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Unit 3 - Deixis. University of Lleida. Faculty of Arts. Describing and Using English Yasmina Mortés Alba 2 nd year Degree in English 17/01/2011. Deixis: definition. Deixis

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unit 3 deixis

Unit 3 - Deixis

University of Lleida. Faculty of Arts.

Describing and Using English

Yasmina Mortés Alba

2nd year Degree in English

17/01/2011

deixis definition
Deixis: definition
  • Deixis
    • Phenomenon of the language which consists on referring to a piece of reality by using a word whose meaning can only be guessed when both speaker and addressee are sharing the same context.
      • Example: Would you mind leaving this room now,

please?

        • You, now and this are deictics.
deixis components
Deixis: components
  • Deictics / Indexicals
    • Words whose meaning depend on the context where the speaker and the addressee are located.
      • Personal pronouns
      • Possessives
      • Locative & temporal adverbs
      • Demonstratives
reference definition
Reference: definition
  • Reference
    • The act of matching a word with the piece of reality that designates.
    • Relating a word with the object that designates.
the concept of anaphora
The concept of anaphora
  • Anaphora
    • When a non-deictic word that names an object comes before a deictic that also refers to that piece of reality / object.
      • Example: Mary’s marks are high. So, she is a good

student.

        • Mary (non-deictic word and referent), she (deictic).
the concept of cataphora
The concept of cataphora
  • Cataphora
    • When the deictic appears before that non-deictic (“more specific”) word that designates that object.
      • Example:She is a good student because Mary has

always loved learning.

        • She (deictic) and Mary (non-deictic word and referent).
gestural and symbolic deixis
Gestural and symbolic deixis
  • Gestural deixis
    • Pointing at something.
  • Symbolic deixis:
    • Temporal & spatial circumstances are important.
types of deixis
Types of deixis
  • I) Person deixis
    • Pronouns (I, you, we…)
    • Possessives (Your, our, their…)
  • II) Place deixis
    • Demonstratives (This/these: proximal. That/those: distal).
    • Adverbs (Here/there).
    • Verbs (Come/go;Take/bring).
  • III) Time deixis
    • Adverbs (Yesterday, tomorrow, now…).
    • Adjectives (Next).
  • Example: Would you mind leaving this room now, please?

(type I) (type II) (type III)

end of the presentation
End of the presentation
  • Thanks for your attention!