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Honoring Cognitive Diversity by Differentiating Instruction . PHILIPPE ERNEWEIN WWW.REMEMBERIT.ORG OCTOBER 29, 2012. Think/Pair/Share. Please think for a minute and select two students that you teach or have taught who don’t or didn’t fare so well in school.

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Honoring cognitive diversity by differentiating instruction

Honoring Cognitive Diversity by Differentiating Instruction

PHILIPPE ERNEWEIN

WWW.REMEMBERIT.ORG

OCTOBER 29, 2012


Think pair share
Think/Pair/Share

  • Please think for a minute and select two students that you teach or have taught who don’t or didn’t fare so well in school.

  • Tell a colleague who the students are (pseudonyms are fine) – and perhaps why they didn’t flourish in school.


Making sure we are on the same page
Making sure we are on the same page:

  • Differentiated Instruction applies an approach to teaching and learning so that students have multiple options to take in information and make sense of ideas.

  • Because we know students:

    • Learn at different rates

    • Need different degrees of difficulty

    • Have different interests

    • Learn in different ways

    • And need different support systems



Think back to your student
Think back to your student…

  • Can you identify his/her readiness level, interests and learning profile?

  • How could you find out during a lesson, during a day or during a week?


Tiered approach definition
Tiered Approach: definition

An instructional approach designed to have students of differing readiness levels work with essential knowledge, understanding, and skill, but to do so at levels of difficulty appropriately challenging for them as individuals at a given point in the instructional cycle.


Tiered approach critical elements
Tiered Approach: critical elements

  • Clearly establish what students should know, understand and be able to do

  • Share a clear target with the students

  • Think about readiness levels: pre-assessment/on-going

  • Develop enough versions of original task/product to challenge a range of learner

  • “The Equalizer”


Pace project steps
PACE Project Steps

Identify

-Diagnostic learning profile, learning modalities,

personality inventory, MI survey, formative

assessment, exit slips.

Facilitate

-Dedicate classroom workshop time, offer examples,

conduct conferences, environmental structure.

Celebrate

-Create on-going opportunities for students to share

process and final products.


Math science projects
Math & Science Projects

  • Stairs Project: slope, equation of a line

  • Cookie Project: multi-step equations, point of equilibrium, TOV

  • Postcard Project: estimating profit, price-setting, supply & demand, equations

  • Mural Project: scale, ratios, proportions


Medium prep raft activities
Medium Prep: RAFT Activities

  • Acronym: Role, Audience, Format & Topic

  • Students take on a particular role, develop a product for a specified audience in a particular format and on a topic that gets right at the heart of what matters most in a particular lesson.


Raft examples
RAFT: examples

  • Role: Student Reporter at Copenhagen Summit

  • Audience: Congress

  • Format: Email

  • Topic: Climate Change

  • Role: Polar Bear

  • Audience: Congress

  • Format: Twitter

  • Topic: Climate Change


Low prep action steps
Low Prep Action Steps

  • Activate and build background

  • Pre-teach vocabulary

  • Include words and visuals in your lessons

  • Most students are not auditory, so write down what you say.

  • Provide a graphic organizer and/or guided notes whenever possible


Low prep action steps1
Low Prep Action Steps

  • Offer students time and tools to process ideas (every 7-15 minutes)

  • Integrate a way for students to express themselves other than writing (draw, teach, give analogy, etc)

  • Give directions in manageable chunks


Workshop collaboration application
Workshop: collaboration & application

  • What might a PACE Project (or medium or low prep action) look like in your classroom?

    • During a lesson, unit or course?



Resources
Resources:

  • Fulfilling the Promise of the Differentiated Classroom by Carol Ann Tomlinson

  • Winning Strategies for Classroom Management by Carol Cummings

  • PowerPoint and related hand-outs available at www.rememberit.org