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ION SELECTION IN ACCELERATOR MASS SPECTROMETER BINP SB RAS. V. V. Parkhomchuk, S.A. Rastigeev BINP, Novosibirsk, Russia. The BINP AMS is mainly dedicated for dating of archaeological and geological samples by measurements of the ratio between carbon isotopes.

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V v parkhomchuk s a rastigeev binp novosibirsk russia

ION SELECTION IN ACCELERATOR MASS SPECTROMETER BINP SB RAS

V. V. Parkhomchuk, S.A. Rastigeev BINP, Novosibirsk, Russia.


V v parkhomchuk s a rastigeev binp novosibirsk russia

The BINP AMS is mainly dedicated for dating of archaeological and geological samples

by measurements

of the ratio between carbon isotopes.

AMS can be used for many others applications.


Isotopic abundance ratio in carbon samples
isotopic abundance ratio archaeological and geological samples in carbon samples

13C/ 14C~1010

For modern carbon

12C/ 14C~1012

The amount of 14C for dead samples

decreases through decay with a half-life of 5730 years.


A tomic and molecular isobars of radiocarbon
A archaeological and geological samples tomic and molecular isobars of radiocarbon

  • 14N m/dm=84000

  • 13CH, 12CH2 m/dm ~1000

    (About 108molecular isobars

    for each negative radiocarbon ion in modern samples)


V v parkhomchuk s a rastigeev binp novosibirsk russia

Mass spectrum of the modern sample archaeological and geological samples

low energy spectrum

11orders of magnitude

at the exit of

AMS facility


V v parkhomchuk s a rastigeev binp novosibirsk russia

Electrostatic filter archaeological and geological samples

E/q

M/q

ME/q2

Magnetic filter

Problems:

The scattering and charge exchange processes

allow the unwanted particles to pass through electrostatic

and magnetic filters. The ions can interact with molecules

of residual gas and parts of vacuum chamber.


V v parkhomchuk s a rastigeev binp novosibirsk russia

AMS method archaeological and geological samples

is based on the direct rare isotope counting

  • The ion extraction from the sample

  • The rejection of the primary isotopes

  • The beam acceleration

  • The rejection of the isobaric ions

  • The rare isotope counting

  • negative 14N ions not stable

  • stripping destroys molecules


Binp ams facility
BINP AMS facility archaeological and geological samples


Basic features of binp ams facility
Basic features of BINP AMS facility archaeological and geological samples

  • The ion energy selection just after molecular destruction effective filtration of the molecular fragments, because energy of fragments always less then ion energy (at this moment).

  • The magnesium vapor target as a molecule destroyer localized molecular destruction

  • 2D time of flight detector accurate recognition of each ion

1 - pressure tank,

2 - accelerator tube,

3 - cascade generator,

4 - middle energy

electrostatic filter,

5 - magnesium vapors stripper,

6 - ion source,

7 - low-energy magnetic analyzer,

8- high-energy magnetic analyzer


V v parkhomchuk s a rastigeev binp novosibirsk russia

recharging in accelerator tubes archaeological and geological samples


Time of flight detector
time-of-flight detector archaeological and geological samples


Tof spectrum at the exit of ams
ToF spectrum at the exit of AMS archaeological and geological samples

14C

  • modern sample (carbon fabric),

  • “dead” sample (graphite MPG)


2d tof spectrum at the exit of ams
2D ToF spectrum at the exit of AMS archaeological and geological samples

  • modern sample (carbon fabric),

  • “dead” sample (graphite MPG)


16 o background
16 archaeological and geological samples O background

a) 16O background, b) 16O


Carbon background
carbon background archaeological and geological samples

a) 13C background, b) 12C background


V v parkhomchuk s a rastigeev binp novosibirsk russia

14 archaeological and geological samples N background

Without tandem terminal filter:

With tandem terminal filter:

The 14N and 14C ions energy have the same values at the exit of accelerator only after five steps recharging process.

Moreover, the magnesium vapors stripper had no the

observable influence on vacuum condition


14 n background
14 archaeological and geological samples N background

  • 14N background for BINP AMS,

  • 14N background


Summary
SUMMARY archaeological and geological samples

  • The effective suppression of 14N background in BINP AMS is demonstrated.

  • Shown that the influence of ion background in the measured radiocarbon concentration of 14C/12C ~ 2 * 10-15 (graphite MPG) is insignificant.


V v parkhomchuk s a rastigeev binp novosibirsk russia

2D TOF spectrum archaeological and geological samples

Modern sample14C/12C~10-12

“dead” sample(graphite MPG) 14C/12C~2*10-15