KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA, MUZAFFARPUR. Social Science. A.P. SHARMA TGT(S. Sc.) Topic :- Role of Women in Freedom struggle of India. Women of the freedom struggle.
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Topic :- Role of Women in Freedom struggle of India
Lakshmibai Rani of Jhansi (1835-1858), a leader of the Indian Mutiny of 1857. Born in varanasi in nothern India, Lakshmibai was married to Gangadhar Rao, the ruler of Jhansi. The Raja died in 1853, learning no direct male their, but had adopted a son without the consent of the British East India Company. Lord Dalhousie annexed the state under “doctrine of lapse, incurring rani’s emmity. When Jhansi fell, she joined the rebel leader Jantia Tope to fight at Kalpi. When Kalphi, too, fell to the British, they escaped to the forest and captured gwalor fort in, 1858. Here, supported by the Gwalior forces, she continued to fight the British until shot dead during a battle close to the fort. She Romanticized as a heroine and freedom fighter, and apparently gaining the respect of her enemies for her bravery. She resulted in considerable loss of life and frutalities on both sides.
Annie BesantBritish Mystic Annie Besantworked in the Indian Nationalist movement in India. From 1907 to 1933 she was President of the Theosophical Society, a mystical organization that followed elements of Eastern religions.
Aruna Asaf Ali was born as Aruna Ganguly on July 16 1908 at Kalka (Haryana) in an orthodox Hindu Bengali family. Aruna Asaf Ali was a legendary heroine of India`s freedom struggle. Her first major political action was during the Salt Satyagraha in 1930 when she addressed public meetings and led processions. British Government charged her for being a "vagrant" and sentenced her to one year`s imprisonment. When political prisoners were released in the aftermath of Gandhi-Irwin pact, Aruna was not released. But a public agitation in favour of her release, forced British government to release her. She was again arrested in 1932 and put in Tihar Jail. In Tihar Jail she went on a hunger strike against the treatment done towards political prisoners. Her protest caused an improvement in conditions, but she herself was moved to lonely imprisonment in Ambala. Aruna Asaf Ali was a dedicated sociologist. She was elected the first Mayor of Delhi. She devoted her entire life for the betterment of the country without any selfish means. Her contribution in liberating Goa had tremendous impact in achieving the freedom for Goans. She was a true patriot. The Bharat Ratna was honoured to Aruna Asaf Ali with a stamp issued by the Indian Postal Service in 1998.
Madam Cama was born on 24th September 1861 to rich Parsi parents. Young Bhikaji received good English education, but from the beginning she was a rebel, and a nationalist. She had good flair to learn languages and became expert in arguing her country`s cause in different circles at a young age. She fought for the freedom of the country till the last in her own way, and helped many revolutionaries with money and materials. Madame Bhikaji always believed that British had looted India, and practiced worst form of imperialism. She had thousand and one reasons to show how India was kept in abject poverty by the British to help them to become the most powerful country in the world of that period. Bhikaji Cama always stood for swaraj or self-rule. She fought for unity of Hindus and Muslims. She continued financing revolutionaries in and out of India. British were not happy with her activities and there was a plan to finish her off. Madam Cama also fought for the cause of women. She published many books on Indian freedom struggle, which had writings against the British rule
Madam Bhikaji Cama
Sister of JAWAHAR LAL NEHRU, and leader of CONGRESS party of India. Mrs. Pandit was first women to having been appointed minister in the political history of India.