A Perspective on Community Development. Steve Turkoski 4/24/2013. Context and Relationships Source of Wealth Community-Ties that bind/Hierarchy of areas Impact of MSA’s Standard of Living Levels of Planning Significance of Education Regional Flow of Money. Context.
42 USC Chapter 38 - PUBLIC WORKS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
42 USC § 3121 - Findings and declarations
Congress finds that—
(1)there continue to be areas of the United States experiencing chronic high unemployment, underemployment, outmigration, and low per capita incomes, as well as areas facing sudden and severe economic dislocations because of structural economic changes, changing trade patterns, certain Federal actions (including environmental requirements that result in the removal of economic activities from a locality), and natural disasters;
(2)economic growth in the States, cities, and rural areas of the United States is produced by expanding economic opportunities, expanding free enterprise through trade, developing and strengthening public infrastructure, and creating a climate for job creation and business development;
(3)the goal of Federal economic development programs is to raise the standard of living for all citizens and increase the wealth and overall rate of growth of the economy by encouraging communities to develop a more competitive and diversified economic base by—
(A)creating an environment that promotes economic activity by improving and expanding public infrastructure;
(B)promoting job creation through increased innovation, productivity, and entrepreneurship; and
(C)empowering local and regional communities experiencing chronic high unemployment and low per capita income to develop private sector business and attract increased private sector capital investment;
(4)while economic development is an inherently local process, the Federal Government should work in partnership with public and private State, regional, tribal, and local organizations to maximize the impact of existing resources and enable regions, communities, and citizens to participate more fully in the American dream and national prosperity;
42 USC Chapter 69 - COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
42 USC § 5301 - Congressional findings and declaration of purpose
(a) Critical social, economic, and environmental problems facing Nation’s urban communities
The Congress finds and declares that the Nation’s cities, towns, and smaller urban communities face critical social, economic, and environmental problems arising in significant measure from—
(1)the growth of population in metropolitan and other urban areas, and the concentration of persons of lower income in central cities;
(2)inadequate public and private investment and reinvestment in housing and other physical facilities, and related public and social services, resulting in the growth and persistence of urban slums and blight and the marked deterioration of the quality of the urban environment; and
(3)increasing energy costs which have seriously undermined the quality and overall effectiveness of local community and housing development activities
Community Development-“a comprehensive process for managing community change that involves citizens in a dialog to decide what must be done and then involves them in doing it.”
“Critical issues addressed in the CD process include: job and economic development (business attraction, expansion, and retention, and new business development); education and workforce development; infrastructure development and improvement; quality of life, culture and recreation; social issues such as housing, crime, teen pregnancy and substance abuse; leadership development; quality of governmental services; community image and marketing; and tourism development” Emphasis added. Community Development Handbook, Chapter 1, Page 2.
Economic Development-The main goal of economic development is improving the economic well- being of a community through efforts that entail job creation, job retention, tax base enhancements and quality of life. As there is no single definition for economic development, there is no single strategy, policy or program for achieving successful economic development. Communities differ in their geographic and political strengths and weaknesses. Each community therefore, will have a unique set of challenges for economic development. Emphasis added. From the International Economic Development Council (IEDC) web site:
Workforce Development-“Workforce development” is an essential component of community economic development in any economic climate, and certainly even more critical during the financial crises we’re experiencing today. Generally speaking, the term has come to describe a relatively wide range of activities, policies and programs employed by geographies to create, sustain and retain a viable workforce that can support current and future business and industry. Beyond this general understanding, it is difficult to gain a consensus as to the definition of workforce development, perhaps because each user of the term approaches it from a different perspective. Emphasis added.http://www.stlouisfed.org/publications/br/articles/?id=1953
Leadership Development- "an intentional effort to provide leaders and emerging leaders with opportunities to learn, grow and change." Its purpose is "to produce individuals over time with the skills to function effectively within the organization." http://www.hillconsultinggroup.org/assets/pdfs/articles/essentials-lead-dev.pdf
From 2000 to 2010, the population of Alabama grew by 332,636, while 31 counties lost population. In 2010 74.8% of the state GDP was generated in the MSAs, and 73.4% of the state workforce was in the 11 MSAs.
A Quantitative Analysis of Human Capital as an Economic Development Tool for the
Submitted to NorthcentralUniversity
Graduate Faculty of the School of Business and Technology Management
in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY
Bethany Parker Mullin
Prescott Valley, Arizona
Estimated Dothan Daytime Population in 2011=131,000 based on employment inflow and ratio of Dothan per capita sales to state per capita sales. In 2007, the average state retail sale per capita was $12,364. For the U.S. it was $12,990.