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Old Testament. The World of the Old Testament. © John Stevenson, 2013. Maps by David P. Barrett, used by permission. Course Objectives. Explain the general content, overall message, and flow of thought for each book of the Old Testament.

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the world of the old testament

Old Testament

The World of the

Old Testament

© John Stevenson, 2013

Maps by David P. Barrett, used by permission

course objectives
Course Objectives
  • Explain the general content, overall message, and flow of thought for each book of the Old Testament.
  • Interpret the Old Testament in light of its historical and redemptive context.
  • Explain the nature of revelation as progressive and rooted in history.
  • Apply the newly acquired material to your ministries, Bible studies, sermon preparation, and daily lives.
textbook

Textbook

A Survey of the Old Testament: The Bible Jesus Used.

John Stevenson

Hollywood, FL: Redeemer, 2008

grade scale
Grade Scale
  • In Class Memorization Quizzes:
  • Take Home Open book Quizzes:
  • Research/Bible Study/Sermon Papers:
  • Final Exam:

10%

30%

30%

30%

canonicity refers to the church s recognition of the authority of the inspired writings
Canonicity refers to the church’s recognition of the authority of the inspired writings.
josephus

Josephus

"For we have not an innumerable multitude of books among us, disagreeing from and contradicting one another [as the Greeks have], but only twenty-two books, which contain the records of all the past times; which are justly believed to be divine...(Contra Apion 1:8).

josephus9

Josephus

"It is true, our history has been written since Artaxerxes, very peculiarly, but has not been esteemed of the like authority with the former by our forefathers, because there has not been an exact succession of prophets since that time." (Contra Apion 1:8).

pentateuch

English Old Testament

Pentateuch

Historical Books

Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther

Poetic Books

Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

Prophetic Books

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi

torah

Hebrew Bible

Torah

Prophets(Nabi’im)

Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, The Twelve (Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi)

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

Writings(Kethuvim)

Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Song of Solomon, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra-Nehemiah, Chronicles,

slide13

Original Manuscript

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slide14

Qumran

Caves

fundamental questions in hermeneutics
Fundamental Questions in Hermeneutics
  • What did it mean to the original characters of the narrative?
  • What did it mean to the author?
  • What did it mean to the original recipients?
slide20

Israelites

Moses

Bible

Readers Today

fundamental questions in hermeneutics21
Fundamental Questions in Hermeneutics
  • What did it mean to the original characters of the narrative?
  • What did it mean to the author?
  • What did it mean to the original recipients?
  • What does it mean in light of New Testament revelation?
slide22

The World of the

Old Testament

slide26

Hatti

Mesopotamia

Egypt

slide27

Hatti

Mesopotamia

Land

Bridge

DESERT

Egypt

slide28

Hittites

Assyria

Egypt

 Babylon

Israel

slide29

Hittites

Assyria

Aram

Phoenicia

 Babylon

Israel

Egypt

slide30

The Coastal Plain

  • Central Mountain Range
  • Jordan Rift Valley
slide31

The Coastal Plain

  • Central Mountain Range
  • Jordan Rift Valley
slide32

The Coastal Plain

  • Central Mountain Range
  • Jordan Rift Valley
slide33

The Coastal Plain

  • Central Mountain Range
  • Jordan Rift Valley
  • Trans Jordan
slide37

The Valley of Jezreel

  • The Yarmuk River

Gilead

slide39

The Valley of Jezreel

  • The Yarmuk River
  • The Jabbok River

Gilead

slide41

The Valley of Jezreel

  • The Yarmuk River
  • The Jabbok River

Gilead

  • The Arnon River

Moab

slide43

Major Roads

  • The King’s Highway

Megiddo

  • The Way of the Sea (the Way of the Philistines)

Jericho

climate of canaan
Climate of Canaan
  • Mediterranean Climate
  • Dependent upon winter rains
    • Early Rains: October
    • Later Rains: April
eastern thinking
Eastern Thinking

Eastern versus Western Thinking

Western Thinking

Individualism

Collectivism

Right / Wrong

Honor / Shame

Time Oriented

Timeliness Oriented

Rules

Relationship

what is the big idea of the old testament
What is the Big Idea of the Old Testament?

What is the Big Idea of the New Testament?

creation

Pre-History

Creation

Fall

Flood

Tower of Babel

Genesis 1 - 11

2000 1500

Old Testament History

2000 - 1500

1500 - 1000

1000 - 500

Exodus and Sinai

Judges

Kings of Israel and Judah

Return

Period of the Patriarchs

Torah

Historical Books

Poetic Books

Prophetic Books

slide51

A Covenantal History

Creation Covenant

But like Adam they have transgressed the covenant;

There they have dealt treacherously against Me. (Hosea 6:7)

God gives a land

slide52

A Covenantal History

Creation Covenant

Adamic Covenant

Noahic Covenant

Abrahamic Covenant

God gives a land

Promise of a land

Renewal of the land

Salvation promise

slide53

A Covenantal History

Mosaic Covenant

Davidic Covenant

Removal

from the

Land

New Covenant

Return to

to the

Land

King dies for His kingdom

Blessings & cursings in the land

King over the land

indeed as i live all the earth will be filled with the glory of the lord numbers 14 21
Indeed, as I live, all the earth will be filled with the glory of the Lord (Numbers 14:21).

If I be lifted up from the earth

  • A People
  • A Land
  • A Nation
  • A King
  • All People
  • The World
  • All Nations
  • The King

Creation

Re-Creation

I will draw all men to myself

John 12:32

  • The Temple
  • The Vine
  • The Servant
  • The Seed

T.J. Campo