Agriculture Future Commodities: Feedstock of Biofuel Production
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Agriculture Future Commodities: Feedstock of Biofuel Production. +16.5%. 43%. 58%. ENERGY AND TRANSPORT - WORLD USE OF OIL PER SECTOR. 1973. 2000. (IEA 2002). ENERGY AND TRANSPORT – WORLD SHARE OF ENERGY DEMAND IN TRANSPORT. (IEA 2002). 3.000. 2.000. [GtEP]. 1.4% aa. 1.000.

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+16.5% Production

43%

58%

ENERGY AND TRANSPORT - WORLD USE OF OIL PER SECTOR

1973

2000

(IEA 2002)


ENERGY AND TRANSPORT – Production

WORLD SHARE OF ENERGY DEMAND IN TRANSPORT

(IEA 2002)


3.000 Production

2.000

[GtEP]

1.4% aa

1.000

3.6% aa

0.000

1995

2000

2005

2010

2015

2020

2025

2030

2035

Economies in Transition

Delloping Countries

World

OECD

Developing countries

Economies in Transition

World

Developed countries

ENERGY AND TRANSPORT –

ENERGY USE IN TRANSPORT PER REGION

(WBCSD, 2004)


Projections of the emissions of carbon in the world
PROJECTIONS ProductionOF THE EMISSIONS OF CARBON IN THE WORLD

23 billion tons of C

1998

13 % Ex-URSS and Oriental Europe

24% USA

25% Asia and Western Europe

38 % Countries in development

35 billion tons of C

2020

11 % Ex-URSS and Oriental Europe

21% USA

18% Asia and Western Europe

(EPA, 2001)

50% Countries in development


POSSIBLE TRANSPORT FUEL PATHWAY Production

(WBCSD, 2004)


BIOFUELS DEFINITION Production

simply fuels in the form of liquid such as ethanol or biodiesel or gaseous derived from biological (e. g. agricultural) sources

Agricultural sources:

1. Cereals, grains, sugar crops and other biomass can fairly easily be fermented to produce ethanol;

2. Oil-seed crops (e. g. palm oil, coconut oil and peanut oil) can be converted into methyl esters - biodiesel;

3. Organic waste material can also be converted into energy forms which can be used asautomotive fuel: waste oil (e. g. frying oil) into biodiesel; animal manure and organic household wastes into biogas (e. g. methane); and agricultural and forestry waste products into ethanol.


BIOFUELS Production

WHAT IS NECESSARY TO PRODUCE BIOFUELS?

ECONOMIC RESOURCES

TECHNOLOGY

CLIMATE

LAND

LABOR

INFRASTRUCTURE

GOVERNMENT SUPPORT


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