Hardware Basics: Inside The Box. Topics. What Computers Do Bits, Bytes, and Buzzwords The Computer’s Core The Computer’s Memory. Thomas J. Watson, Sr. . The “emperor” of IBM Created a culture of invention IBM remains an industry leader and innovator. Process Information. Produce
Pointing devices like the mouse also receive input
Printers also produce output.
The CPU is like the “brain” of the computer.
ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange
Most widely used code, represents each character as a unique 8-bit code.
The microprocessor that makes up your personal computer’s central processing unit, or CPU, is the ultimate computer brain, messenger, ringmasterand boss. All the other components—RAM, disk drives, the monitor— exist only to bridge the gap between you and the processor.
Ron White, in How Computers Work
Clock speed by itself doesn’t adequately describe how fast a computer can process words, numbers, or pictures.
Speed is also limited by architecture and word size.
Sockets on the outside of the computer called ports.