INTRODUCTION. AI - Artificial Intelligence What is AI? Problems with definition of AI Main difficulty: What is Intelligence ?. AI - Some Definitions. AI is the study of ideas which enable computers to do the things that make people seem intelligent (Winston’s book AI, 1st edition, 1979)
AI - Artificial Intelligence
What is AI?
Problems with definition of AI
Main difficulty: What is Intelligence?
(1) ability to reason
(2) ability to learn (acquire and apply new
(3) ability to communicate ideas
(...) creativity, emotions, consciousness, ... ?
Solve real-world problems using AI as an armamentarium of ideas about representing knowledge, using knowledge, and assembling systems
Determine which ideas about representing knowledge, using knowledge and building systems explain various sorts of intelligence
An observer, after 30 min of conversation,
cannot distinguish intelligent computer from a
a physical symbol system that can reliably pass the Turing test (M. Ginsberg, Essential of Artificial Intelligence, Morgan Kaufmann 1993)
Reference to logic
not of so much interest to AI practitioners
sub-cognitive mental skills,
explanation as confabulation
Degree of Malig
no rec 125
no rec 30
no rec 4
no rec 32
Tree induced by Assistant Professional
Interesting: Predictive accuracy of this tree better than medical specialists
Ljubljana University, Faculty of Computer
and Info. Sc. (Zupan, Demšar, Juvan, Curk, Bratko)
Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas
(Kuspa, Shaulsky, Halter)
- What is the role of each gene in a genome?
- How do the genes interact?
- How do they influence the phenotype?
When food is cleaned, Dictyostelium get together and converge in mound.
Development: the mounds stretch into slugs, which topple over and crawl away.
Experimental Data (7 genes)
MAXNO (max. konc. dušikovega oksida v zadnjem dnevu), Ssum015LJ (vsota napovedi sončnega sevanja do 15h v LJ), Tavg915LJ (povprečje napovedi temperature med 9h in 15h, v LJ)
an insight is a new piece of knowledge that makes it possible to simplify the current agent’s theory about its environment