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Ch. 5 Medical Terminology. Using Word Parts…. Prefixes (P): used at the beginning of a medical term. Describe, modify or limit the term Not all medical terms use prefixes Examples: a- without trans- through intra- within. Using Word Parts…. Suffixes (S): the word ending

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using word parts
Using Word Parts…
  • Prefixes (P): used at the beginning of a medical term.
    • Describe, modify or limit the term
    • Not all medical terms use prefixes
    • Examples:
      • a- without
      • trans- through
      • intra- within
using word parts3
Using Word Parts…
  • Suffixes (S): the word ending
    • Changes the meaning of a word…you can make a word a noun, verb, or adjective
    • All medical terms have a suffix
    • Examples:
      • -al, -ic, -ar, -y pertaining to
      • -ectomy excision/surgical removal
      • -it is inflammation
      • -pathy disease
using word parts4
Using Word Parts…
  • Word Root (WR): the basic meaning of the term
    • Typically indicates a body part, but not always
    • All medical terms must have one or more word roots
    • Examples:
        • neur/o nerve
        • cost/o rib
        • oste/o bone
        • erythr/o red
using word parts5
Using Word Parts…
  • Combining Vowel
    • Usually an “o”
    • Used between word roots or when a suffix begins with a consonant.
    • Examples:
      • Neurology
        • neur/o + -logy
      • Osteocyte
        • oste/o + -cyte
      • Neural (drop the combining vowel)
        • neur/o + -al
decoding medical terms
Decoding Medical Terms…
  • “Reading” a medical term is a step-by-step process.
  • Start with the suffix and define it
  • Next the prefix and define it
  • Then, go to the word root and define
  • Lastly, define the word as a whole
decoding medical terms7
Decoding Medical Terms…
  • Practice:
    • Intraneural
    • Megalocephalic
    • Cardiomegaly
    • Costectomy
    • Transneurocostal
    • Angiogram
    • Laryngocentesis
    • Rhinitis
    • Bronchitis
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