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Literature Review Tutorial. January 31 st , 2014 CRM4304. Reminder… What is a literature review?. Analyzes a body of literature Organizes this body of literature by themes or categories

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literature review tutorial

Literature Review Tutorial

January 31st, 2014


reminder what is a literature review
Reminder…What is a literature review?
  • Analyzes a body of literature
  • Organizes this body of literature by themes or categories
  • Presents the research and the ideas on the topic rather than individual work or an individual author by itself
  • The goal is to situate your topic among previous and current research on the subject (my translation,
how to go about writing a literature review
How to go about writing a literature review
  • Step 1 : Find articles
  • Step 2: Summarize/Synthetize each document
  • Step 3: Identify what each document brings to the topic in general
  • Step 4: Make links between the articles/documents you’ve read
  • Step 5: Present and organize the articles (different ways of doing this, for this class, the prof wants you to organize it by theme)
one way of doing it
One way of doing it….

Source: Manuel des sciences sociales, Campenhoudt & Quivy

2 options

- Make a grid for each article where you insert the main ideas and number them so that you can refer to directly to your notes

- Make a grid for all your articles, present the main idea of each article and this will make it easier/quicker to organize your literature at the end.

finding good sources source manuel des sciences sociales campenhoudt quivy
Finding “good” sourcesSource: Manuel des sciences sociales, Campenhoudt & Quivy
  • Start with a solid research question (this will make sure you don’t lose track of what it is you are looking for)
  • Try to avoid the really long articles/books unless you know they are essential to your topic/ research question
  • Look for articles that don’t only present the findings but that analyze and interpret these findings
  • Try to find articles that study your phenomenon/topic from different angles ( this will help you identify what the literature says and does not say)
finding appropriate sources
Finding appropriate sources
  • For this class…
    • Peer reviewed articles
    • Qualitative (avoid quantitative sources such as psych. Articles)
    • Must have been published between 2000- now
a few other things
A few other things…
  • Identify the type of data that is used (i.e. ethnographic for example) this might be helpful in organizing your lit. review
  • In the guidelines, Dr. Landry indicated that she wants you to find 4 articles “that will address the qualitative methodological approach you are planning to use”
    • If you plan on doing content analysis for example, this does not mean go find four articles that talk about content analysis as a methodological approach
    • Find articles on your topic, in which authors have used the same approach you plan on using!
    • So if you are planning on doing the content analysis of a show, chances are that you will not be the first person to do this!
a few other things1
A few other things…
  • One last tip…
    • Be clear and concise in what you are saying
    • Avoid using sentences like “In his article [insert title], John Smith discusses…” or “John Smith identifies the theme of poverty in his article [insert title]”
    • Dr. Landry DOES NOT want this. It comes off as space filler
    • She would prefer something like “The theme of poverty ([APA SOURCE], ex. Smith, 2014; 5) is prevalent …”
  • Take 10-15 minutes to go over the abstracts and identify the main ideas
  • Get into small groups and figure out how you would organize these abstracts if you had to write a literature review
  • Chances are the answers won’t be the same even though we all read the same thing!