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Washington Laboratories, Ltd. www.wll.com 301 417-0220. Regulations for Product Compliance Triway Jiangsu Delegation June 2009. 欢迎光临!. Washington Laboratories is a full-service testing and Certification lab. Offices in China: 北京 台北市 深圳市 上 海 Working in and with China since 1999.

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washington laboratories ltd www wll com 301 417 0220

Washington Laboratories, Ltd.www.wll.com301 417-0220

Regulations

for Product Compliance Triway Jiangsu Delegation

June 2009

slide2
欢迎光临!

Washington Laboratories is a full-service testing and Certification lab.

Offices in China:

北京

台北市

深圳市

上海

Working in and with China since 1999

wl product testing specialties
WL Product Testing Specialties
  • Radio Frequency Testing
  • Electromagnetic
  • Product Safety
  • Machinery
  • Environmental
overview
Overview
  • Legal Compliance Overview
  • Regulations & Requirements
    • Electronics
    • Machinery
compliance is a multi disciplinarian world
“Compliance” is a Multi-Disciplinarian World
  • Protection of People and Services
  • Health and Safety
    • Electrical and Mechanical
  • Spectrum & Communications
  • Environmental Protection
    • Air & Water
simplified regulatory structure in us
Simplified Regulatory Structure in US

Federal Government

States

Communications

Health, Safety & Environment

National Defense

International Agreements

Building & Construction

City/Local Authorities

Manufacturers

Inspectors

Public

north american safety requirements
North American Safety Requirements

Product Liability/Lawsuits

Customer / Contractual Requirements

OSHA (CFR 1910.399) requires electrical equipment used in the workplace to be NRTL Listed

National Electric Code requires NRTL listing of telecom products

u s regulatory authorities for safety
U.S. REGULATORY AUTHORITIES for Safety
    • Workplace Safety
  • Local Inspection Authorities
    • State
    • County
    • Local Municipality
maryland local authority
Maryland Local Authority
  • Maryland Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation, Division of Labor and Industry
    • Safety Inspection includes elevator/escalator
  • Inspection by Licensed Professionals
  • Enforcement by local inspectors
authority for inspection and maintenance
Authority for Inspection and Maintenance
  • Elevator Safety Review Board
    • Elevator Mechanic
      • 3 Years of Documented Experience
      • Pass the Mechanic Exam from the National Elevator Industry Educational Program
      • Completed Apprenticeship Program
      • Approved and Accredited Training Program(s)
u s regulatory authorities for radio communications
U.S. REGULATORY AUTHORITIES for Radio Communications
  • Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
    • Control use and protection of Radio Frequency Services for Public
  • National Telecommunications and Information Administration
electromagnetic compatibility
Electromagnetic Compatibility
  • Radiated and conducted interference
    • Conducted Interference Enters and Exits Equipment through Wiring and Cabling
    • Radiated Interference Enters and Exits Equipment through Wiring and Enclosure Penetration

Radiated Emissions

Noise

Your Equipment

Conducted Susceptibility

Conducted Emissions

environmental
Environmental

Americans discard over 100 million computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices each year

An estimated 60 million PCs

have already been buried in

US landfills

Between 2004 and 2009,

250 million computers will

become obsolete or

136,000 computers a day

Electronic waste is accumulating almost 3 times faster than ordinary household trash

slide14
USA

31 states already have some regulations for restricting substances or for electronics recycling requirements

California: Electronic Waste Recycling Act of 2003 which provides for collecting and recycling of computers and TVs. Proposition 65. New energy efficiency standards for certain electronic products. Materials ban SB20 takes effect 1/2007.

State by state list of RoHS\WEEE type requirements at http://www.newark.com/services/rohs/index.html.

ce ce marking
CECE MARKING
  • CE Marking is for European Union
      • EMC Directive
      • Low Voltage Directive (Safety)
      • Machinery Directive (Safety)
      • Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Directive (R&TTE)
      • Medical Device Directive
  • Self-Declaration allowed for many products
  • Emissions, Immunity, Product Safety (and Spectrum Compliance) for CE Marking
new approach directives
New Approach Directives
  • Low voltage equipment (73/23/EEC, amendment 93/68/EEC)
  • Simple pressure vessels (87/404/EEC, amendments 90/488/EEC and 93/68/EEC)
  • Toys (88/378/EEC, amendment 93/68/EEC)
  • Electromagnetic compatibility (89/336/EEC, amendments 92/31/EEC and 93/68/EEC)
  • Machinery (98/37/EC, amendment 98/79/EC)
  • Personal protective equipment (89/686/EEC, amendments 93/68/EEC, 93/95/EEC and 96/58/EC)
  • Non-automatic weighing instruments (90/384/EEC, amendment 93/68/EEC)
  • Active implantable medical devices (90/385/EEC, amendments 93/42/EEC and 93/68/EEC)
  • Gas appliances (90/396/EEC, amendment 93/68/EEC)
  • Hot water boilers (92/42/EEC, amendment 93/68/EEC)
  • Civil explosives (93/15/EEC)
  • Medical devices (93/42/EEC, amendment 98/79/EC)
  • Potentially explosive atmospheres (94/9/EC)
  • Recreational craft (94/25/EC)
  • Lifts (95/16/EC)
  • Refrigeration appliances (96/57/EC)
  • Pressure equipment (97/23/EC)
  • In vitro diagnostic medical devices (98/79/EC)
  • Radio and telecommunications terminal equipment (99/5/EC)
eu policy for products
EU Policy for Products
  • Principles:
    • limited to harmonisation of safety, health and environmental essential requirements
    • requirements are legal, not technical
    • technical solutions to meet these requirements laid down in harmonised standards developed by European Standardisation Organisations
    • Harmonised standards remain voluntary and manufacturers can use other methods
    • When complying with harmonised standards presumed to comply with the Directive and hence free circulation within the EU
outline
Outline
  • Product Safety Compliance Requirements
  • Product Safety Hazards
  • Product Safety Design Guidelines
  • CE Mark
european safety requirements
European Safety Requirements
  • CE Mark
  • New Approach Directives
    • Self-Certification
    • Technical Construction File
  • Evidence of conformity to all essential requirements
    • typically EMC and Safety
  • Manufacturer Affixes CE Mark
  • Notified Body Required for some products
what is a tf
What is a TF ?
  • A TF brings together all required elements to show compliance with applied standards and incorporates the items outlined in the directive.
    • The TF is a neat, organized, professionally prepared report which will be accepted by any authority in Europe
    • The TF should make the product as understandable as possible to a third-party not familiar with the product
anatomy of a technical file
Anatomy of a Technical File

Cover

Page

EMC

Report

Safety

Report

Test

Equip.

List

Parts

List

Photos

EMC

Report

Safety

Report

Photos

Schem-

atics

Ratings

Label

User’s

Manual

Theory

Of

Operat’n

Specs

Certs

User’s

Manual

Specs

Certs

Test

Plan

EMC

Design

Quality

System

Risk

Assess.

OPTIONAL

general requirements
Labeling and marking

Language

User Instructions

Service Information

Design requirements

Heating

Electrical characteristics

Abnormal operation

Power connection

Construction

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

Most Standards address the same issues -

Requirements depend on the type of product and where it will be installed

labeling and marking
Labeling and Marking
  • Rated voltage or voltage range:

115/230V~ or 100-240V~ or 230V~ or 400V 3~

  • Rated frequency:

50-60Hz or 50/60Hz

  • Rated current or power:

10/5A or 10-5A; 200W or 200VA

NOTE:

230/ 400V~ are the harmonized voltages for the European Union.

labeling and marking1
Labeling and Marking
  • Manufacturer’s name or registered trademark.
  • Model or type number.
  • Fuse replacement info (if applicable).
  • IEC symbols wherever possible.
  • Warnings and Cautions appropriate for the particular equipment.
washington laboratories capabilities
Washington Laboratories Capabilities
  • FCC Testing
  • CE Marking
  • Radiation Hazard Measurements ANSI C95.1
  • Domestic and International Safety Testing:
    • UL, CSA, CB, CE
    • Low Voltage & Machinery Directives
  • Seminars and Workshops
  • Large Item Test Capability
  • On-site testing
  • Design Support
  • Subsidiary in Taiwan (ATCB)
  • Representative in Beijing
  • http://www.wll.com