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AGAVE

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  1. AGAVE AGAVE: THEMISSING ENERGY CROP México City 2010

  2. 2030 CHALLENGES POPULATION: 6.8 Bntoday, to8.3Bn (FAO) FOOD: 2Xincrease (WB); 50% (UN) WATER: 50% MORE (WB). India 2X more. ENERGY: 44% raise (EIA) CLIMATECHANGE: Below2°C; 450ppm (IPCC)

  3. TRANSPORTATIONFUELS By 2050, biofuels account for 25% of total transport fuel, roughly 90% is 2nd-generation biofuel

  4. Fossil energy balances of different fuel types Source: Worldwatch Institute 2006

  5. WHYNOT 25%? • HIGHCOST OF BIOFUELS • DRASTICWATERCONSUMPTION • HIGH USE OF NITROGEN, HERBICIDES, PESTICIDES, FUNGICIDES • DANGER OF LAND USE CHANGE / DEFORESTATION • BIODIVERSITYLOSS • FOOD VS FUEL

  6. Projected cost of 1st and 2nd generation biofuels for the US market Source: EBI, Khanna, M. Enzimes account for 54% of fermentation cost Second generation biofuel cost assumptions Source: IEA 2008, Energy Technology Perspectives to 2050

  7. Production costs for biodiesel, in main producing countries

  8. http://cohesion.rice.edu/centersandinst/shellcenter/emplibrary/Water%20Footprint%20of%20Biofuels%20FINAL%20SUBMISSION.pdf

  9. WATER http://cohesion.rice.edu/centersandinst/shellcenter/emplibrary/Water%20Footprint%20of%20Biofuels%20FINAL%20SUBMISSION.pdf AGROCHEMICALS

  10. http://cohesion.rice.edu/centersandinst/shellcenter/emplibrary/Water%20Footprint%20of%20Biofuels%20FINAL%20SUBMISSION.pdfhttp://cohesion.rice.edu/centersandinst/shellcenter/emplibrary/Water%20Footprint%20of%20Biofuels%20FINAL%20SUBMISSION.pdf

  11. Source: www.theoildrum.com Are we ready for 50 gallons of water per mile driven?

  12. AGAVE COMPETITIVEADVANTAGES • Thrives on dry land/marginal land. Most efficient use of soil, water and light. • Massive production. Year-around harvesting. • Very high yields with very low or no inputs • Very high quality biomass and sugars • Very low cost of production. Not a commodity, so prices are not volatile • Very versatile: biofuels, bioproducts, chemicals • World-wide geographical distribution • Enhanced varieties are ready

  13. AGAVE -DERIVED FUELS, PRODUCTS, MATERIALS AND CHEMICALS BIOFUELS ETHANOL (DISTILLED AND CELLULOSIC), BIOBUTANOL, BIOMETHANOL, BIOJET FUEL, GREEN GASOLINE, BIOOIL, BIOCRUDE, BIODIESEL, BIOCOAL, BIOCHAR, H2, SYNGAS, BIOGAS, PELLETS, BRIQUETTES, AMMONIA BIOPRODUCTS FRUCTOSE SYRUP, INULIN, HEALTHY SWEETENERS, FAT SUBSTITUTE (ICE CREAM), BIOPLASTICS, CELLULOSE, PAPER, ACIDS, CO, CO2, BIOPOLYMERS, PRESSED BOARDS, GEOTEXTILES, FIBRES, PHENOL, ADHESIVES, WAX, ANTIFREEZE, FILM (FOOD WRAP), FERTILIZERS, INSULATING FOAM AND PANES, GEL, NON-WOOVEN MATERIAL (DISPOSABLE DIAPERS), MOULDINGS, CONCRETE ADDITIVE, GEL, COMPOSITE MATERIALS, ESTERS, SUBSTITUTES FOR ASBESTOS AND GLASS FIBRE, PECTIN, ACTIVATED COAL, SECONDARY METABOLITES, DETERGENT, GLYCOLS, FOOD ADDITIVES, FURFURANS, RESINS, POLYURETHANES, EPOXY, AROMATICS, OLEFINS... GREEN ELECTRICITY PELLETS AND BRIQUETTES, SYN-GAS, BIOOIL, BIOCOAL, BIOGAS, BIOCHAR, H2 CELLS, AMMONIA, PYROLYSIS OIL... CO2 SEQUESTERING IN THE SOIL (2,000-year average) BIOCHAR

  14. Drylands are about 41% of the Earth's surface and support over 2 billion people

  15. Wet T.

  16. WHAT’S NEXT? • MORE R&DISNEEDED (DATA/AG/LAB/TECH/ MKT) • DATA MUST BE SCIENTIFICALLYVALIDATED & SYSTEMATIZED • INDUSTRIAL BIOFUELS-CONVERSIONTRIALS ARE NEEDED • ANNUALLY, ~3M TONNES OF AGAVE FRESHBIOMASS ARE WASTEDBY TEQUILA INDUSTRY (11.5M TONNES OF CO2e) • CURRENTOVERPRODUCTION OF ~15M TONNES OF Agave tequilanaPLANTSAVAILABLE. 5X MORE LANDISAVAILABLE. • EXCELLENTBIZOPORTUNITYFOR AGAVE-DERIVED BIOFUELS • DEVELOPALLIANCES. GETFUNDING & INVESTMENT. • DEMONSTRATIONPLANTATIONS & FACILITIES ARE NEEDED • AGAVE ISTHEBESTFEEDSTOCKFORANINTEGRATED BIOREFINERY

  17. Arturo Vélez Jiménez agaveproject2@gmail.com Tel - Fax: (5255) 55 44 58 32 Cel: 04455 34 24 91 26