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Building the Shining City on a Hill. The Reagan Revolution (Chapter 23.1 and 23.2). The 1980s Culture. Became the “Me! Me! Me!” generation of status seekers Donald Trump made his millions “If you’ve got it, flaunt it!” “Shop til you drop!” Video games Rising costs for college

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building the shining city on a hill

Building the Shining City on a Hill

The Reagan Revolution (Chapter 23.1 and 23.2)

the 1980s culture
The 1980s Culture
  • Became the “Me! Me! Me!” generation of status seekers
    • Donald Trump made his millions
    • “If you’ve got it, flaunt it!”
    • “Shop til you drop!”
    • Video games
  • Rising costs for college
  • Nerds become the hot commodity
  • MTV is born (it used to be for actual music videos)
    • Pop, rock, new wave, punk, country, and rap or hip hop became popular
liberalism
Liberalism
  • Born of the New Deal and the Great Society
    • Gov’t intervention in society, central planning of economy, high taxes, internationalism, and judicial activism
neo conservatism
Neo-Conservatism
  • Same vein as AuH2O
    • Free market, limited gov’t, personal freedom and responsibility, fewer taxes, pro-business, strong national defense, and judicial restraint
    • Social Conservatives = Religious Right
conservative activists
Conservative Activists
  • Sagebrush Rebels – wanted Feds to give control of land to the states
  • The Moral Majority – angry at Federal stands on social issues
    • Pro-life, pro-religion in school, anti-Equal Rights Act, anti-gay
enter ronald reagan
Enter Ronald Reagan
  • AuH2O conservative
  • Opposed “big gov’t”
  • Wanted a strong military
  • Believed in “traditional values”
  • The “Great Communicator” radiated optimism
appeal of reagan
Appeal of Reagan
  • Sportscaster & Hollywood actor
  • President of SAG (Screen Actors’ Guild) then Gov . Of Cali
    • Strong anti-communist, led Hollywood against Communism
1980 election
1980 Election
  • Ran against Jimmy Carter
  • Asked “Are you better off than you were four years ago?”
  • “Can do” attitude sweeps Reagan to victory
reagan shot
Reagan Shot

“Honey, I forgot to duck.”

reaganomics
Reaganomics
  • Supply-Side Economics
    • Major tax cuts to individuals and businesses (from 70%-28%)
      • More federal revenue projected from new sales and payroll taxes in lieu of income taxes
    • Cut regulations and size of Federal Gov’t
effects of reaganomics
Effects of Reaganomics
  • Inflation drops from 11.83% to 3.8% by 1982
  • 16,000,000 jobs added
  • GDP grows at average rate of 3.4%
  • Total family wealth and income surge
critiques of reaganomics
Critiques of Reaganomics
  • Jobs added in total – overall average 7.5% unemployment
  • 25% jump in poverty as Social net cut
  • Median income drops as people forced off welfare and into lower paying jobs
  • Budget swells (militarism)
reagan gets tough
Reagan Gets Tough
  • 1981 – Illegally, Air Traffic controllers went on strike
    • PATCO – Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization
  • Reagan fired them all after 48 hour warning and hired new workers
  • Labor HATES Reagan
    • Union power broken in the US
cracked the war on drugs
CRACKED! The War on Drugs
  • Crack cocaine hit America’s cities
    • Surge in addiction, homelessness, murder, theft, robbery, and long-term imprisonment
  • Nancy Reagan started “Just Say No” program
    • Federal money cut for drug users (housing and college)
    • Random drug tests for Federal workers
    • Treatment facilities
racism of drugs
Racism of Drugs
  • Rock or crack cocaine

common among blacks

    • Powdered cocaine common among whites
  • Courts sentence crack abusers MUCH more frequently and harshly
    • More jail time for blacks
    • “Ghettoization” of cities
social changes for women
Social Changes for Women
  • Increasingly involved in politics
    • 1981 – Sandra Day O’Connor
      • 1st woman on Court
    • By 1989 – 20 states have equal pay laws
    • Cuts for federally funded daycare
slide19
AIDS
  • 1981 – disease hits US
    • Called “Slim Disease”, “Gay Disease”, the “4H Disease” (Haitians, homosexuals, heroin users, and hemophiliacs)
  • By 1990 – myths begin to separate from facts
    • Transfusions (Ryan White), toilets, touching
the aids epidemic
The AIDS Epidemic
  • Reagan is criticized for remaining silent on AIDS for years as it ravages America
    • Controversy over its impact in the gay community
    • Controversy over sex education in schools
a global issue
A Global Issue
  • In US today, AIDs now seen as something one can live with
  • On the rise again as sexual caution disappearing
    • 2009 – DC sees 22% jump in AIDs
triumph and disaster
Triumph and Disaster
  • 1981 – new, reusable cheaper vehicle created
  • 1986 – Challenger explodes
scandal hits wall street
Scandal Hits Wall Street
  • The S&L Scandal
    • Federal insured banks hit by $2,600,000,000 theft
    • Deregulation of banks blamed
  • Reagan uses tax-payer money to pay off
    • Americans angry
1982 war in lebanon
1982 War in Lebanon
  • Civil War in Lebanon

threatened regional

peace and security

  • US sent in troops as peacekeepers with multi-national force
  • 1983 – US Marine barracks bombed, 220 killed
    • Iranian funded Hezbollah behind the attack
    • NOW – seen as early Islamic terror event
  • US leaves Lebanon
bombing in beirut 1983
Bombing in Beirut - 1983
  • 241 Americans are killed by suicide bombers in barracks in Beirut, Lebanon
    • Hezbollah (backed by Iran) claims responsibility
libya
Libya
  • US and Libya dispute international water
    • Libyans attack US Navy and US crushes
    • Libya contracts for W. Berlin disco bombing where two US soldiers were killed
  • April 1986 – US bombs Libya in retaliation for state-sponsored terrorist bombings
    • Colonel Muammar Gaddafi left in power
  • Dec 1988 – PanAm Flight 803 blown up over Scotland
    • Linked back to Libya
iran contra affair
Iran-Contra Affair
  • Reagan alleged to have secretly and illegally sold weapons to Iran
    • To get Iranian air in pressuring Lebanon to release US hostages
    • Funneling money to anti-Sandinista Nicaraguan rebels (Contras)
  • Oliver North took the fall but many blamed Reagan
afghanistan a secret war
Afghanistan – A Secret War
  • 1973 – communists seize Afghanistan
  • Peasants fear anti-religious message, organize Mujahideen
  • Soviets fear spread of Holy War into southern USSR
    • Enter the US
the triumph of reagan
The Triumph of Reagan
  • 1980 – Reagan runs to

oppose communism

    • Massive raises in defense

spending

    • Star War (Strategic Defense Initiative [SDI]) - use ground-based and space-based systems to protect the US from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles
      • Focused on strategic defense rather than the prior strategic offense doctrine of MAD
the russian situation
The Russian Situation
  • Afghan War spending combined with new US arms race – cause Soviet economic disaster
    • Social programs cut
    • Soviets can’t buy bread and guns at the same time
taking on the evil empire
Taking on the “Evil Empire”
  • Reagan approved a 40% increase in defense spending from 1981 – 1985
  • “Peace Through Strength” - Deterrence
mikhail gorbachev a last ditch soviet effort
Mikhail GorbachevA Last Ditch Soviet Effort
  • Perestroika
    • Economic restructuring
      • Capitalism?
  • Glasnost
    • Social Openness
      • Freedoms of press and speech
summits with gorbachev
Summits with Gorbachev
  • Gorbachev was someone Reagan could work with
    • Perestroika and Glasnost unraveling the USSR
    • Reagan’s plan working