Unit 10 “ Use English to learn it ”. 10-1 Content-Based Instruction (especially for ESP, EOP, and immersion programs) . Background. Acquiring content (a subject matter) through language under the influence of Immersion Education where foreign language instruction is taught through the
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10-1 Content-Based Instruction (especially for ESP, EOP, and immersion programs)
Language is text- and discourse-based
Language use draws on integrated skills
Language is purposeful
(1) People learn a second language most successfully when the information they are acquiring is perceived as interesting, useful, and leading to a desired goal.
(2) Some content areas are more useful as a basis for language learning than others. (e.g. Geography)
(3) Students learn best when instruction addresses students’ needs.
(4) Teaching builds on the previous experience of the learners.
Richards (2001:224): an activity or goal that is carried out using language, such as finding a solution to a puzzle, reading a map and giving directions, making a phone call, etc. Tasks should resemble real-life language use. (CLT)
1. dependence on tasks as the primary source of pedagogical input in teaching and the absence of a systematic grammatical or other type of syllabus to characterize it
2. aspects justified in TBLT: proposed schemes for task types, task sequencing, evaluation of task performance
1. meaning is primary
2. there’s some communication problem to solve
3. task completion has some priority
4. the assessment of the task is in terms of outcome