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BELLWORK. Name the layers of the Earth. Inside the Earth. Chapter 15 – Section 1. Vocabulary. Crust – the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the mantel. Mantle – the layer of rock between the Earth’s crust and core. Core – the central part of the Earth below the mantle.

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bellwork
BELLWORK
  • Name the layers of the Earth.
inside the earth

Inside the Earth

Chapter 15 – Section 1

vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Crust – the thin and solid outermost layer of the Earth above the mantel.
  • Mantle – the layer of rock between the Earth’s crust and core.
  • Core – the central part of the Earth below the mantle.
slide4

Lithosphere – the solid, outer layer of the Earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle.

  • Asthenosphere – the soft layer of the mantle on which the tectonic plates move.
  • Mesosphere – the strong, lower part of the mantle between the asthenosphere and the outer core.
slide5

Tectonic Plate – a block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and the rigid, outermost part of the mantle.

After coloring, cut out and glue your plate map into your science notebook (DOT DOT… not a lot)

in your science notebook draw the following
In your science notebook, draw the following:

CRUST

  • Draw and color this rectangle in your notebook, slightly to the right of the center of the page.
  • As we discuss each layer of the Earth, you can enter the information about the layer to the left of the drawing.

MANTLE

OUTER

CORE

INNER

CORE

the crust
The Crust
  • 5 – 100 km thick
  • 2 types
    • Continental
    • Oceanic
  • Oceanic much denser
  • Less than 1% of Earth’s mass.
  • Major Elements
    • Oxygen
    • Silicon
    • Aluminum
the mantle
The Mantle
  • Most of the Earth’s mass (67%).
  • 2,900 km thick.
  • Major elements
    • Oxygen
    • Silicon
    • Magnesium
  • Liquid with a plastic consistency.
the core
The Core
  • Inner and Outer core
    • Outer – liquid
    • Inner - solid
  • 33% of Earth’s mass.
  • 3,430 km thick
  • Major Elements
    • Iron
    • Nickel
tectonic plates
Tectonic Plates
  • Plates of the lithosphere move around on top of the asthenosphere.
  • Giant jigsaw puzzle pieces.
tectonic plates1
Tectonic Plates
  • Not all same size.
  • Contain continental, oceanic or both types of crust.
tennessee in the past
Tennessee in the Past

Map view of the tectonic situation about 510 million years ago, in the late Cambrian period of geologic time. "C&O" locates the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal's location on the map. Note the volcanic island arc located offshore, in the Iapetus Ocean, moving closer to North America as the intervening oceanic crust is subducted.

Map by Ron Blakey, Northern Arizona University.

The TaconianOrogeny, as viewed from above, about 450 million years ago. The ChopawamsicTerrane has begun to collide with ancestral North America, adding the volcanic rocks and sedimentary to the eastern margin of the continent.

Map by Ron Blakey, Northern Arizona University.

mapping the earth s interior
Mapping the Earth’s Interior
  • Answers come from earthquakes.
  • Seismic waves pass through the Earth at different speeds, depending on what they are made of.
    • Faster through solids than liquids.
slide17
QUIZ
  • Name the layers of the Earth.
  • What are the tectonic plates made of (which layer or layers)?
  • Name the two types of crust.
  • Which layer has the most mass?
  • The least?