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Subsurface Scattering Rendering PowerPoint Presentation
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Subsurface Scattering Rendering

Subsurface Scattering Rendering

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Subsurface Scattering Rendering

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  1. Subsurface Scattering Rendering

  2. Subsurface scattering • Model of light transport in translucent materials • Marble, jade, milk, skin • Light penetrates material and exits at different point • Not simple reflection • Light absorbed the further it travels into material

  3. BRDF • BRDF - Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function • Defines how light is reflected on an opaque surface • Assumes light enters and leaves material at same position

  4. BSSRDF • BSSRDF - Bidirectional Sub-surface Scattering Reflectance Distibution Function • Can describe light transport between any two rays that hit a surface

  5. Comparison – BRDF vs BSSRDF

  6. Comparison – BRDF vs BSSRDF

  7. BSSRDF – How to calculate? • Outgoing radiance equation: • Integrating over incoming directions and area gives:

  8. BSSRDF function • BSSRDF function: • Comprised of diffuse and single scattering components

  9. BSSRDF – Diffuse scattering term • Fresnel terms – light refraction from entering material and then exiting • Diffuse sub-surface reflectance function

  10. BSSRDF – Diffuse sub-surface reflectance function

  11. BSSRDF – Single scattering • Occurs when refracted incoming and outgoing rays intersect

  12. BSSRDF – Single scattering term • Total outgoing radiance due to single scattering:

  13. BSSRDF – Implementation • Can be implemented in a ray tracer • Similar to sampling area light source in distributed ray tracing • For each ray-object intersection integrate light over area of surface • Sample single scattering term along refracted outgoing ray • Sample diffuse scattering term around outgoing position

  14. Fast BSSRDF • Can speed up calculation by using optimising BSSRDF • Contribution of single scattering term is small for materials with high albedo, so can be ignored • Therefore only need to calculate diffuse term

  15. Fast BSSRDF - Implementation • Two passes • Sampling irradiance • Evaluating diffusion approximation

  16. Fast BSSRDF – Sampling Irradiance • Create sample points on mesh • Distance between sample points equal to average distance at which light is scattered within material • For each point store location, area, and irradiance

  17. Fast BSSRDF – Evaluating Diffusion Approximation • Sum the contribution of all irradiance samples for each outgoing point • Contribution from irradiance samples decreases according to distance from output • We can cluster distant samples • Implement using a hierarchical structure – eg. octree, indexed by point and area

  18. Fast BSSRDF – Output

  19. References • Jensen, Marschner, Levoy and Hanrahan: “A Practical Model for Subsurface Light Transport” • http://graphics.ucsd.edu/~henrik/papers/bssrdf/ • Jensen and Buhler: “A Rapid Hierarchical Rendering Technique for Translucent Materials” • http://graphics.ucsd.edu/~henrik/papers/fast_bssrdf