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Saber, Conocer , Pedir , Preguntar. Craig Thomas B.A. To Know…. In Spanish, there are two verbs that express the idea "to know." These two verbs are "saber" and " conocer ." The verb you choose depends upon the context in which it is used. These verbs are  not  interchangeable. Saber

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Saber conocer pedir preguntar

Saber, Conocer, Pedir,Preguntar

Craig Thomas B.A.


To know
To Know….

  • In Spanish, there are two verbs that express the idea "to know." These two verbs are "saber" and "conocer." The verb you choose depends upon the context in which it is used. These verbs are not interchangeable.

    • Saber

    • Conocer


Saber
Saber

  • To express knowledge or ignorance of a fact or information about something, use "saber."

    • Juan sabedondeestáMaría.Juan knows where Maria is.

    • Yo no sétunúmero de teléfono.I don't know your telephone number.

  • To express knowledge or ignorance of a skill, or how to do something, use saber + infinitive.

    • Maríasabeconducir.Maria knows how to drive.

    • No sénadarmuybien.I don't know how to swim very well.


Saber continued
Saber (Continued)

  • To say that you know something by heart, use saber.

    • Maríasabe los verbosirregulares.Maria knows the irregular verbs (by heart).

    • Ella no sabe la letra de esacanción.She doesn't know the words to that song.


Conocer
Conocer

  • To say that one is or is not acquainted with a person, a place, or an object, use conocer.

    • Yo no conozco a María.I don't know (am not acquainted with) Maria.

    • Alberto y Alfredo conocen Madrid.Alberto and Alfredo know (are acquainted with) Madrid.


Context context context context
Context ContextContextContext

  • To express knowledge or ignorance of a subject or learning discipline, use saber or conocer, depending upon the context.

    • Juan no sabe nada de inglés.Juan doesn't know any English.

    • Élsabematemáticas.He knows mathematics.

    • Juan conoce la literaturaespañola.Juan is familiar with Spanish literature.


Pedir and preguntar
Pedir and Preguntar

  • The same sort of situation exists with respect to the two Spanish verbs pedir and preguntar. They both mean "to ask" but they are not interchangeable. Fortunately, the rules for using them are a bit more straightforward.

    • pedirto ask for, or request an object, service or favor

      • Pidomás carne.I ask for more meat.

      • Pedimosahora.We order now (ask for service).

    • preguntarto ask a question, or request information

      • Preguntoquéhoraes.I ask what time it is.

      • Preguntamos a quéhorasirven la cena.We ask what time they serve dinner.