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UNIT 1 REVIEW. CULTURE. What was our class’s working definition for culture? What was our class’s working definition of cultural norms? Give an example of a cultural norm embraced by the United States What was our class’s working definition of subculture?

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culture
CULTURE
  • What was our class’s working definition for culture?
  • What was our class’s working definition of cultural norms?
  • Give an example of a cultural norm embraced by the United States
  • What was our class’s working definition of subculture?
  • Name some subcultures you are a part of.
culture con t
Culture con’t
  • What is a stereotype?
  • What is ethnocentricm?
what is in a voice
What is in a voice?
  • What is voice?
  • What are the components of voice?
  • Diction
  • Imagery
  • Syntax
  • Tone
diction
diction
  • DICTION IS WORD CHOICE
  • CONNOTATIVE MEANING OF WORD: WHAT THE WORD SUGGESTS; WHAT EMOTION YOU, SPECIFICALLY, ATTACH TO THE WORD
  • DENOTATIVE MEANING OF WORD: WHAT THE WORD LITERALLY MEANS
connotation vs denotation
CONNOTATION VS. DENOTATION
  • WORD: PRIEST
  • DENOTATIVE MEANING: THE HEAD OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH
  • CONNOTATIVE MEANINGS: RELIGION, SACRED, HOLINESS, CORRUPTION, HYPOCRISY
  • WORD: BURKA
  • DENOTATIVE MEANING: A FULL BODY CLOAK WORN BY SOME MUSLIM WOMEN
  • CONNOTATIVE MEANINGS: MODESTY, IDEAL, PATRIARCHY, OPPRESSION, MYSTERY, BEAUTY
  • WHY ARE THE CONNOTATIVE MEANINGS OF THE WORDS SO DIVERSE?
formal versus informal diction
FORMAL VERSUS INFORMAL DICTION
  • FORMAL DICTION IS THE LANGUAGE WE USE IN FORMAL ESSAYS, IN WRITING COMPOSTITIONS, AND IN ADDRESSING A HIGHLY EDUCATED AUDIENCE
  • INFORMAL DICTION IS THE LANGUAGE WE USE IN EVERYDAY CONVERSATION WITH OUR PEERS, AND IN ADDRESSING AN AUDIENCE THAT IS FAMILIAR OR SPECIFIC TO US (I.E., TO ENTERTAIN)
  • “FORMAL OR INFORMAL?
  • “If you love ice cream so much, then why don’t you just marry it?”
  • FORMAL OR INFORMAL?
  • “Hurston’s depiction of the independent female was viewed as misogynistic and derogatory by the very demographic she wished to elevate.”
syntax
syntax
  • The arrangement of words in a sentence
  • Compound sentence: two independent clauses joined by a coordinator
  • Complex sentence: An independent clause followed by one or more dependent clauses
  • Periodic sentence: A complex sentence where the main independent clause comes last
  • What kind of sentence is this?
  • “I am going to Publix and then I will cook dinner.”
  • “Although I enjoy football, I would rather play for the school’s soccer team.”
  • Anaphora: The repetition of words or phrases in the beginnings of successive clauses.
slide11
tone
  • What is tone?
  • What is a tone shift?
what is the tone of this excerpt
What is the tone of this excerpt?

Out of the huts of history’s shame\

I rise

Up from a past that’s rooted in pain

I rise

I'm a black ocean, leaping and wide,   

Welling and swelling I bear in the tide.

Leaving behind nights of terror and fear

I rise

Into a daybreak that’s wondrously clear

I rise

Bringing the gifts that my ancestors gave,   

I am the dream and the hope of the slave.   

I rise

I rise   

I rise.