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Police in America. Chapter Five Peacekeeping and Order Maintenance. Calling the Police—Public Expectations in non-crime situations. Why do citizens call? To maintain a social boundary To relieve unpleasant situations Counterpunching To obtain an emergency service Typical police response

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police in america

Police in America

Chapter Five

Peacekeeping and Order Maintenance

calling the police public expectations in non crime situations
Calling the Police—Public Expectations in non-crime situations
  • Why do citizens call?
    • To maintain a social boundary
    • To relieve unpleasant situations
    • Counterpunching
    • To obtain an emergency service
  • Typical police response
    • Informal handling with no official action
types of non criminal calls for service
Types of non-criminal calls for service
  • Traffic enforcement
    • Most common type of order maintenance
    • Low-level but significant friction between citizens and the police
    • Risk of injury or death to officer
  • Drunk Driving
    • Question over whether crackdowns reduce drunk driving
    • Risk of arrest for drunk driving is low
    • Arrest is very time consuming
domestic violence
Domestic Violence
  • 1 million violent domestic violence crimes in 1998
  • Victims call only about 50% of the time
  • Lower income victims call more often than upper or middle class victims
  • Danger to police
    • Ranks low for death
    • Controversy over assaults
domestic violence5
Police response

Arrest

Mediation

Separating the parties

Referral to social service agencies

No action

Factors influencing arrest

Seriousness of crime

Preference of victim for arrest

Relationship between victim and suspect

Disrespect to police

Domestic violence
other order maintenance crimes
Vice

Prostitution

Street walkers

Ancillary crime

Call girl

Gambling

‘victimless” crime

Narcotics

Homeless

Old

New

Alcoholics

Detoxification programs

Mentally ill

Hospitalization

Arrest

Informal disposition

AIDS

High concern of infections, buy relatively low number of cases

Juveniles

Strict enforcement versus counseling and advising

Other order maintenance crimes