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Rise of Totalitarian Regimes. Totalitarianism People are forced to do what the government tells them prevent from leaving the country Seeks to control not only all economic and political matters but the attitudes, values and beliefs of its population.

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Totalitarianism

People are forced to do what the government tells them

prevent from leaving the country

Seeks to control not only all economic and political matters but the attitudes, values and beliefs of its population.

This is a country with only one political party. ex. Soviet Union under Stalin, Nazi Germany and the People's Republic of China.

Regime

A system or rule of government

Dictator:

a ruler who assumes full and absolute power

What is a monarchy?

Ruling by king or queen

by the mid 1930 s dictators had seized control in several countries
By the mid 1930’s dictators had seized control in several countries

Soviet Union- Stalin

Italy- Mussolini

Germany- Hitler

Japan- Emperor Hirohito Prime Minister (in

charge of war) Hideki Tojo

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Why were they able to gain power?

  • No established form of government or unstable
  • Germany is outcast, bitter, poor

WWI issues not resolved

Japan and Italy dissatisfied with treaties

European economies in ruin

Mass unemployment

Citizens looking for help

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ITALY-BENITO MUSSOLINI

1922- Benito Mussolini becomes dictator of Italy’s new fascist, totalitarian government. Took title “Il Duce” “The Leader”

Fascism- political movement that Mussolini began that is an extreme form of patriotism and nationalism that is often linked to racism

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GERMANY- ADOLF HITLER

Hitler Youth Rally

National Socialism (common short form Nazism) It was a political movement in Germany. It started in the 1920s. Nazism is a form of fascism. based on an idea that the Aryan race was better than all others had the greatest ability to survive (Social Darwinism)_

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U.S.S.R- STALIN

Union of Soviet SocialistRepublics

Joseph Stalin- took power in 1924, the government tried to control every aspect of life. Crushed any form of opposition

COMMUNISM - It provides its people's healthcare, education and welfare. In a country, the government own property such as businesses and farms.

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Japan

Adopted Militarism

Huge growth to world power after industrialization –(resources,colonization)

Hideki Tojo became Prime Minister (in charge of War) eventually gained virtual dictatorial powers

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Who have totalitarian regimes?

Germany and Italy

What is the opposite of dictatorship?

DEMOCRACY

What is a monarchy?

Ruled by king

Who’s Italy’s Leader

Mussolini

USSR

Stalin

Germany

Hitler