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The Effects of Bottled Water on the Environments. Oyin Popoola Walden University Instructor – Patrick Tschida PUBH 6165, October 2011. Expected Learning Outcome of this Presentation includes:. The safety of tap water The environmental effects and risks of consuming bottled water

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the effects of bottled water on the environments

The Effects of Bottled Water on the Environments

OyinPopoola

Walden University

Instructor – Patrick Tschida

PUBH 6165, October 2011

expected learning outcome of this presentation includes
Expected Learning Outcome of this Presentation includes:
  • The safety of tap water
  • The environmental effects and risks of consuming bottled water
  • The regulations on the safety of both tap water and bottled water
  • Reasons to desist from drinking bottled water and spread the message
how is tap water treated to make it safe
How Is Tap Water TreatedTo Make It Safe?

The Processes involves serial water treatments that includes:

-Coagulation ( Flocculation and Sedimentation)

-Filtration

_ Disinfection

bottled water is
Bottled Water is:
  • Expensive
  • Wasteful
  • Contributes to Environmental Hazards
  • Contaminates the water quality
bottled water contaminates the water quality
Bottled Water Contaminates the Water Quality
  • Bottled water contains disinfecting byproducts, fertilizer residue, and pain medication
  • Bottled water also contains chemicals, like arsenic and solvent toluene, both have been tied to health risks.
  • Some of the contaminants apparently came from pollutants, and others probably leached from plastic bottles.
bottled water contaminates the environments
Bottled Water Contaminates the Environments
  • Wastes Managements
  • Drains fossil fuels
  • The plastics accumulates in our oceans causing pollutions and risks to the sea animals
bottled water is risky to health
Bottled Water is Risky to Health
  • Contains phthalates which disrupts body hormones, and benzene that is believed to cause cancer
  • Some bottled water brand were found to contain chemicals that increases the growth of breast cancer cells.
  • Documented from CDC to have caused waterborne diseases
bottled water regulations
Bottled Water Regulations
  • Bottled Water is regulated by Food and Drug Administration, FDA, their rules are not strict and lacks regulatory authority unlike the EPA
  • Bottled Water Industries are not required to disclose to the public the results of any contaminants found in any conducted test, the source of the water and the treatments of the water plants
advantages of tap water over bottled water
Advantages of Tap Water over Bottled Water
  • Tested for several times a day but tested once a week for the bottled water
  • Federal regulations to filter and disinfect but the State only delegate regulations for bottled water with no meaningful programs
  • Tap water is cheaper and almost free from contaminants because of its regulated maintenance and treatments
list of further readings
List of Further Readings
  • The effects of Bottled Water on the Environment. Read, Learn and Know about Bottled Water. Retrieved from www.allaboutwater.org/environment.html
  • The Water Health series: Bottled Water Basics from the United States Environmental Protection Agency - Learn the Issues about Drinking Water. Retrieved from www.water.epa.gov/aboutow/ogwdw
  • Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition Outreach and Information Center . Retrieved from www.cfsan.fda.gov
  • International Bottled Water Association . Retrieved from www.bottledwater.org and ibwainfo@bottledwater.org
conclusion
Conclusion
  • I hope this presentation is meaningful and educative enough to motivate us to desist from drinking bottled water.
  • Aside from the cost, its not environmental friendly, and does not have a strict regulations to adhere to which is harmful to our health.
reference
Reference:
  • Ahmad, M., & Bajahlan, A. (2009). Quality comparison of tap water vs. bottled water in the industrial city of Yanbu (Saudi Arabia). Environmental Monitoring And Assessment, 159(1-4), 1-14. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
  • Blumenfield, J & Leah, S. 2007. The real Cost of Bottled Water. San Francisco Gate Articles. Retrieved on October 2,2011from www.aricles.sfgate.com/2007/0218/opinion/17232293_1_bottled _water_container_recycling_institute
  • Chris Baskind.2010.5 Reasons not to Drink Bottled Water. Mother Nature Network. Retrieved on October 14,2011 from www.mnn.com/food/healthy-eating/stories/5-reasons-not-to-drink-bottledwater
  • National Resources Defense Council. Bottled Water. Retrieved on September 29, 2011 from www.nrdc.org/water/drinking/qbw.asp

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reference1
Reference:
  • Smith Alex. 2008. Cancer - Linked Contaminants found in Bottled Water. Environmental Working Group. Retrieved on October 10,2011 from www.treehugger.com/files/2008/10/chemicals-in-bottled-water.php
  • United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2009. Water on Tap: What you need to know. Retrieved on October 1,2011 from www.epa.gov/ogwdw/wot/pdfs/book-waterontap-full.pdf
  • United States Food and Drug Administration. February/March 2002 Ask the Regulators - Bottled Water Regulation and the FDA. Retrieved on October 15,2011 from www.fda.gov/Food/Foodsafety/Product-SpecificInformation/BottledwaterCarbonatedSoftDrinks/ucm077079.htm.
  • Ward, L., Cain, O., Mullally, R., Holliday, K., Wernham, A., Baillie, P., & Greenfield, S. (2009). Health Beliefs About Bottled Water: A Qualitative Study. BMC Public Health, 9196. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.