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Lesson XXXIV. Present Passive Infinitives Translation practice. Present Passive Infinitives. You have already learned the present active infinitive. It’s the 2 nd principal part of the verb: portare : to carry docere : to teach munire : to fortify. Present Passive Infinitives.

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lesson xxxiv

Lesson XXXIV

Present Passive Infinitives

Translation practice

present passive infinitives
Present Passive Infinitives

You have already learned the present active infinitive. It’s the 2nd principal part of the verb:

portare: to carry

docere: to teach

munire: to fortify

present passive infinitives1
Present Passive Infinitives

Now it’s time to learn the present passive infinitive. It’s easy!

Just change the final –e to an –i:

portari: to be carried

doceri: to be taught

muniri: to be fortified

present passive infinitives2
Present Passive Infinitives

The only verbs that DO NOT follow that simple rule are 3rd conjugation. Remember that they always cause trouble and do things a little differently…

These are the –o/–ere verbs,

like these:

pono, ponere

duco, ducere

present passive infinitives3
Present Passive Infinitives

Instead of changing the –re to –ri, 3rd conjugation verbs go nuts and chop off their ENTIRE -ere, then replace it with just an –i!

ducere: to lead

duci: to be led

ponere: to place

poni: to be placed

present passive infinitives4
Present Passive Infinitives

But aside from the nutty 3rd conjugations, present passive infinitives are pretty easy to recognize and translate.

VERB Present Act. Inf.Present Passive Inf.

amo, amare: amare---to loveamari: to be loved

moneo, monere: monere---to warn moneri: to be warned

rego, regere: regere---to rule regi---to be ruled

audio, audire: audire---to hear audiri---to be heard

slide7

Present Act. Inf.

  • amo, amare: amare---to love
  • moneo, monere: monere---to warn
  • rego, regere: regere---to rule
  • audio, audire: audire---to hear
  • Present Passive Inf.
  • amari: to be loved
  • moneri: to be warned
  • regi---to be ruled
  • audiri---to be heard
liberi liberorum
liberi, liberorum

(m. pl.) children

superbia superbiae f
superbia, superbiae (f.)

pride, arrogance

primus prima primum
primus, prima, primum:

first

primary, primitive

superbus superba superbum
superbus, superba, superbum:

proud, arrogant

superb

permitto permittere permisi permissus
permitto, permittere, permisi, permissus:

let go through, allow, entrust (w/dative)

tamen
tamen:

nevertheless