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Chapter 8 Communications and Networks 46 slides. Chapter 8 Objectives. Next. Discuss the components required for successful communications. Describe various types of lines for communications over the telephone network. Describe commonly used communications devices.

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chapter 8 objectives
Chapter 8 Objectives

Next

Discuss the components required for successful communications

Describe various types of lines for communications over the telephone network

Describe commonly usedcommunications devices

Describe uses of computer communications

Differentiate among types of networks

Discuss different ways to set upa home network

Explain the purpose ofcommunications software

Identify various physical and wireless transmission media

communications
Communications

Next

  • What are computercommunications?

p. 296 Fig. 8-1

communications1
Communications

Sending device— initiates instruction to transmit data, instructions, or information

Communications device — connects the sending device to the communications channel

Communications channel— media on which data, instructions, or information travel

Communications device — connects the communications channel to the receiving device

Receiving device— accepts transmission of data, instructions, or information

Next

  • What is needed for successful communications?

p. 296

uses of computer communications
Uses of Computer Communications

Next

  • What are some uses of communications technology?

Internet

Web

E-Mail

InstantMessaging

Chat Rooms

Newsgroups

Internet Telephony

WebFolders

Fax Machine or Computer Fax/Modem

FTP

VideoConferencing

p. 298

uses of computer communications1
Uses of Computer Communications

Text messagingallows users to send and receive short text messages on a smart phone or PDA

Wireless instant messagingallows wireless mobile devices to exchange messages

Picture messaging allows users to send graphics, pictures, video clips, sound files, and short text messages

Next

  • What are wireless messaging services?

Video messaging

p. 298 - 299

uses of computer communications2
Uses of Computer Communications

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 8, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click Hot Spots below Chapter 8

Next

  • What are wireless Internet access points and cybercafés?
  • Wireless Internet access point allows wireless connection to Internet in public location
    • 3G network
  • Cybercaféis coffee house that provides computers with Internet access

p. 300 Fig. 8-4

uses of computer communications3
Uses of Computer Communications

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 8, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click GPS below Chapter 8

Next

  • What is a global positioning system (GPS)?

Step 1.GPS satellites orbit Earth. Every thousandth of a second, each satellite sends a signal that indicates its current position to the GPS receiver.

Step 2.A GPS receiver (such as in a car, a watch, a smart phone, a handheld device, or a collar) determines its location on Earth by analyzing at least 3 separate satellite signals from the 24 satellites in orbit.

p. 301 Fig. 8-5

uses of computer communications4
Uses of Computer Communications

Next

  • What are collaboration and groupware?
  • Collaborationis working with other users connected to a server
    • A document management system provides for storage and management of a company’s documents
  • Groupwareis softwarethat allows peopleto shareinformation

p. 302 Fig. 8-6

uses of computer communications5
Uses of Computer Communications

Next

  • What are voice mail and web services?
  • Voice mail is voice message converted to digital form
  • Web services describe standardized software that enables programmers to create applications that communicate with other remote computers over the Internet or over an internal business network

p. 302

networks
Networks

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 8, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click Local Area Networks below Chapter 8

Next

  • What is a network?
  • Collection of computers and devices connected via communications devices and transmissionmedia
  • What is a local area network (LAN)?
  • Network in limited geographical area such as home or office building
  • Metropolitan area network (MAN) connects LANs in city or town

p. 303 - 304

networks1
Networks

Next

  • What is a wide area network (WAN)?
  • Network that covers large geographic area using many types of media
  • Internet is world’s largest WAN

p. 304 Fig. 8-8

networks2
Networks

Next

  • What is a client/server network?
  • One or more computers act as server and other computers, or clients, access server

p. 305 Fig. 8-9

networks3
Networks

Next

  • What is a peer-to-peer network?
  • Simple network that connects fewer than 10 computers
  • Each computer, or peer, has equal capabilities

p. 305 Fig. 8-10

networks4
Networks

Next

  • What is Internet peer-to-peer (P2P)?
  • Enables users to connect to each other’s hard disks and exchange files directly

p. 306 Fig. 8-11

networks5
Networks

Next

  • What is network topology?
  • Layout of devices in a network
      • Popular topologies are bus, ring, and star
    • Bus network
      • All computers and devices connect to a single central cable, or bus

p. 306 Fig. 8-12

networks6
Networks

Next

  • What is a ring network?
  • Cable forms closed ring, or loop, with all computers and devices arranged along ring
  • Data travels from device to device around entire ring, in one direction

p. 307 Fig. 8-13

networks7
Networks

Next

  • What is a star network?
  • All devices connect to a central device, called hub
  • All data transferred from one computer to another passes through hub

p. 307 Fig. 8-14

networks8
Networks

Extranet allows customers or suppliers to access part of company’s intranet

Makes information accessible to employees

Typically includes connection to Internet

Internal network that uses Internet technologies

Next

  • What is an intranet?

p. 307 - 308

networks9
Networks

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 8, Click Web Link from left navigation, then click Ethernet below Chapter 8

Next

  • What are Ethernetand token ring?
  • Ethernet technology allows computers to contend for access to network
    • If two computers send data at same time, a collision occurs and computers must send again

Token ring technology controls access to network by requiring devices to pass a special signal, calledtoken

p. 308

networks10
Networks

Next

  • What are TCP/IP and 802.11 (Wi-Fi)?
  • TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) technology transmits data by breaking it up into small pieces, or packets
    • Commonly used for Internet transmissions
  • 802.11 is family of standards for wireless LANs
    • Also known as Wi-Fi (wireless fidelity)

p. 308 - 309

networks11
Networks

Next

  • What is Bluetooth?
  • Short-range radio waves transmitdata between Bluetooth devices

p. 309

networks12
Networks

Next

What areIrDA,RFID, WiMAX, and Wireless Applications Protocol (WAP)?

Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAXor 802.16)standard that specifies how wirelessdevices communicate over the airin a wide area

IrDAspecification allows data to be transferred wirelessly via infrared light waves

Wireless Applications Protocol (WAP)allow wireless mobile devices to access Internet

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)uses radio signals to communicatewith a tag placed in an object

p. 309

video keep tabs on your pets
Video: Keep Tabs on Your Pets

Next

Discover how to improve the odds of recovering a lost or stolen pet

low quality(click to start)

high quality(click to start)

communications software
Communications Software

Programs that help users establish connection to Internet, other network, or another computer

Programs that help users manage transmission of data, instructions, and information

Programs that provide an interface for users to communicate with one another

Next

  • What is communications software?

p. 310

communications over the telephone network
Communications Over the Telephone Network

Next

  • What is the public switched telephone network (PSTN)?
  • Worldwide telephone system that handles voice-oriented telephone calls

p. 310 Fig. 8-15

communications over the telephone network1
Communications Over the Telephone Network

Next

  • What is a dial-up line?
  • Temporary connection using one or more analog telephone lines for communications
  • Costs no more than making regular call
  • Computers at any two locations can establish a connection using modems and telephone network

p. 311

communications over the telephone network2
Communications Over the Telephone Network

Next

  • What is a dedicated line?
  • Always-on connection between two communications devices
  • Four types are ISDN line, DSL, T-carrier line, and ATM

p. 311 Fig. 8-16

communications devices
Communications Devices

communication overa CATV line

Any type of hardware capable of transmittingdata, instructions, and information betweendevices

communication overa telephone line

Next

  • What is a communications devices?

p. 312 - 313

communications devices1
Communications Devices

Next

  • What is a dial-upmodem?
  • Converts digital signals to analog signals and vice versa
  • Notebook computers often use PC Card modem

p. 313 Fig. 8-18

communications devices2
Communications Devices

Next

  • What are ISDN and DSL modems?

Communications devices that send and receive digital ISDN and DSL signals

Usually external devices in which one end connects to a telephone line and the other end connects to a port on the system unit

p. 314

communications devices3
Communications Devices

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 8, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click Cable Modems below Chapter 8

Next

  • What is a cable modem?
  • Sends and receives data over cable television network
  • Much faster than dial-up modem or ISDN

p. 314 Fig. 8-19

communications devices4
Communications Devices

Next

  • What is a wireless modem?
  • Allows access to the Web wirelessly from a notebook computer, a PDA, a smart phone, or other mobile device
  • Typically use the same waves used by cellular telephones

p. 314 Fig. 8-20

communications devices5
Communications Devices

Next

  • What is a network card?
  • Adapter card, PC Card, or flash card that enables computer or device to access network

p. 315 Fig. 8-21

communications devices6
Communications Devices

Next

  • What is a wireless access point?
  • Central communications device that allows computers and devices to transfer data wirelessly among themselves or to wired network

p. 315

communications devices7
Communications Devices

Next

  • What is a router?
  • Connects computers and transmits data to correct destination on network
  • Routers forward data on Internet using fastest available path

p. 315 Fig. 8-22

home networks
Home Networks

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 8, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click Home Networks below Chapter 8

Next

  • What is a home network?
  • Multiple computers connected in home
  • Several types of home networks
    • Ethernet — connect computers via cable
    • Powerline cable — use electrical lines in house
    • Phoneline — use telephone lines
    • HomeRF (radio frequency) — wireless

p. 316 - 317 Fig. 8-23

communications channel
Communications Channel

Next

  • What is a channel?
  • Transmission media on which data, instructions, or information travel in communications system

Transmission mediaare materials capable of carrying one or more signals

Bandwidthis amount of data that can travel over a communications channel

p. 317 - 318

communications channel1
Communications Channel

Next

  • How is a request sent over the Internet using a communications channel?

p. 318 Fig. 8-24

physical transmission media
Physical Transmission Media

Next

  • What are twisted-pair cable and coaxial cable?
  • Twisted-pair cable is used for telephone systems and network cabling
  • Coaxial cable is often used for cable television wiring

p. 319 - 320 Figs. 8-25—8-26

physical transmission media1
Physical Transmission Media

Next

  • What is fiber-optic cable?
  • Capable of carrying significantly more data at faster speeds than wire cables
  • Less susceptible to interference (noise) and, therefore, more secure
  • Smaller size (thinner and lighter)

p. 320 Fig. 8-27

wireless transmission media
Wireless Transmission Media

Next

  • What is wireless transmission media?
  • Used when inconvenient, impractical, or impossible to install cables
  • Includes infrared, broadcast radio, cellular radio, microwaves, and communications satellites

p. 320

wireless transmission media1
Wireless Transmission Media

Click to view Web Link,click Chapter 8, Click Web Linkfrom left navigation,

then click Cellular Communications below Chapter 8

Next

  • What are broadcast radio and cellular radio?
  • Broadcast radio distributes radio signals through the air over long distances
  • Cellular radio is form of broadcast radio used for mobile communications
    • A cellular telephone is a telephone device that uses high-frequency radio waves to transmit voice and digital data messages

p. 321

wireless transmission media2
Wireless Transmission Media

Next

  • What is a microwave station?
  • Earth-based reflective dish used for microwave communications
  • Must transmit in straight line with no obstructions

p. 321

wireless transmission media3
Wireless Transmission Media

Next

  • What is a communications satellite?
  • Space station that receives microwave signals from earth-based station, amplifies signals, and broadcasts signals back over a wide area to any number of earth-based stations

p. 321

summary of communications and networks
Summary of Communications and Networks

Communications terminology and applications

Various communications devices, media, and procedures

How to join computers into a network

Chapter 8 Complete