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Nicholas I . Isabela De Jesus. Background . Born June 25, 1796 Rule 1825-1855 Third son of Paul I and Maria Fedorovna Grandmother Catherine the Great called him “colossus” Raised him herself until her death five months later

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nicholas i
Nicholas I

Isabela De Jesus

background
Background
  • Born June 25, 1796
  • Rule 1825-1855
  • Third son of Paul I and Maria Fedorovna
    • Grandmother Catherine the Great called him “colossus”
      • Raised him herself until her death five months later
    • Education not as thorough and wasn’t a very good student
background cont
Background (cont.)
  • Extremely attractive
    • “On a visit to England in 1816 women found his fine Grecian nose, handsome face and imperial bearing an irresistible combination”
  • Fell in love with Princess Charlotte of Prussia (Mouffy)
becoming the czar
Becoming the Czar
  • Eldest brother childless and second oldest renounced the throne
  • December 1825: Alexander I mysteriously dies in city of Taganrog
    • Had already given secret orders that Nicholas I should succeed him
  • Army swore allegiance to Constantine
  • 20 days of uncertainty, before Nicholas decided to declare himself emporer
    • “The morning after tomorrow I’m either Czar or dead.”
decemberists revolt
Decemberists’ Revolt
  • Small group of aristocratic officers
    • Felt Nicholas I did not deserve throne
      • Cheated Constantine
  • Wanted a free Russian state, with a federal government and constitution, instead of government under the tsar
  • December 14, 1825: the military was to swear allegiance to Tsar Nicholas I
  • 3,000 men revolt against Czar
    • Nicholas I attempted to initiate “Peace Talks”
      • Didn’t work, opened fire
  • Rebellion fails as result of a lack of organization and leadership
result of rebellion
Result of Rebellion
  • Many executed, others sent into exile
  • Saw liberalism as a major threat
    • lived in fear of liberal revolts for the rest of his life
  • Initiated a nation-wide censorship
    • The Third Section
  • Restrictions forced the people's loyalty to the tsar and the Russian Orthodox Church. 
autocracy orthodoxy and nationality
“Autocracy, Orthodoxy, and Nationality”
  • Dreamt of ideal society modeled on patriarchal family where people are loyal to the unlimited authority of the Czar
  • Used to promote traditional Russian values and culture and suppress non-Russian nationalities and religions other than Orthodox Christianity.
  • "Russification"
    • centered on the "Nicholas System“ (based on "One Tsar, One Faith, One Nation“)
    • Gave way to Westernisers and Slavophiles
      • Westernisers= new ideas
      • Slavophiles = traditional “Russian” values
  • saw himself as God's general in charge of Russia's well-being and every citizen as his subordinate
nicholas i and literature
Nicholas I and Literature
  • Literature flourishing in 19th century
  • Nicholas I took a personal involvement in lives of authors which was insulting and oppressive
  • Decided which of their works t0 publish and which not to publish
  • Thoroughly read books and articles, then suppressed them
nicholas i and dostoevsky
Nicholas I and Dostoevsky
  • Events in Europe made Nicholas nervous
  • Put intellectuals and revolutionaries under surveillance
  • April 1849, Nicholas called for the arrest of all of the members of the PetrashevskyCircle
  • December 22, 1849 were going to be put to death, but Czar only wanted to teach them a lesson
    • Sent them to exile instead
  • Relation to Crime and Punishment
    • Fellow prisoner he met while exiled in Siberia served as model for character Svidrigailov
death of nicholas i
Death of Nicholas I
  • Crimean War
    • Nicholas wanted to expand into the Mediterranean and make territorial gains in the Ottoman Empire
    • Britain felt that it had to keep control over the Mediterranean sea routes and to preserve the Ottoman Empire as a barrier against Russian expansion
  • Nicholas dies February 18, 1855 after catching a bad cold
    • Rumors he poisoned himself after hearing of another military defeat

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hfg8zmpc0EI

works cited
Works Cited
  • Aprelenko, Maria. "Nicholas I – Russiapedia The Romanov Dynasty Prominent Russians." Get Russianalized – Russiapedia. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://russiapedia.rt.com/prominent-russians/the-romanov- dynasty/nicholas-i/>.
  • Atchison, Bob. "Nicholas I - Alexander Palace Time Machine." Russian History Websites - Romanov Dynasty - Alexander Palace. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://www.alexanderpalace.org/palace/NickolasPavlovich.html>.
  • Atchison, Bob. "Nicholas I - Alexander Palace Time Machine." Russian History Websites - Romanov Dynasty - Alexander Palace. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://www.alexanderpalace.org/palace/NickolasPavlovich.html>.
  • Bloy, Marjie. "The Crimean War: General Causes." The Victorian Web: An Overview. 6 May 2002. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://www.victorianweb.org/history/crimea/gencauses.html>.
  • Bowman, Rebecca. "Decembrist Revolt: 1825." Then Again. . . 12 Sept. 2002. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://www.thenagain.info/webchron/easteurope/decrevolt.html>.
  • Gocsik, Karen. "Biography of Dostoevsky - Politics and Punishment." Dartmouth College. 9 Apr. 2003. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://www.dartmouth.edu/~karamazo/bio03.html>.