Generic ACCA slide - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Generic ACCA slide
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Generic ACCA slide

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  1. Generic ACCA slide

  2. Opening title slide. Highlight and overwrite dummy title. Restrict yourself to a maximum of 3 lines. This text is set to align at the bottom. Do not change the fonts or sizes used. Auditor liability – international developments

  3. Highlight and overwrite dummy text with your titles and texts. Restrict yourself to a maximum of 6 points per slide. If you require more points on a specific topic use as many following slides as necessary. Do not change the fonts or sizes used in the blanks. If you require more of any slide, go to the ‘Slide Sorter View’, click on the required slide and hit ‘Control D’, this can be repeated to create as many duplicates as required. First principles - the exposure of the auditor • The audit gives en entity’s owners an expert, independent opinion on whether the financial statements comply with accounts preparation • rules (the true and fair standard in EU terms) • An auditor can be sued by (among others) • The entity’s management • Persons who buy shares in the entity • - Third parties • The entity’s new owners • The entity’s liquidator • Under joint and several liability rules, the auditor can be made to assume full responsibility for loss, even where others are also negligent

  4. Highlight and overwrite dummy text with your titles and texts. Restrict yourself to a maximum of 6 points per slide. If you require more points on a specific topic use as many following slides as necessary. Do not change the fonts or sizes used in the blanks. If you require more of any slide, go to the ‘Slide Sorter View’, click on the required slide and hit ‘Control D’, this can be repeated to create as many duplicates as required. Approaches to limiting auditor’s exposure (1) – limited liability structures Audit firms may be allowed to organise themselves in limited liability structures- these may either be commercial limited companies or specially-devised vehicles such as the ‘limited liability parttnership’ Where auditors practise in such formats, the debts and liabilities of the firm belong to the firm and individual partners bear no personal responsibility for them This approach protects the personal assets of partners but does not protect the firm from a huge claim

  5. Highlight and overwrite dummy text with your titles and texts. Restrict yourself to a maximum of 6 points per slide. If you require more points on a specific topic use as many following slides as necessary. Do not change the fonts or sizes used in the blanks. If you require more of any slide, go to the ‘Slide Sorter View’, click on the required slide and hit ‘Control D’, this can be repeated to create as many duplicates as required. Approaches to limiting auditor’s exposure (2) – liability caps The law in some countries specifies a maximum amount for which auditors may be sued in the case of their negligence In the EU, such caps exist in Germany, Austria, Greece, Belgium and Slovenia Such caps may not protect the auditor in the case of fraud or intentional damage The law will also address whether the cap applies to actions by third parties as well as the audited entity

  6. Highlight and overwrite dummy text with your titles and texts. Restrict yourself to a maximum of 6 points per slide. If you require more points on a specific topic use as many following slides as necessary. Do not change the fonts or sizes used in the blanks. If you require more of any slide, go to the ‘Slide Sorter View’, click on the required slide and hit ‘Control D’, this can be repeated to create as many duplicates as required. Approaches to limiting auditor’s exposure (3) – proportionate liability Legal reforms have taken place in the USA and Australia, with effect that damages for economic loss should be allocated in accordance with courts’ determination of wrongdoers’ relative responsibility for the cause of the loss

  7. Highlight and overwrite dummy text with your titles and texts. Restrict yourself to a maximum of 6 points per slide. If you require more points on a specific topic use as many following slides as necessary. Do not change the fonts or sizes used in the blanks. If you require more of any slide, go to the ‘Slide Sorter View’, click on the required slide and hit ‘Control D’, this can be repeated to create as many duplicates as required. Approaches to limiting auditor’s exposure (4) – the UK reform The UK now allows individual companies and their auditors to enter into ‘liability limitation agreements’ whereby the liability of the auditor to the company is limited on some agreed basis No restriction on how liability is to be limited BUT the basis must be ‘fair and reasonable’ bearing in mind - the auditor’s statutory responsibilities - the auditor’s contractual obligations - the auditor’s professional obligations The company’s shareholders must approve any such agreement for it to be valid

  8. Highlight and overwrite dummy text with your titles and texts. Restrict yourself to a maximum of 6 points per slide. If you require more points on a specific topic use as many following slides as necessary. Do not change the fonts or sizes used in the blanks. If you require more of any slide, go to the ‘Slide Sorter View’, click on the required slide and hit ‘Control D’, this can be repeated to create as many duplicates as required. The EU initiative on auditor liability • The issue has become politicised following Enron et al • The revised statutory directive called on EC to • carry out study of EU’s audit liability regimes • This study has been followed by consultation exercise, offering four possible bases for reform: • One single monetary cap • A variable monetary cap • Limitation by reference to the audit fee • - Proportionate liability

  9. Use as section divider or to punch home a particular concept. Size and crop photo to fit entire slide frame. Right mouse click on photo and choose ‘order’ then ‘send to back’. The photo will then sit behind the pre-animated keylines and text block. Overwrite the text with a suitable title i.e. ‘Expand your horizons’ For detailed instructions on how to import, position and resize photos, please see the PowerPoint show entitled ‘Photo placement guidelines.ppt’ Arguments in favour of reform

  10. Highlight and overwrite dummy text with your titles and texts. Restrict yourself to a maximum of 6 points per slide. If you require more points on a specific topic use as many following slides as necessary. Do not change the fonts or sizes used in the blanks. If you require more of any slide, go to the ‘Slide Sorter View’, click on the required slide and hit ‘Control D’, this can be repeated to create as many duplicates as required. The markets need an adequate suppply of qualified and experienced auditors - we cannot risk another big firm collapse We must address the issue of competition – markets where liability is limited show that it is possible for mid-tier firms to compete for listed company business Active threat of litigation drives up insurance costs Audit profession now much more regulated Joint and several liability is a disproportionate sanction

  11. Highlight and overwrite dummy text with your titles and texts. Restrict yourself to a maximum of 6 points per slide. If you require more points on a specific topic use as many following slides as necessary. Do not change the fonts or sizes used in the blanks. If you require more of any slide, go to the ‘Slide Sorter View’, click on the required slide and hit ‘Control D’, this can be repeated to create as many duplicates as required. Concluding arguments Exposure to liability for negligent work remains a driver of quality Shareholders need to have rights against a negligent auditor Any reform needs to safeguard audit quality Auditors should not be guarantor of shareholder losses Any reformed basis of auditor liability should strike better balance and reflect real nature of audit function and relationship between auditor and stakeholders

  12. Opening title slide. Highlight and overwrite dummy title. Restrict yourself to a maximum of 3 lines. This text is set to align at the bottom. Do not change the fonts or sizes used. Thank you