To get you thinking. Why is free will important? As an explanation for evil? Helps to reach out divine potential? It’s what elevates us above animals? It enables humans to have a relationship with God? It ensures moral responsibility?. The Free Will Defence (FWD).
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
SUPPORTERS of the FWD:
CRITICS of the FWD:
Freedom therefore is essential to the relationship Christians believe they have with God. For the relationship to be genuine, it must have been freely chosen.
For love to be genuine, it must be freely chosen.
(Titania, Queen of the fairies, falls in “love” with Bottom under Puck’s mischievious spell in Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream)
THE MEANING OF FREEDOM: what does it mean to be free?
Being free does not mean equally likely to do x as to do y.
(I am not equally as likely to murder my mum as to give her a hug)
Likewise, I am not free to fly – I am a human not a bird.
So... Acting freely means acting as I wish, in accordance with my nature.
Could God have made humans so that their nature is such that they would always choose the good?
Flew’s suggestion: God could have made humans who always freely choose the good.
I have total freedom to act as I wish, within my human nature: I could be the nicest I could possibly be, by helping an old lady across the road or I could be the nastiest I could possibly be, by torturing someone.
Flew’s suggestion is that God could have restricted my nature to being wholly
good – I would still be free to choose, but all of my actions would be good.
Telling a white lie
Helping an old lady across road
Spectrum of human behaviour
Analyse the Free Will Defence as a solution to the Problem of Evil (30 marks)