Chpt. 19: Genetic Engineering. What is genetic engineering??? Genetic engineering: is the artificial manipulation or alteration of genes. Genetic Engineering involves: removing a gene (target gene) from one organism inserting target gene into DNA of another organism
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Recombinant DNA: the altered DNA is called recombinant DNA ( recombines after small section of DNA inserted into it).
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO): is the organism with the altered DNA.
There is a growing trend to experiment with inserting human genes into the DNA of other mammals. The transgenic animals formed in this way will then produce a human protein and secrete it into their milk or even into their eggs.