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The World of the Old Testament

The World of the Old Testament

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The World of the Old Testament

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  1. Old Testament The World of the Old Testament © John Stevenson, 2013 Maps by David P. Barrett, used by permission

  2. Course Objectives • Explain the general content, overall message, and flow of thought for each book of the Old Testament. • Interpret the Old Testament in light of its historical and redemptive context. • Explain the nature of revelation as progressive and rooted in history. • Apply the newly acquired material to your ministries, Bible studies, sermon preparation, and daily lives.

  3. Textbook A Survey of the Old Testament: The Bible Jesus Used. John Stevenson Hollywood, FL: Redeemer, 2008

  4. Grade Scale • In Class Memorization Quizzes: • Take Home Open book Quizzes: • Research/Bible Study/Sermon Papers: • Final Exam: 10% 30% 30% 30%

  5. What is the “Bible?”

  6. How do we know the right books are in the Bible?

  7. Canonicity refers to the church’s recognition of the authority of the inspired writings.

  8. Josephus "For we have not an innumerable multitude of books among us, disagreeing from and contradicting one another [as the Greeks have], but only twenty-two books, which contain the records of all the past times; which are justly believed to be divine...(Contra Apion 1:8).

  9. Josephus "It is true, our history has been written since Artaxerxes, very peculiarly, but has not been esteemed of the like authority with the former by our forefathers, because there has not been an exact succession of prophets since that time." (Contra Apion 1:8).

  10. English Old Testament Pentateuch Historical Books Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther Poetic Books Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Prophetic Books Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

  11. Hebrew Bible Torah Prophets(Nabi’im) Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, The Twelve (Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi) Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Writings(Kethuvim) Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Song of Solomon, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra-Nehemiah, Chronicles,

  12. Can our copies of the Bible be trusted? The Textual Question

  13. Original Manuscript Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy Copy

  14. Qumran Caves

  15. The Science of Interpretation Hermeneutics

  16. Fundamental Questions in Hermeneutics • What did it mean to the original characters of the narrative? • What did it mean to the author? • What did it mean to the original recipients?

  17. Israelites Moses Bible Readers Today

  18. Fundamental Questions in Hermeneutics • What did it mean to the original characters of the narrative? • What did it mean to the author? • What did it mean to the original recipients? • What does it mean in light of New Testament revelation?

  19. The World of the Old Testament

  20. Fertile Crescent

  21. Mesopotamia Egypt

  22. Hatti Mesopotamia Egypt

  23. Hatti Mesopotamia Land Bridge DESERT Egypt

  24. Hittites Assyria Egypt  Babylon Israel

  25. Hittites Assyria Aram Phoenicia  Babylon Israel Egypt

  26. The Coastal Plain • Central Mountain Range • Jordan Rift Valley

  27. The Coastal Plain • Central Mountain Range • Jordan Rift Valley

  28. The Coastal Plain • Central Mountain Range • Jordan Rift Valley

  29. The Coastal Plain • Central Mountain Range • Jordan Rift Valley • Trans Jordan

  30. Jezreel

  31. The Valley of Jezreel Jezreel

  32. The Valley of Jezreel • The Yarmuk River Gilead

  33. The Valley of Jezreel • The Yarmuk River • The Jabbok River Gilead

  34. The Valley of Jezreel • The Yarmuk River • The Jabbok River Gilead • The Arnon River Moab

  35. Major Roads • The King’s Highway Megiddo • The Way of the Sea (the Way of the Philistines) Jericho 

  36. Climate of Canaan • Mediterranean Climate • Dependent upon winter rains • Early Rains: October • Later Rains: April

  37. Eastern Thinking Eastern versus Western Thinking Western Thinking Individualism Collectivism Right / Wrong Honor / Shame Time Oriented Timeliness Oriented Rules Relationship

  38. What are the Overarching themes of the Pentateuch? Small Group Project

  39. What is the Big Idea of the Old Testament? What is the Big Idea of the New Testament?

  40. The Old Testament Story

  41. Pre-History Creation Fall Flood Tower of Babel Genesis 1 - 11

  42. Old Testament History 2000 - 1500 1500 - 1000 1000 - 500 Exodus and Sinai Judges Kings of Israel and Judah Return Period of the Patriarchs Torah Historical Books Poetic Books Prophetic Books