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Chapter V - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter V. Summary , Conclusions and Recommendations. Summary. recapitulates the entire content of the paper. pertinent features are described briefly. highlight the significant results explains how they help resolve the problem

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Summary , Conclusions



  • recapitulates the entire content

of the paper.

  • pertinent features are described


  • highlight the significant results
  • explains how they help

resolve the problem

  • the results form the basis for the


  • should be drawn only for the

samples used and the

circumstances for which

evidences have been


  • should answer the present


  • should leads to another


  • may be described in terms of what further research may be done , what findings suggest in terms of policy , and what the results mean in terms of existing knowledge , etc.
  • any practical application of findings should be stated. Suggest any further research , which would be an outgrowth of another investigation. There may also be some implications due to the weaknesses or limitations of the investigation.
  • serves as a guide to further reading on the subject as well as indication of reading resources. It contains an alphabetical listing of all publications cited in the various parts of the research paper and all the references used in its preparation. Periodicals and books.
  • follow prescribed format for listing :
  • Source :

Esperanza R. Sabangan

“All about Research”

MSHS, Poblacion, Makati City

September , 1977

pp. 77 - 85

Reminders !
  • List all the references used in the investigation either alphabetically or in the order of citing in the text of the scientific paper.
  • If the reference is a book , state the author , title , and the place of publication , publisher , date and pages cited.
  • If the reference is a magazine article , state the author , title of the article , name of magazine , date and number of issue and the page number.
contents of research report
Contents of Research Report
  • Title Page – bears the name of the investigator and the institution. The full title should neither be too long nor too short. It should contain the key words sufficient enough to describe the research.
  • Abstract – a short summary (one or two pages) of the overall report. Describe in one paragraph each major section of the report.
  • A short paragraph of not more than 200 to 250 words which gives the essential or principal features of the project or study. It should include a very brief description of the background , purpose , research design , main results and conclusions. This should be informative enough to present or comprehensive picture of the study.
The outbreak of mosquito borne diseases, particularly in dengue fever has become a perennial problem in our country and much attention has been given to control the disease. One of the current methods used in combating mosquito vectors is larviciding. However, synthetic chemicals which are used in the process are quit expensive and have been found to give detrimental affects in our environment.

This problem prompted the researchers to work on the “Feasibility of using derris extract as a natural and biodegradable larvicide in the control of Aedesaegypti”, a common carrier of dengue fever.

In the experiment, four bottles, each with ten collected Aedes larvae were treated with four derris extract concentrations while in one bottle served as control. Mortality of the larvae was measured every hour for ten hours.

The investigatory project gave an encouraging results because the larvae treated with pure and 75% extract concentration resulted to 100% mortality while that of the 50% extract concentration went as far as 70% mortality.


List of Contents – a statement of what appears where, with sections or chapters first, then a list of tables, charts, illustrations, appendices and bibliography. Each should give enough information for the reader to locate a particular section / subsection, table or appendix.

  • Introduction – a statement of the key objectives of the research and background. The reason or interest for doing the research should be stated. Acknowledgments to the people who have influenced the investigation may be given as a separate section and should appear after the abstract.
  • Review of Literature – it contains certain sources of materials and information.

Methods Used – this section must state clearly what was done and how it was done. Other researchers may want to replicate your investigation. It is important that they must know in detail the methods and techniques used. This will provide validity of your findings.

  • Findings or Results – it must be written in an organized logical presentation and discussion of major research results. Data are presented in this section. Only data best organized include those that aid in understanding the problem and hypothesis. All other data are given in appendices and referred to. Tables are numbered in sequence and presented as close to the relevant described material.