the first americans prehistory to 1492 n.
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The First Americans: Prehistory to 1492. Early Peoples. The Journey From Asia. Began around 2800 BCE How and Why? How? Cross land bridge now under water? Glacial Ice connected Asia & N. America? Boat? Why? hunter-gatherers that followed food sources?

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the journey from asia
The Journey From Asia
  • Began around 2800 BCE
  • How and Why?
    • How?
      • Cross land bridge now under water?
      • Glacial Ice connected Asia & N. America?
      • Boat?
    • Why?
      • hunter-gatherers that followed food sources?
    • No one knows, archeologists still studying artifacts for answers
  • By 1500 CE…
    • MILLIONS in N & S America!!!
crossing the land bridge
Crossing the Land Bridge
  • Most Recent Ice Age
    • Began 100,000 yrs. ago ending12,000 yrs. ago
      • Most of Earth covered in glacial ice
      • Sea levels much lower
  • 1 of 2 things happened
    • Crossed over glacial ice
    • Lower ocean level exposed land b/t Siberia and Alaska
  • Called “Beringia”
  • Why???
    • Early natives were nomads moving to follow herds (food)
      • A migration taking centuries
    • Skilled hunters
      • Used all parts of animal
settling down birth of agriculture
Settling Down (birth of Agriculture)
  • Earth warms… Ice Age ends
    • Oceans rise…
      • new natives cut off
  • Large Animals Disappear
    • Mammoths die out
      • Due to overhunting or environmental changes
      • Nomadic food shortage!
  • Maize (Corn)
    • 9,000 yrs. ago
      • natives in N. America discover they can plant seeds of plants and grow them
        • Corn, pumpkins, beans, squash, etc.
  • Nomad to Farmer
    • Harvests provide steady food source
      • No longer have to follow herds
      • Could stay in 1 place
      • Food supply increases, population increases
early communities
Early Communities
  • Learning to farm
    • Natives set up camps along coasts and rivers
      • No longer had to hunt and gather (grow instead)
      • Not all natives farmed
        • Some remain nomadic
          • Plains, and Coasts
          • Tepees, Fishing, Trade
  • Archeologists found artifacts proving village life
    • Dates back to 3,000BCE
the growth of cultures
The Growth of Cultures
  • Farming allowed more time
    • Time for activities other than hunting and gathering
    • Improve lives in other ways
      • Built permanent dwellings
      • Made pottery and cloth
        • Decorated with dyes of berries and roots
      • Began developing gov’ts
      • Lead to beginning of culture
        • Developed…
          • Common customs
          • Common languages
          • Common beliefs
          • Ways of protection