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Did You Know??? . 92% of students say they will attend college… Of those students, only 32% of those students know what classes are needed to take in high school that will allow them to go to college. Did You Know???.

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did you know
Did You Know???
  • 92% of students say they will attend college…
  • Of those students, only 32% of those students know what classes are needed to take in high school that will allow them to go to college.
did you know1
Did You Know???
  • 93 % of Middle School Students say that there is “No Chance” that they will drop out of High School.
  • 29% of New Yorkers ages 18-24 Lack a High School Diploma.
careers careers careers

Careers, Careers, Careers

Intro to Technology

Mr. Scaramellino

why middle school career education
Why Middle School Career Education?
  • Career Development is an ongoing lifelong process, and its challenges must be addressed beginning in elementary and middle school.
  • Most Middle School Students have only a shallow understanding of of how school relates to work.
jobs are broken into sectors
Jobs Are Broken Into Sectors
  • Primary Sector= obtaining and processing raw materials
  • Secondary Sector= changing raw and processed materials into a product each us us can use.
  • Tertiary Sector= delivering and servicing the product.
primary sector
Primary Sector
  • Raw Materials- Materials that come from nature
  • Renewable Materials- come from plants and animals, forests and trees.
  • Non- Renewable materials- 3 types: Fossil Fuels, non metallic minerals, and metallic minerals
    • Fossil Fuels- coal, peat, petroleum, natural gas
    • Nonmetallic Minerals- sand, gravel, building stone
    • Metallic Minerals- iron, copper, aluminum
careers in the primary sector
Careers in the Primary Sector
  • Farmers- Plant fertilize cultivate and harvest crops.
  • Ranchers- breed, feed, and care for animals
  • Horticulturists-grow and maintain plants shrubs, and trees
  • Forestry Workers- cut transport and process trees for paper making, construction and furniture making.
careers in the primary sector1
Careers in the Primary Sector
  • Miners & Oil Riggers- operate machinery to extract raw materials
  • Oceanographers- study plant and animal life in the ocean
  • Environmentalists- try to find solutions to problems relating to land use, pollution, conservation of natural resources and preservation of wildlife
secondary sector manufacturing products
Secondary Sector: Manufacturing Products
  • Changes raw materials into useful products: Plastics, computers, jet planes, glue, medications, gum
  • The Construction of structures: houses, towers, stadiums, roads, tunnels, bridges and dams
secondary sector manufacturing products1
Secondary Sector: Manufacturing Products

Individual Artisan

Machinery & Mass Production

Assembly Line- assembly of parts in a planned structure.

Mass Production- making a large number of products in an assembly line.

Automation- computers, Robots & other machines control machine operations. Can assemble them at high speeds in correct sequence.

  • One Person made the products.
  • Used Hand Methods.



If machine breaks or malfunctions, products are inaccurate,

Loss of jobs

If one thing goes wrong, the whole system could be affected.

  • Work better in hot noisy and dangerous conditions
  • Improved quality of work
  • Increased production
  • Decreased waste material
computer numerical control
Computer Numerical Control
  • CNC= A system in which machine movements and operations are controlled by a computer program.
  • Flexible Manufacturing System=
    • A grouping of machine tool, controlled by a computer program that can perform a series of operations on a single manufactured part.
    • By reprogramming the computer, the tools can make a different part.
production systems 5 basic operations
Production Systems:5 Basic Operations
  • 1. Designing: making original plans and drawings of products.
  • 2. Planning: organizing a system in which personnel, material and equipment can work together.
  • 3. Tooling Up: acquiring and setting up tools and machines for production
  • 4. Controlling: Production using machines to make a product.
  • 5.Packaging & Distribution: packing, storing, and transporting the product.
tertiary sector
Tertiary Sector
  • Providing Sector
  • Entrepreneur- a person who organizes, manages, and assumes the risks of starting a business.
  • Careers
    • Business + Office
    • Communication
    • Health
    • Hospitality + Recreation
    • Public and Social Services
    • Transportation
    • Marketing + Distribution
career poster project
Career Poster Project
  • Homework make a list of 5 careers that you are interested in.
  • Write down what they are
  • Define those careers
  • Gather materials to make a poster to hand in.