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  1. World Trade Organization Unit 16

  2. OBJECTIVES • To get the Background: • Master knowledge about WTO • Read passages in the textbook • To master the useful expressions about WTO. • To improve interpreting through practice. • To master the technique of note-taking.

  3. Additional background information • Knowledge about Word Trade Organization • Seen PPT Knowledge about WTO

  4. Part One Reading Passages • World Trade Organization • The WTO and the New Economy • Ready for the Deluge • 世界贸易组织简介 • 让历史铭记这十五年

  5. Passage A World Trade Organization • This passage is quite important. • Should know how to interpret all the sentences fluently. • Key points • This passage mainly talks about what WTO is…

  6. Passage B The WTO and the New Economy • Key points • China’s entry to the WTO • The benefits for China • The benefits of China’s entry to other countries • A stable and predictable framework for business • Critics about the WTO • Trade barriers and protectionism • Liberalization of a wide range of sectors • More provided by the WTO

  7. Useful expressions in Passage A&B • 缔约方 • 部长级会议 • 总理事会 仲裁小组 • 上诉法庭 • Forum • Sectoral negotiations • Intellectual-property agreement • Trade liberalization • Contracting parties • Ministerial Meeting • General Council • Dispute settlement Panel • Appellate Body • 论坛 • 行业谈判 • 知识产权协议 • 贸易自由化

  8. Useful expressions in Passage A&B • 开放贸易 • 贸易顺差/逆差 • 市场准入 • 进口配额 • 进口许可证制度 • 多边贸易体系 • 非歧视性 • 最惠国待遇 • 国民待遇 • 非关税壁垒 • 倾销 • 反倾销措施 • 摩擦和冲突 • Open trade • Trade surplus / deficit • Market access • import quota • Import license system • Multilateral trade system • Non-discrimination • MFN treatment • National treatment • Non-tariff barrier • Dumping sales • Anti-dumping measures • Friction and conflict

  9. Useful expressions in Passage A&B • 妥善解决争端 • 随意性规定 • 法治 • 透明度 • IMF • 比较优势产业 • 服务业 • 长线产品 • 高新技术产业 • 知识经济 • 全球化 • Resolve disputes peacefully and constructively • Arbitrary rules • The rule of law • transparency • 国际货币基金组织 • industries with comparative advantage • Service sector • Oversupplied products • High-tech industry • Knowledge-based economy • globalization

  10. Useful expressions in Passage C • 迎接挑战 • 回旋余地较小 • 远东经济评论 • 饲料生产商 • 农工联合企业 • 尿素 • 超级市场 • 专有技术 • 取得竞争优势 • 家用电器 • 研究与开发 • 股权 • Ready for Deluge • less room to manoeuvre • The Review • feed-grain maker • agribusiness • urea • hypermarket • know-how • gain a competitive edge • home appliances • R&D • stock-option

  11. Words and expressions for exercises • Lack a human face • To man a barricade • Squander resources • economies • Management gurus • International civil servants • The bottom line • champion • … • 没有人情 • 人为地设置障碍 • 挥霍资源 • 经济体 • 公司高层管理人员 • 国际公务员 • 事实真相 • 支持/维护 • …

  12. Exercises in Interpreting • English-Chinese Interpreting: ex.16-1 • Background of this passage: • It is a speech which is entitled “The WTO and the New Economy” and was given by the director-general of WTO on May 22, 2000.

  13. Vocabulary in the passage • wilfully 故意地 ·aspire to 渴求/希望 • ‘put the case better’ 更好地说明事实真相 • ratified by national parliament 提交到议会批准 • framework for business 管理体系/模式 • coming to blow over trade disputes 对贸易纠纷产生冲突 • lay down the law 制定法律 • uphold the rule of law 维护法制 • taking the case for free trade to a wider public 广为宣传自由贸易的好处 • share 职责 · champion 拥护者 • prevail over 压倒 · doom 厄运

  14. English-Chinese Interpreting: ex.16-1 • Listen to the passage as a whole for the first time and get a general idea of the passage. • Listen to the passage once again and start to interpret at the end of each segment. • Please practice, everyone!

  15. Chinese-English Interpreting: ex. 16-5 • Vocabulary in this passage: • 九五时期 the Ninth Five-year Plan period • 对外经济贸易 foreign trade and economic sector • 依法行政、依规行政 administration according to law and rules • 在平等条件下 on an equal footing

  16. Chinese-English Interpreting: ex. 16-5 • 九五时期, 我国对外经济贸易经受住了亚洲金融危机的严峻挑战, 保持了不断发展的良好势头。 • During the Ninth Five year Plan period, China’s foreign trade and economic sector withstood the severe test of the Asian financial crisis and maintained the momentum of constant growth

  17. Chinese-English Interpreting: ex. 16-5 • 世贸组织的成员和工商界都欢迎中国加入世贸组织,以便从中国的承诺中尽早获得利益。 • All the member economies and their business circles are looking forward to China’s entry to the WTO in order to enjoy the benefits promised by China/ benefit from China’s commitments.

  18. Chinese-English Interpreting: ex. 16-5 • 加入世贸组织会给中国政府和国内企业带来挑战, 尤其是对政府管理经济方式的挑战 • China’s accession to the WTO will bring about challenges to both Chinese government and domestic enterprises, especially to the economic administration approach of the government

  19. Chinese-English Interpreting: ex. 16-5 • 第一,以规则和法制为基础的世贸组织有几个基本的规则,如最惠国待遇、国民待遇、市场开放、公平竞争和透明度等原则。 • Based on rules and regulations, WTO follows a number of principles, including the MFN treatment, the national treatment, the market access, the fair competition and the transparency principles etc.

  20. Chinese-English Interpreting: ex. 16-5 • 为执行这些原则,首先政府的管理方式要转变,也就是,要依法行政、依规行政。 • In order to follow these principles, the Chinese government will firstly change its way of administration, i.e. administration according to law and rules.

  21. Chinese-English Interpreting: ex. 16-5 • 第二,对企业而言也是很大的挑战。企业过去主要面对的是来自国内的竞争,加入世贸组织以后,要同时面临来自国内和国外的企业,而且是平等条件下的竞争 • Second, it is a significant challenge to Chinese enterprises which used to compete with their domestic counterparts. After China’s entry to the WTO, they will face competition from both domestic and foreign enterprises, and on an equal footing.

  22. Chinese-English Interpreting: ex. 16-5 • 第三,加入世贸组织对人们的思想观念也是一个挑战。要以法律为基础从事各项工作。 • Third, China’s entry to WTO will also bring about ideological challenges to the Chinese. People will have to conduct all activities according to the rules and laws. Please evaluate yourself how much you have got! 

  23. The end.Thank you!

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  25. 更多自考课件可登陆 http://www.langyuedu.com/JWDT.html 自考试题中心网址 http://www.langyuedu.com/STZX.html