Injuries in football. Anthony De Luca. Football is a high-risk sport because of the naturally physical nature of the game, combined with the speed, strength and size of players.
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Anthony De Luca
Also, many teenagers play this sport, and as a result of the forces generated, as well as the mismatch in body sizes, injuries to various parts of the body are common.
Some examples of common football injuries include:
Sprains and Strains
In 2008, the body parts most frequently injured in high school and college football were:
Shoulder (18%) 6. Ankle (11%)
Finger (15%) 7. Upper Trunk (7%)
Knee (14%) 8. Lower Arm (6%)
Head (13%) 9. Lower Trunk (5%)
Sprains and strains are the most common type of football injury
A sprain is an injury to a ligament
Ligament injuries involve a stretching or a tearing of this tissue.
A strain is an injury to either a muscle or a tendon
Depending on the severity of the injury, a strain may be a simple overstretch of the muscle or tendon, or it can result in a partial or complete tear.
Both sprains are graded according to severity: Grade 1 (mild) -- over-stretching / micro-tears of ligaments Grade 2 (moderate) -- partial ligament tears and mild joint instability Grade 3 (severe) -- severe or complete ligament tears and significant joint instability
Fractures account for one quarter of all serious football injuries.
Commonly fractured bones include the finger,wrist and leg.
Fractures happen because an area of bone is not able to support the energy placed on it.
There are two critical factors in determining why a fracture occurs:
the energy of the event
the strength of the bone
Turf toe is a condition of pain at the base of the big toe, located at the ball of the foot.
The condition is usually caused from either jamming the toe, or pushing off repeatedly when running or jumping.
The name "turf toe" comes from the fact that this injury is especially common among athletes who play on artificial turf.
The hard surface of artificial turf, combined with running and hitting of football, make turf toe a very common injury for players.
Athletic footwear is responsible also
Flexible shoes or cleats provide less support to the forefoot joints, which can contribute turf toe.
Burners (Stingers)are neck injuries that cause pain that feels like a burning, pinching or shock that runs from the base of the skull to the shoulder or along the neck.
This pain is quite intense usually for a short period of time
usually caused when a quick movement causes the compression or pinching of the bundle of nerves that run from the back of the neck into the arm.
This often occurs from a twisting of the neck and head, or an impact from the side during football play.
In addition to pain and shock from the shoulder down into the arm and fingers, there may be numbness, burning or weakness in the arm.
Whiplash occurs when a forceful impact (commonly from behind) causes your head and neck to snap forward and back in an abrupt, violent motion.
It is commonly seen in car accidents and contact sports.
refers to an injury to the soft tissues of the neck including the ligaments, tendons, and muscles.
Most injuries are similar to those of neck strains and include soft tissues injuries to the muscles and ligaments but whiplash can damage the cervical discs as well.
also called cervical hyperextension injury or flexion-extension neck injury.
The most common symptoms of whiplash occur immediately or within 24 hours of the accident:
considered a cumulative stress injury because they often occur after repeated stress or jarring of the bones, muscles and joints without proper conditioning or recovery between workouts.
The pain of shin splints is typically located on the outer front portion of the lower leg (anterior shin splints) or pain on the back inside of the lower leg (posterior medial shin splints).
caused by trauma to either the muscles or bones of the lower leg.
often related to overtraining or excessive running on hard surfaces.
Beginning athletes are at increased risk of shin splints and stress fractures because they are not used to the high impact running has on the muscles and joints of the lower leg and foot.
- Concussions are caused by a blow to the head.
- This injury causes some level of impairment of brain functions.
Simply put, a concussion is a temporary injury to the brain tissue.
Depending on the force of the injury the concussion can have different symptoms.
When the head is struck, the brain risks being injured because of the forces absorbed by the brain tissue.
When the brain is injured, normal signal pathways that send messages from our brain to the body are interrupted.
Symptoms of a concussion can include:
short term memory problems
loss of consciousness
Grade I: A mild concussion, occurs when there is a head injury, and perhaps some confusion, but full memory of the event.
Grade II: A moderate concussion, with confusion, and difficulty recalling the event, but no loss of consciousness.
Grade III: A severe concussion, when there is a loss of consciousness and no memory of the event.