Chapter 2 Objectives. Identify the four emergency action steps. Establish four important questions to be answered when checking the scene of an emergency. Explain what to do if the scene is unsafe. List four conditions considered life threatening in an emergency.
The emergency action steps are the four basic steps you should take in any emergency. These steps include:
Before you can help the victim, you must make sure the scene is safe for you and any bystanders.
Take time to check the scene and answer these four important questions…
The four conditions considered immediately life threatening in an emergency situation are:
Your top priority as a citizen responder is to get professional help to the victim as soon as possible.
The system works more effectively if you can provide information about the victim’s condition when the call is placed. This information helps to ensure that the victim receives proper medical care as quickly as possible.
Persistent chest or abdominal pain or pressure
Vomiting blood or passing blood in feces or urine
Poisoning or suspected poisoning
Seizures, severe headache, or slurred speech
Injuries to head neck, or back
Broken bones or suspected broken bonesWhen to callAs general rule, call EMS personnel for any of the following conditions:
When you make the call, you should do the following:
If you are in a situation in which you are the only person other than the victim, you must make a decision to Call First or Call Fast.
You should call first before giving care if:
Call First situations are likely to be cardiac emergencies, such as sudden cardiac arrest, where time is critical.
Call Fast, that is, provide 1 minute of care, then call 9-1-1 for:
Call Fastsituations are likely to be related to breathing emergencies rather than sudden cardiac arrest. In these situations provide support for airway, breathing and circulation through rescue breaths and chest compressions, as appropriate
Once you have checked the scene and the victim, you may have to provide care. Always care for life-threatening conditions before those that are not.
If the victim is conscious be aware of their condition, just in case it changes. This may be a sign of a more serious illness or injury.