medieval africa
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Medieval Africa

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 22

Medieval Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 130 Views
  • Uploaded on

Medieval Africa. Addressing the California Seventh-Grade Standards Laura J. Mitchell History Department, UCI [email protected] From Human Origins to Complex Societies. Domestication of livestock +/- 10,000 ybp Domestication of agriculture (crops) +/- 8,000 ybp

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Medieval Africa' - balin


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
medieval africa

Medieval Africa

Addressing the California

Seventh-Grade Standards

Laura J. Mitchell

History Department, UCI

[email protected]

from human origins to complex societies
From Human Origins to Complex Societies
  • Domestication of livestock

+/- 10,000 ybp

  • Domestication of agriculture (crops)

+/- 8,000 ybp

  • Iron working technologies

+/- 4,500 ybp

  • Increasing population concentration
major social linguistic groups
Major Social/Linguistic Groups
  • Khoisan
    • (Bushmen; !Kung)
  • Niger-Congo
    • (Bantu)
  • Nilo-Saharan
    • (Masaai)
  • Afro-Asiatic
    • (Ethiopian, Berber)

Afro-Asiatic

Afro-Asiatic

Niger-Congo

Nilo-Saharan

Khoisan

khoisan tradition
Khoisan Tradition
  • Gathering and hunting economies
  • Small, nomadic groups
  • Small, round houses
  • No hereditary leadership
  • Music & dance: single rhythmic beat
    • Stringed instruments; emphasize dance footwork
  • Rock art
  • Trance dancing
  • Non-theistic beliefs

[!Kung, /Xam, Nama]

afro asiatic tradition
Afro-Asiatic Tradition
  • Earliest wild grain collectors
  • Clan-based communities
  • Clan diety worship
  • Rectangular houses; flat or sloping roof
  • Music: single melody & rhythm
    • Stringed instruments; no drums
  • Dance: swaying body; various footwork

[Ethiopian, Berber]

nilo saharan tradition
Nilo-Saharan Tradition
  • Fishing in addition to hunting & gathering
  • Stone blades and spears
  • Non-theistic beliefs

[Masaai]

niger congo tradition
Niger-Congo Tradition
  • Fishing technology; yam cultivation
    • Hook and line; baskets
  • Clan based; matrilineal
  • Hereditary clan chief
  • Compact village; rectangular houses
  • Skilled crafts: weaving, pottery, wood carving
  • Music and dance
    • Percussion, polyrhythmic
  • Polytheistic religion

[Bantu: Mande, Swahili, Zulu]

bantu migration
Bantu Migration
  • Bantu language family
  • Niger-Congo tradition
  • Hypothesis of population movement based on linguistics
examples of early state formation
Examples of Early State Formation
  • Pharaonic Egypt
  • Nubia
  • Aksum
  • Djenne-Jeno
slide15
Pharaonic Egypt

Nubia

Djenne-Jeno

Aksum

nubia
Nubia
  • Kush 730 BC conquered Egypt
  • Napata 600 BC retreat from Egypt
    • Assyrian armies conquered Egypt
  • Meroe 300 BC to +/- 100 AD
    • Technology migration @ collapse?
aksum 200 bc 800 ad
Aksum 200 BC-800 AD
  • Written language: Ge’ez
  • Stone construction
    • stelae
  • Centralized power
  • Hierarchical society
  • Plants: ‘tef, ensete, coffee
  • Trade: port of Adulis

Afro-Asiatic Tradition

djenne jeno 200 bc 1400 ad
Djenne-Jeno200 BC - 1400 AD
  • Ancient City
  • Complex society
  • Trade & Agriculture
  • Pre-Islamic

Niger-Congo Tradition

djenne jeno 200 bc 1400 ad1
Djenne-Jeno200 BC - 1400 AD
  • 1600 years of occupation
  • Indigenous growth of trade
  • Social complexity
  • Economic specialization
  • Not coercive/centralized
  • Mande speakers

Niger-Congo Tradition

elements of civilizations based on european assumptions
Elements of Civilizations(Based on European Assumptions)
  • Plough
  • Grain surplus/storage
  • Literacy
  • Complexification v. Centralization
  • Economic specialization

African examples challenge these assumptions

in significant ways!

environmental factors
Environmental Factors
  • Water
  • River floods
  • Source of wood/fuel
    • Especially for iron smelting
  • Tropical locations
    • Disease implications
rise of cities
Rise of Cities
  • Social stratification
    • What kind? What classes?
  • Trade
    • What goods? What trading partners?
  • Ideology
    • religion
  • Art & Architecture
  • Cities v. Citadels
ad