to do something else while doing the mundane task of driving.”

  • Autonomous Robotics for Installation and Base Operations (ARIBO) program

    • application of autonomous vehicles to real-world needs at military bases

    • roads and facilities at these bases can serve as a more “protected” environment compared to the open road

    • Army sees these bases as a good testbed for autonomous operations

    • possible way to collaborate with USDOT for testing

    • pursuing the use of robotic vehicles at Fort Bragg to ferry “wounded warriors” to medical care facilities on-base


User panel urban complexity
User Panel: Urban Complexity

  • constant interaction outside the car – other drivers, bicyclists, pedestrians

  • cyclists must be confident they are “seen” in entering an intersection, and they confirm this by looking at the driver

  • how will the self-driving car “communicate” in such a situation and share the road space appropriately?

  • will this new technology be designed for use by the blind to expand their mobility?

  • a series of demonstrations and public campaigns will be important to inspiring public confidence in automated driving.


Legal issues panel
Legal Issues Panel

  • change the legal infrastructure to enable automated vehicles, or change the vehicles to adapt to existing law?

  • general response: vehicles will adapt to the law – not realistic to seek for laws to be passed just to address liability issues with automated vehicles.

  • on-board data recording important

    • use electronic discovery of evidenceto prepare the way today for lawsuits tomorrow

    • using data to prove in court when the vehicle is not responsible for a mishap.

  • significant uncertainty in the legal realm is inhibiting the industry.


Connectivity automation
Connectivity <> Automation

  • connected vehicles and automated vehicles are separate topics yet inter-related and complementary

  • in the longer term, exchange of data between vehicles promises to enhance performance overall.

  • cybersecurityis a significant concern


Dcs12 summary
DCS12 Summary

  • interactive format deepened understanding and cross-industry connections

  • telling the story important -- we need a strategy and plan in educating the public

  • cross-industry issues should be addressed, for example:

    • testing / certification

    • state-level regulations

  • continue regular information sharing


2013 driverless car summit
2013 Driverless Car Summit

  • Detroit

  • May or June 2013

  • Annual meetings planned in following years