Christopher Houston “Kit” Carson: Mountain Man & Guide for John C. Fremont
John C. Fremont • Fremont’s Contributions to our area: • Realized water in Nevada drained inward, named Great Basin • Named Pyramid Lake due to large rock formation • Named Truckee River after a Chief who helped leaded him to California • Named Carson River after his guide, Kit Carson • Named Las Vegas, which means “the meadows” in Spanish
James “Jim” Beckwourth: African-American mountain man and scout Not so Fun Fact: Beckwourth died by eating poisoned food from the Crow Indians, who had named Beckwourth a chief. They allegedly killed him so his spirit would always be with them.
Peter Skene Ogden:Canadian Fur Trapper Fun Fact: While Trapping along the Humboldt River, Odgen and his men trapped up to 60 beaver PER DAY!!!
Jedediah Smith:famous fur trapper Fun Fact: After a Grizzly Bear ripped part of Jedediah’s scalp and ear, he had it sewed back on by one of his men!!! Fact #2: Jedediah Smith died at the age of 32 after being attacked by Indians!!
COMSTOCK LODE Large SILVER strike discovered on Gold Hill near what became Virginia City in 1859. Led to the Rush to Washo that brought thousands to Virginia City and made it the 2nd largest city west of the Mississippi. I Found the Silver And they named it after me! Comstock took credit for finding whaat two men (McLaughlin and O’Riley) actually found Henry Comstock
Sarah Winnemucca* A Paiute Indian, who fought for Native American rights throughout her life. She also opened numerous schools for Native Americans in Nevada. Translator Author Life of the Paiutes: Their Wrongs and Claims Spoke 5 Languages Did You Know: Sarah gave over 400 speeches around the country about Native Rights Statue of Sarah Winnemucca in Capitol Building in Wash. DC
Mormon Station* First permanent white settlement in Nevada, Mormon Station was a stop for settlers traveling on the California Trail and is located in present day Genoa at the base of the Sierra Nevada Mountains I can make some $$ selling goods to emigrants!! John Reese took 10 wagons of goods to sell from Salt Lake
Square-Set System(or square-set timbering) Square-set timbering helped to prevent mine cave-ins. It framed wood in rectangular cubes to which more cubes could be added above and to the sides. Allowed Comstock miners to dig deeper than ever before! Philipp Deidesheimer invented The Square Set System Did you Know: Lake Tahoe’s Trees built the Square Sets Used NO NAILS!!
Silver Kings Four businessmen and miners who came to dominate Virginia City and the Comstock Lode after striking the “Big Bonanza,” a huge vein of silver and gold. In all, the four shared about $75 million. -Included John William Mackay, James Graham Fair, James Clair Flood and William Shoney O’Brien The KINGS! John Mackay gave $$ to UNR and his statue is on the Quad Virginia City . .Then & Now
Boom & Bust Cycle Rhyolite, Nevada 1908 GOLD Term used to describe the cycle of mining towns: a quick boom when gold or silver is found (BOOMTOWNS) leading to a large population, followed by an economic downturn when the Gold & Silver run out, and the population collapses (Ghost Towns) Rhyolite, Nevada 1998 NO Gold Virginia City Example Population in 1867 = 30,00 Population Today = 1,000
James Warren Nye • First territorial Governor of Nevada, later became a Senator for Nevada • Nye County is named after him I appointed him! Nye County
William Morris Stewart • Nevada’s first Senator, famous for having written the final draft of the 15th amendment to the Constitution, which said that right to vote could not be denied on account of race First Senator of Nevada