Hazardous Materials Communication Program(Employee Right-to-Know)
History • Issued by OSHA November 25, 1983. • First issued for companies in SIC codes 20-39. • Applies to manufacturers and importers.
Hazardous Material Defined • Any material that, because of its quantity, concentration, or physical or chemical characteristics, may pose a substantial hazard to human health or the environment when incorrectly used, purposefully released, or accidentally spilled.
What Makes a Substance Hazardous ? • A material is considered hazardous if it exhibits any of the following characteristics beyond predefined levels Toxicity Reactivity Ignitability Corrosivity Bioaccummulative
Mixture Rule • If a mixture has not been tested as a whole, the mixture is assumed to present the same health hazards of hazardous ingredients which compromise more than one percent (0.01) of the whole. • A mixture is considered to be a carcinogen if any component in concentrations of 0.10 %, or greater are carcinogenic.
Categories • Acids • Adhesives • Alkalies/Bases/Caustics • Cleaning compounds • Compressed gases • Corrosion preventive compounds
Categories • Detergents/Soaps • Greases • Hydraulic fluids • Solvents (hydrocarbons) • Lubricants/oils • Paints
Categories • Water treatment chemicals • Oxidizers • Fuels • Heavy metals • Batteries • Pesticides
Materials NOT Included • Pharmaceutical supplies • Medical wastes & infectious materials • Bulk fuels • Radioactive materials • Consumer products • Food and food additives • Booze
Employee Rights • The right to receive information regarding hazardous substances. • Your physician or collective bargaining agent may also receive this same information. • Review new or revised MSDS within 30 days of receipt and prior to using those materials.
Scope • Manufacturers must properly label hazardous materials & provide Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for each hazardous material produced • The hazardous materials user-- • Must be familiar with hazards & precautions • Must be familiar with MSDSs • Must use and understand hazardous materials labels
Original Container Labels • Manufacturer must provide shipper/handler/user with information on hazardous materials • Every container of hazardous materials must be labeled • Label requirements-- • Identity of material or chemical • Name & address of manufacturer or responsible party • Appropriate hazard warning • Target organ
Secondary Containers • If hazardous material is dispensed into an unmarked container, the container must be labeled with the following information: • Identity of material or chemical • Appropriate hazard warning
Hazardous Material Information Guide (HMIG) • Acuity’s system for labeling? • Replaces illegible and/or damaged labels • Labels for secondary containers
Wallet Card • Quick reference guide • Icon depiction of PPE • Letters refer to groups of needed PPE
Hazardous Material Information Guide (HMIG) • Color code identifies the hazard Blue = Health Hazard Red = Flammability Yellow = Reactivity White = Special Hazard Information • Numerical rating identifies severity 0 - no hazard, 4 - most severe hazard
Sulfur Dioxide 3 3 Sulfur Dioxide 0 Rhone-Poulenc Basic Chemicals Co. 0 0 July 4, 2000 K 0 K HMIG Label
Other Warning Systems • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 704M diamond • Department of Transportation (DOT) Labels Note: NFPA and DOT labels may NOT be used as stand-alone labeling systems, but may be used in conjunction with other labeling systems
NFPA Label • Designed for emergency personnel • Represents the "worst" of what is in the storagearea • Does not provide specific chemical names or quantities
DOT Warning System DOT uses a system of • Numbers • Labels • Symbols, and • Classes to identify the hazardous material and its hazardous characteristics System is used for shipping of hazardous materials
DOT Classes • Class 1 - Explosive • Class 2 - Gases • Class 3 - Flammable liquids • Class 4 - Flammable solids • Class 5 - Oxidizers • Class 6 - Poisons • Class 7 - Radioactive • Class 8 - Corrosives • Class 9 - Miscellaneous
MSDS • Technical bulletins containing information about the hazardous material • Contain at a minimum the following information: • Identity of material • Hazardous ingredients • Physical and chemical characteristics
MSDS Information • Physical hazards (fire, explosion, reactivity) • Health hazards (routes of entry, exposure limits, and cancer potential) • Precautions for safe handling & use • Emergency first aid procedures • MSDS preparation date • Name, address & phone number of chemical manufacturer, importer, employer who can provide additional information
MSDS Requirements • Maintained for every item of hazardous material in the work area • Readily accessible to personnel who use hazardous materials • Supervisors provide instruction in understanding and use • All personnel trained on dangers and precautions of hazardous materials prior to use
SuperintendentsSupervisors • Ensure PPE available for hazardous material operations and personnel trained on use • Make personnel available to receive hazardous material training • Ensure use of approved storage containers
SuperintendentsSupervisors • Provide control and management of the hazardous materials • Maintain MSDS • Ensure personnel are trained • Ensure hazardous materials are labeled when dispensed into other containers
All Staff • Properly use and handle hazardous materials • Report spills to supervisor • Label hazardous materials when dispensed into other containers
General Requirements • Handle incompatible materials in separate compartments to prevent mixing • Never mix incompatible materials in the same collection containers • Avoid breathing vapors or dust from hazardous materials • Avoid contact with eyes and skin
General Requirements • Do not smoke, eat, or drink where hazardous materials are used • Use appropriate PPE • Use appropriately selected & fitted respirator
Storage Materials normally thought to be safe may become hazardous under certain conditions. When containers leak or are heated, chemical reactions may result, leading to fire, explosion, or release of toxic reaction products.
Determining Storage Requirements • Is the hazardous material compatible with other chemicals? • What is the hazard classification? • Oxidizer, acid, flammable, base, etc. • Any special storage requirements on MSDS? • What is the flash point of the material?
Storage Requirements • Hazardous materials storage locations must be posted with caution signs • Ensure lockers and cabinets used for in-use flammable storage labeled
Storage Requirements • Storage areas must be properly marked • Do not transfer material to any container used for a different material • Some materials might be incompatible! • Store incompatible materials in separate compartments to prevent mixing if spilled
Storage Requirements • Store hazardous materials in compatible containers • No corrosives in metal drums! • Stack containers so as to avoid crushing lower containers, or access difficulty • Do not eat, smoke, or drink in storage locations
Storage Requirements • No open flames or other ignitions sources in storage areas • Use only explosion-proof devices in potentially explosive environments • Maintain explosion-proof fixtures in proper condition • Seal & protect containers against physical damage