EOC Study guide. Remember: REP ublics use rep resentatives, (Direct) d emocracies use d irect votes . Limited vs. Unlimited. Limited government limit the power of those in charge, unlimited means the people in power can do what ever they like. Dictatorship vs. Communism.
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Remember: REPublics use representatives, (Direct) democracies use direct votes
Limited government limit the power of those in charge, unlimited means the people in power can do what ever they like.
Dictatorship uses force and usually military threat to keep control
Communism is when the government owns all resources and every one works for the community
The first document to limit the power of a monarchy (a government with a king or queen)
First bill that guarantees the rights of citizens.
Believes in the separation of power.
Checks and balances is based of his ideas
Believes in natural born rights. The declaration of independence uses his ideas
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”
One house legislative branch
Two houses in the legislative branch
Written by Thomas Jefferson.
Created after a series of taxes and aggressive acts by the British aimed at the American Colonists.
Written as an open letter to the King (George III) and the world as to the reasons Americans seek to no longer be part of England.
Confederacy – a loose grouping of states.
Americans try this system (Articles of Confederation) after the revolutionary war because it had no single person in power and made state rights more important than the nations.
Obligations are around to keep our country moving and upholding principles. (registering for the selective services, paying taxes, being on a jury, obey laws)
Natural born citizens are born citizens, either by place or parents.
Naturalized citizens are people who choose to become a citizen of a different country than they were born in.
The three main plans brought up in the Constitutional Convention, held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1774-1776.
Deals with how slaves would be counted for population under new constitution.
Created after the Constitution is written. Anti Federalists demanded it be put in (they were afraid their rights would be taken away with out a Bill of Rights).
11th- citizen of one state can't sue another state in federal court
Make laws Enforces Laws Interprets Laws
Enumerated - These are powers allowed to congress listed out in the constitution.
Implied powers are created by the necessary and proper clause (elastic clause) in the constitution. It allows congress to make laws dealing with things they feel are needed, but are not one of the enumerated powers.
Filibusters are only conducted on the Senate floor (all of the Senate is present) on debate about a bill. There are no time limits, and this is used to stall a vote on a bill.
Filibusters are ended by cloture. This requires a 3/5ths vote of the senators and puts a limit on how much longer the bill can be discussed.