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Classical Era. 1750-1830 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNZbvb8X0DQ. 1752 – Benjamin Franklin discovers electricity 1776 – Declaration of Independence by American Colonies 1789 – French Revolution begins 1796 – U.S. Bill of Rights ratified 1803 – Louisiana Purchase. Historical Events.

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classical era

Classical Era

1750-1830

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vNZbvb8X0DQ

historical events
1752 – Benjamin Franklin discovers electricity
  • 1776 – Declaration of Independence by American Colonies
  • 1789 – French Revolution begins
  • 1796 – U.S. Bill of Rights ratified
  • 1803 – Louisiana Purchase
Historical Events
important musical events
1770 – Mozart writes his first string quartets
  • 1792 – Beethoven moves to Vienna
  • 1807 – Beethoven composes the 5th Symphony
  • 1815 – Metronome is invented
Important Musical Events
musical style
Simpler and clarified style
  • Clearly defined forms
  • Most popular form was the contrast of two basic melodies, “Melody A” and “Melody B”
Musical Style
results
The birth of the modern symphony, string quartets and piano sonatas were the results of this new style.Results
melody
Strong emphasis on the importance of melody
  • Lyrical, singable, using regular four-measure phrases
  • Familiar folk melodies were used in classical music
  • Describe this melody: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rZ9oI3Pzwoc
Melody
rhythm
Simple and constant rhythm patterns
  • Tempos are constant for entire sections and don’t slow til’ the end
  • Silence became part of the element of rhythm in Classical music.
Rhythm
harmony
Key signatures firmly established by now
  • Tonal and simple
  • Different tonal centers were used for different musical themes
Harmony
genres
The Classical period was the first to organize the instruments of the orchestra into different groups: strings, woodwind, brasses and percussion.
  • Chamber music was instrumental music for small groups
  • Dynamic markings are first used to indicate how loud or soft the composer wanted the music
Genres
famous composers
Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
  • Began music study at 7 yrs. Old in Vienna
  • Became a music director for Count Morzin in Bohemia in 1759
  • Became assistant music director for Prince Paul Esterhazy in 1761 and remained so for 45 years.
  • Mozart became a good friend of Haydn
  • Describe his music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ASB6hFUat4g
Famous Composers
composers
Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827)
    • Some historians claim Beethoven as a Romantic composer. I think he is a combination of late Classical and early Romantic
    • Childhood of poverty due to dad being an alcoholic and drinking away the family’s $
    • In late 1790s began to lose hearing
    • By the early 1800s Beethoven was completely deaf
Composers
beethoven continued
His musical works include:
    • 9 Symphonies
    • 11 Overtures
    • 16 String Quartets
    • 30 Piano Sonatas
    • Numerous Chamber music pieces
    • Listen to and describe his music: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-kcOpyM9cBg
Beethoven Continued
composers1
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
  • At 3 yrs. Old began to play tunes on the harpsichord
  • 5yrs. Began to compose minuets for the harpsichord
  • At 6yrs. Old when on tour to play for royalty of Austria and Germany
Composers
mozart s works
Mozart composed so much work that it is impossible to list here, but here are the genres for which he wrote:
  • Opera
  • Piano concerto and sonata
  • Symphony
  • String quartet and string quintet
  • Solo piano
  • Chamber music
  • Masses and other religious music
  • Dances
Mozart’s Works
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