Lesson XXXIV. Present Passive Infinitives Translation practice. Present Passive Infinitives. You have already learned the present active infinitive. It’s the 2 nd principal part of the verb: portare : to carry docere : to teach munire : to fortify. Present Passive Infinitives.
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Present Passive Infinitives
You have already learned the present active infinitive. It’s the 2nd principal part of the verb:
portare: to carry
docere: to teach
munire: to fortify
Now it’s time to learn the present passive infinitive. It’s easy!
Just change the final –e to an –i:
portari: to be carried
doceri: to be taught
muniri: to be fortified
The only verbs that DO NOT follow that simple rule are 3rd conjugation. Remember that they always cause trouble and do things a little differently…
These are the –o/–ere verbs,
Instead of changing the –re to –ri, 3rd conjugation verbs go nuts and chop off their ENTIRE -ere, then replace it with just an –i!
ducere: to lead
duci: to be led
ponere: to place
poni: to be placed
But aside from the nutty 3rd conjugations, present passive infinitives are pretty easy to recognize and translate.
VERB Present Act. Inf.Present Passive Inf.
amo, amare: amare---to loveamari: to be loved
moneo, monere: monere---to warn moneri: to be warned
rego, regere: regere---to rule regi---to be ruled
audio, audire: audire---to hear audiri---to be heard
(m. pl.) children
be near, be present
let go through, allow, entrust (w/dative)
stay behind, remain